GABA gamma-aminobutyric acid
GalOS galactooligosaccharide
GDP gross domestic product
GI gastrointestinal
GMO genetically modified organism
GRAS generally recognized as safe
GWAS genome-wide association studies
HMO human milk oligosaccharide
HMP Human Microbiome Project
HUMAnN HMP Unified Metabolic Analysis Network
IBD imflammatory bowel disease
IBS irritable bowel syndrome
ICU intensive care unit
IFIC International Food Information Council
IgA immunoglobulin A
IHMC International Human Microbiome Consortium
IL interleukin
IND Investigational New Drug
IOM Institute of Medicine
IRB institutional review board
ITC isothiocynate
JCVI J. Craig Venter Institute
LDL low-density lipoprotein
LPS lipopolysaccharide
LRH liver receptor homologue
MAP mitogen-activated protein
MDA multiple displacement amplification
mRNA messenger ribonucleic acid
MWAS metabolome-wide association studies
NDI new dietary ingredient
NDO nondigestible oligosaccharide
NEC necrotizing enterocolitis
NIH National Institutes of Health
NMR nuclear magnetic resonance
NSF National Science Foundation
OTU operational taxonomic unit

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