Recipients of the R&D
NIST, as the U.S. national measurement laboratory charged also with assisting U.S. commercial organizations to develop advanced technology, has an extremely wide responsibility. By providing the underlying technical capability that enables the entire system of standards and norms, NIST R&D supports a broad set of industries and government agencies. Direct customers may be the industries and government agencies themselves, or standards-setting organizations that act as intermediaries in the process. For each area of application, there is a different set of stakeholders, and the constant requirement for reexamining needs and addressing them through a broadly based program that includes basic research aimed at uncovering the next generation of measurement capabilities and technologies
NIST is subject to the same oversight as that for other government laboratories. It is unique, however, in being the only government owned-government operated laboratory that operates a nuclear research reactor on its site. It is, therefore, subject to the oversight of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission and, of course, the citizenry and governments of neighboring communities in the Gaithersburg, Maryland, region.