References

Anderson, R., and Fields, J. (2010). Explaining Changes in SIPP Monthly Poverty Rates in the 2004 Panel. Proceedings of the 2010 Joint Statistical Meetings. Alexandria, VA: American Statistical Association.

Banthin, J.S., and Bernard, D. (2012, April). Incorporating Assets into Calculations of Financial Burdens for Health: Implications for Elderly, Non-Elderly, and Self-Employed. Background paper prepared for the Panel on Measuring Medical Care Economic Risk in Conjunction with the Supplemental Poverty Measure.

Banthin, J.S., Cunningham, P., and Bernard, D.M. (2008). Financial burden of health care, 2001-2004. Health Affairs 27(1):188-195.

Box, G.E.P., and Draper, N.R. (1987). Empirical Model-Building and Response Surfaces. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Bryant, V.L. (2008). Accumulation and distribution of individual retirement arrangements, 2004. Statistics of Income Bulletin 27(4):90-101.

Cohen, R.A., Gindi, R.M., and Kirzinger, W.K. (March 2012). Burden of Medical Care Cost: Early Release of Estimates from the National Health Interview Survey, January-June 2011. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics. March 2012. Available: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhis/releases.htm.

Cohen, S., and Yu, W. (2012). The Concentration and Persistence in the Level of Health Expenditures Over Time: Estimates for the U.S. Population, 2008-2009. Statistical Brief #354. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality.

Coile, C., and Milligan, L. (2009). How household portfolios evolve after retirement: The effect of aging and health shocks. Review of Income and Wealth 55(2):226-248.

Collins, S.R., Robertson, R., Garber, T., and Doty, M.M. (2012, February). The Income Divide in Health Care: How the Affordable Care Act Will Help Restore Fairness to the U.S. Health System. New York: The Commonwealth Fund. Available: www.commonwealthfund.org/Publications/Issue-Briefs/2012/Feb/Income-Divide.aspx.

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References Anderson, R., and Fields, J. (2010). Explaining Changes in SIPP Monthly Poverty Rates in the 2004 Panel. Proceedings of the 2010 Joint Statistical Meetings. Alexandria, VA: American Statistical Association. Banthin, J.S., and Bernard, D. (2012, April). Incorporating Assets into Calculations of Fi- nancial Burdens for Health: Implications for Elderly, Non-Elderly, and Self-Employed. Background paper prepared for the Panel on Measuring Medical Care Economic Risk in Conjunction with the Supplemental Poverty Measure. Banthin, J.S., Cunningham, P., and Bernard, D.M. (2008). Financial burden of health care, 2001-2004. Health Affairs 27(1):188-195. Box, G.E.P., and Draper, N.R. (1987). Empirical Model-Building and Response Surfaces. New York: John Wiley & Sons. Bryant, V.L. (2008). Accumulation and distribution of individual retirement arrangements, 2004. Statistics of Income Bulletin 27(4):90-101. Cohen, R.A., Gindi, R.M., and Kirzinger, W.K. (March 2012). Burden of Medical Care Cost: Early Release of Estimates from the National Health Interview Survey, January-June 2011. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics. March 2012. Available: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhis/releases.htm. Cohen, S., and Yu, W. (2012). The Concentration and Persistence in the Level of Health Ex- penditures Over Time: Estimates for the U.S. Population, 2008-2009. Statistical Brief #354. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. Coile, C., and Milligan, L. (2009). How household portfolios evolve after retirement: The effect of aging and health shocks. Review of Income and Wealth 55(2):226-248. Collins, S.R., Robertson, R., Garber, T., and Doty, M.M. (2012, February). The Income Divide in Health Care: How the Affordable Care Act Will Help Restore Fairness to the U.S. Health System. New York: The Commonwealth Fund. Available: www.­commonwealthfund.org/ Publications/Issue-Briefs/2012/Feb/Income-Divide.aspx. Congressional Research Service. (2010a, August 19). Medicaid and the State Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP) Provisions in PPACA—Summary and Timeline. CRS Report for Congress, prepared for Congress and Committees of Congress. Washing- ton, DC: Congressional Research Service. Available: http://www.opencrs.com/document/ R41210/2010-08-19. 107

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108 MEDICAL CARE ECONOMIC RISK Congressional Research Service. (2010b, April 21). Medicare Provisions in PPACA (P.L. 111-148). CRS Report for Congress, prepared for Congress and Committees of Con- gress. Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service. Available: https://opencrs.com/ document/11-148/2010-04-21/. Congressional Research Service. (2010c, April 15). Private Health Insurance Provisions in PPACA (P.L. 111-148). CRS Report for Congress, prepared for Congress and Commit- tees of Congress. Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service. Available: http:// www.opencrs.com/document/11-148/2010-04-15. Czajka, J.L. (2012). Measuring Medical Care Economic Risk: An Assessment of Data Sources. Background paper prepared for the Panel on Measuring Medical Care Economic Risk in Conjunction with the Supplemental Poverty Measure. Czajka, J.L., and Denmead, G. (2008). Income Data for Policy Analysis: A Comparative As- sessment of Eight Surveys. Final report. Washington, DC: Mathematica Policy Research. Czajka, J.L., and Denmead, G. (2011). What We’re Missing: How to Obtain Better Estimates of Retirement Income in Our Major Household Surveys. Paper presented at the 33rd An- nual Fall Research Conference, Association for Public Policy Analysis and Management, Washington, DC, November 3-5. Czajka, J.L., and Denmead, G. (2012). Getting More from Survey Income Measures: Empirically-Based Recommendations for Improving Accuracy and Efficiency. Proceed- ings of the 2012 Federal Committee on Statistical Methodology Research Conference. Czajka, J.L., Mabli, J., and Cody, S. (2008, February). Sample Loss and Survey Bias in Esti- mates of Social Security Beneficiaries: A Tale of Two Surveys. Final report to the Social Security Administration. Washington, DC: Mathematica Policy Research. De Nardi, M., French, E., and Jones, J. (2010). Why do the elderly save? The role of medical expenses. Journal of Political Economy 118(1):39-75. DeNavas-Watt, D., Cleveland, R., and Webster, Jr., B.H. (2003). U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Reports, P60-221. Income in the United States, 2002. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office. Doyle, P. (1997, May). Who Is at Risk?: Designing a Medical Care Risk Index. Working Paper. Washington, DC: U.S. Census Bureau. Available: http://www.census.gov/hhes/povmeas/ publications/medical/doyle2.html. Doyle, P., Beauregard, K., and Lamas, E. (1993). Health Benefits and Poverty: An Analysis Based on the National Medical Expenditure Survey. Presented to the annual meeting of the American Public Health Association, San Francisco, CA. Goldman, D.P., Shekelle P.G., Bhattacharya, J., Hurd, M.D., Joyce, G.F., Lakdawalla, D.N., Matsui, D.H, Newberry, S.J., Panis, C.W.A., and Shang, B. (2004). Health Status and Medical Treatment of the Future Elderly: Final Report. Santa Monica, CA: RAND Cor- poration. Available: http://www.rand.org/pubs/technical_reports/TR169. Gruber, J., and Perry, I. (2011, April). Realizing Health Reform’s Potential: Will the Affordable Care Act Make Health Care More Affordable? New York: The Commonwealth Fund. Available: http://www.commonwealthfund.org/Publications/Issue-Briefs/2011/Apr/ACA- Health-Insurance-Affordable.aspx. Haig, R.M. (1921). The concept of income—Economic and legal aspects. In R.M. Haig (Ed.), The Federal Income Tax. New York: Columbia University Press. Handel, B.R. (2011). Adverse Selection and Switching Costs in Health Insurance Markets: When Nudging Hurts. NBER Working Paper No. 17459. Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. Available: http://www.nber.org/papers/w17459. Henry, E.L., and Day, C.D. (2005). A Comparison of Income Concepts: IRS Statistics of Income, Census Current Population Survey, and BLS Consumer Expenditure Survey. Proceedings of the Government Statistics Session. Alexandria, VA: American Statistical Association.

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