of the Information Technology Laboratory, and the Director of the NIST Center for Neutron Research; and

•   Overview presentations and panel discussions on the advanced manufacturing topic areas of Nanomanufacturing, Smart Manufacturing, and Next-Generation Materials Measurements, Modeling, and Simulation.

Following this full-panel session, the panel divided into its three review teams, and each team (led by a team leader chosen from within the panel) then reviewed activities in its respective advanced manufacturing topic area. During these area reviews, the review team members attended presentations, tours, and interactive sessions with NIST staff; they also conducted interactive sessions with NIST managers.

Subsequently, the entire panel assembled for discussions with NIST management. It then met in a closed session to deliberate on its findings and to define the contents of this assessment report.

The approach of the panel to the assessment relied on the experience, technical knowledge, and expertise of its members, whose backgrounds, as noted above, were carefully matched to the technical areas of NIST’s manufacturing-related activities. For its assessment, the panel relied primarily on presentations made by NIST managers and staff and on the informational materials prepared by NIST staff for use by the panel prior to and during the deliberations.

The panel reviewed selected examples of the manufacturing-related technological research covered by NIST; because of time constraints, it was not possible to review these programs and projects exhaustively. The examples reviewed by the panel were selected by NIST in consultation with the panel chair and NRC staff. The panel’s goal was to identify and report salient examples of accomplishments and opportunities for further improvement. These examples are intended collectively to portray an overall impression of the manufacturing-related programs at NIST while also preserving useful suggestions specific to projects and programs that the panel examined. The panel applied a largely qualitative rather than a quantitative approach to the assessment.

The comments in this report are not intended to address each particular program within the NIST manufacturing-related areas exhaustively, but instead to identify key accomplishments and issues. Given the necessarily non-exhaustive nature of the review process, the omission of any particular program or project should not be interpreted as a negative reflection on the omitted program or project.

The preceding Summary, which highlights issues that apply broadly to several or all of the manufacturing areas or to the manufacturing-related programs as a whole, presents the panel’s key recommendations for NIST. Following this introductory chapter, the next three chapters provide overall assessments of the three areas of advanced manufacturing: Chapter 2 presents a detailed overall assessment of the Nanomanufacturing activities, Chapter 3 addresses the Smart Manufacturing activities, and Chapter 4 presents an overall assessment of the Next-Generation Materials Measurements, Modeling, and Simulation activities. Chapters 2 though 4 also present recommendations relevant to their topic areas, including the key recommendations presented in the Summary and others as appropriate. Chapter 5 discusses crosscutting themes identified by the panel, and Chapter 6 offers the panel’s overall conclusions.

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