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Appendix C Bibliography Accelerate Arkansas Strategic Planning Committee. 2007. Building a Knowledge-Based Economy in Arkansas: Strategic Recommendations by Accelerate Arkansas. Teresa A. McLendon, ed. Little Rock: Accel- erate Arkansas. Acs, Z., and D. Audretsch. 1990. Innovation and Small Firms. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press. Alic, J. A., L. M. Branscomb, H. Brooks, A. B. Carter, and G. L. Epstein. 1992. Beyond Spin-off: Military and Commercial Technologies in a Changing World. Boston: Harvard Business School Press. American Wind Energy Association. 2011. "Arkansas is a National Leader in Wind Energy Manufacturing." Washington, DC: American Wind Ener- gy Association. August. Amsden, A. H. 2001. The Rise of "the Rest": Challenges to the West from Late- industrializing Economies. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Arizona Daily Star. 2009. "Budget Cuts Hit Science Research Partnerships at Arizona Universities." February 8. Arkansas Business. 1996. "Nucor Makes Blytheville Steel Capital of the South." December 16. Arkansas Business. 2011. "Beebe, FDA Sign First of its Kind Agreement at NCTR." August 12. Arkansas Business. 2011. "NCTR Has Potential to Create High-Paying Jobs." July 4. Arkansas Business. 2012. "AMS Grant Helps Local Aerospace Manufacturer Turn Business Around." January 5. Arkansas Democrat-Gazette. 1987. "Arkansas Legislators Present Their Pro- posal for Tax Breaks for Proposed Steel Mill." December 7. Arkansas Democrat-Gazette. 1999. "Results from Subsidies UnknownState Has Little Idea Whether $633 Million in Breaks to Firms Spurred In- vestment." December 12. Arkansas Department of Education. 2007. Combined Research Report of Busi- ness Leaders and College Professors on Preparedness of High School Graduates. January. Little Rock: Arkansas Department of Education. 151

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152 BUILDING THE ARKANSAS INNOVATION ECONOMY Arkansas Economic Development Commission. 1979. Arkansas Climbs the Ladder: A View of Economic Factors Relating to Growth of Jobs and Purchasing Power. Little Rock: Arkansas Economic Development Commission. Arkansas Economic Development Commission. 2002. "Report of the Task Force for the Creation of Knowledge-Based Jobs." Little Rock: Arkan- sas Economic Development Commission. Arkansas Economic Development Commission. 2009. Governor Mike Beebe's Strategic Plan for Economic Development. Little Rock: Arkansas Eco- nomic Development Commission. Arkansas Research and Education Optical Network. 2008. "Arkansas Cyberinfrastructure Strategic Plan." Little Rock. Arkansas Small Business and Technology Development Center. 2009. "Enter- prise Center to Offer Valuable Technology Incubator Resources." Press Release. Little Rock: University of Arkansas at Little Rock. Arkansas State University. 2011. "Brian Rogers Named Director of Commercial Innovation Technology Incubator." Press Release. Jonesboro, AR: Ar- kansas State University. January 5. Arkansas Task Force on Higher Education Remediation, Retention and Gradua- tion Rates. 2008. Access to Success: Increasing Arkansas' College Graduates Promotes Economic Development. ("Education Task Force Report.") August. Arkansas Task Force on Higher Education Remediation, Retention, and Gradua- tion Rates. 2008. A Plan for Increasing the Number of Arkansans with Bachelor's Degrees. Little Rock: Arkansas State University. ArkansasOnline. 2008. "LM Glasifiber Dedicates Little Rock Factory." October 28. Asheim, B., A. Isaksen, C. Nauwelaers, and F. Todtling, eds. 2003. Regional Innovation Policy for Small-Medium Enterprises. Cheltenham, UK, and Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar. Athreye, S. 2000. "Technology policy and innovation: The role of competition between firms." In P. Conceicao, S. Shariq, and M. Heitor, eds. Sci- ence, Technology, and Innovation Policy: Opportunities and Challeng- es for the Knowledge Economy. Westport, CT, and London: Quorum Books. Atkinson, R., and S. Andes. 2010. The 2010 State New Economy Index: Bench- marking Economic Transformation in the States. Washington, DC: Kauffman Foundation and the Information Technology and Innovation Foundation. November. Audretsch, D., ed. 1998. Industrial Policy and Competitive Advantage, Volumes 1 and 2. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar. Audretsch, D. 2006. The Entrepreneurial Society. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

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APPENDIX C 153 Audretsch, D., B. Bozeman, K. L. Combs, M. Feldman, A. Link, D. Siegel, P. Stephan, G. Tassey, and C. Wessner. 2002. "The economics of science and technology." Journal of Technology Transfer 27:155-203. Audretsch, D., H. Grimm, and C. W. Wessner. 2005. Local Heroes in the Global Village: Globalization and the New Entrepreneurship Policies. New York: Springer. Augustine, C., et al. 2009. Redefining What's Possible for Clean Energy by 2020. Full Report. Gigaton Throwdown. June. Bajaj, V. 2009. "India to spend $900 million on solar." The New York Times November 20. Baldwin, J. R., and P. Hanel. 2003. Innovation and Knowledge Creation in an Open Economy: Canadian Industry and International Implications. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Balzat, M., and A. Pyka. 2006. "Mapping national innovation systems in the OECD area." International Journal of Technology and Globalisation 2(1-2):158-176. Bank of Boston. 1997. "MIT: The Impact of Innovation." Boston: Bank of Bos- ton. Battelle. 2009. R&D Magazine. December. Battelle Technology Partnership Practice. 2009. "Opportunities for Advancing Job-Creating Research in Arkansas: A Strategic Assessment of Arkan- sas University and Government Lab Research Base." Access at . Bezdek, R. H., and F. T. Sparrow. 1981. "Solar subsidies and economic effi- ciency." Energy Policy 9(4):289-300. Biegelbauer, P. S., and S. Borras, eds. 2003. Innovation Policies in Europe and the U.S.: The New Agenda. Aldershot, UK: Ashgate. Birch, D. 1981. "Who creates jobs?" The Public Interest 65:3-14. Biris, Alexandru S. et al. 2009. "In vivo Raman flow cytometry for real-time detection of carbon nanotube kinetics in lymph, blood, and tissues." J. Biomed Opt 14(2). Block, F., and M. R. Keller. 2008. Where Do Innovations Come From? Trans- formations in the U.S. National Innovation System, 1970-2006. Wash- ington, DC: The Informational Technology & Innovation Foundation. July. Blomstrm, M., A. Kokko, and F. Sjholm. 2002. "Growth & Innovation Poli- cies for a Knowledge Economy: Experiences from Finland, Sweden, & Singapore." EIJS Working Paper. Series No. 156. Bloomberg News. 2006. "The next green revolution." August 21. Bolinger, M., R. Wiser, and E. Ing. 2006. "Exploring the Economic Value of EPAct 2005's PV Tax Credits." Lawrence Berkeley National Laborato- ry. Borenstein, S. 2008. The Market Value and Cost of Solar Photovoltaic Electrici- ty Production. Berkeley, CA: Center for the Study of Energy Markets.

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154 BUILDING THE ARKANSAS INNOVATION ECONOMY Borras, S. 2003. The Innovation Policy of the European Union: From Govern- ment to Governance. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar. Borrus, M., and J. Stowsky. 2000. "Technology policy and economic growth." In C. Edquist and M. McKelvey, eds. Systems of Innovation: Growth, Competitiveness and Employment, Vol. 2. Cheltenham, UK and North- ampton, MA: Edward Elgar. Bradsher, K. 2009. "China builds high wall to guard energy industry." Interna- tional Herald Tribune July 13. Brander, J. A., and B. J. Spencer. 1983. "International R&D rivalry and indus- trial strategy." Review of Economic Studies 50:707-722. Brander, J. A., and B. J. Spencer. 1985. "Export strategies and international market share rivalry." Journal of International Economics 16:83-100. Branigin, W. 2009. "Obama lays out clean-energy plans." Washington Post March 24. p. A05. Branscomb, L., and P. Auerswald. 2002. Between Invention and Innovation: An Analysis of Funding for Early-Stage Technology Development. NIST GCR 02841. Gaithersburg, MD: National Institute of Standards and Technology. November. Braunerhjelm, P., and M. Feldman. 2006. Cluster Genesis: Technology based Industrial Development. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Business Facilities. 2010. "Windstream Picks Little Rock, AR for HQ." July 13. Bush, N. 2005. "Chinese competition policy, it takes more than a law." China Business Review May-June. Bush, V. 1945. Science: The Endless Frontier. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office. Bussey, J. 2012." The sun shines on `the cloud.'" The Wall Street Journal. July 13:B1. Campoccia, A., L. Dusonchet, E. Telaretti, and G. Zizzo. 2009. "Comparative analysis of different supporting measures for the production of electri- cal energy by solar PV and Wind systems: Four representative Europe- an cases." Solar Energy 83(3):287-297. Caracostas, P., and U. Muldur. 2001. "The emergence of the new European Un- ion research and innovation policy." In P. Laredo and P. Mustar, eds. Research and Innovation Policies in the New Global Economy: An In- ternational Comparative Analysis. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar. Carter, Mark. 2011. "Scholars Program Copies Georgia's Model." Innovate Ar- kansas August 22. Chesbrough, H. 2003. Open Innovation: The New Imperative for Creating and Profiting from Technology. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Business School Press. Chronicle of Higher Education. February 7, 2010. Cimoli, M., and M. della Giusta. 2000. "The Nature of Technological Change and Its Main Implications on National and Local Systems of Innova- tion." IIASA Interim Report IR-98-029.

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APPENDIX C 155 Clemson School of Computing. Undated. "Dr. Amy Apon Joins the School of Computing as Chair of the Computer Science Division." Press Release. Clemson, SC: Clemson University. Cleveland.com. 2010. "Caterpillar Opens New Arkansas Factory, Hiring 600." September 1. Coburn, C., and D. Berglund. 1995. Partnerships: A Compendium of State and Federal Cooperative Programs. Columbus, OH: Battelle Press. Combs, K., and A. Link. 2003. "Innovation policy in search of an economic paradigm: the case of research partnerships in the United States." Tech- nology Analysis & Strategic Management 15(2). Computer Community Consortium. 2009. "From Internet to Robotics: A Roadmap for U.S. Robotics." May 21. Constable, George, and Bob Somerville. 2003. A Century of Innovatio: Twenty Engineering Achievements that Transformed our Lives. Washington DC: Joseph Henry Press. Cortright, J. 2006. Making Sense of Clusters: Regional Competitiveness and Economic Development. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution. Cortright, J., and H. Mayer. 2002. Signs of Life: The Growth of Biotechnology Centers in the US. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution. Council on Competitiveness/National Governor's Association. 2007. Cluster- Based Strategies for Growing State Economies. Washington, DC: Council on Competitiveness. Crafts, N. F. R. 1995. "The golden age of economic growth in Western Europe, 1950-1973." Economic History Review 3:429-447. Dahlman, C., and J. E. Aubert. 2001. China and the Knowledge Economy: Seiz- ing the 21st Century. Washington, DC: World Bank. Dahlman, C., and A. Utz. 2005. India and the Knowledge Economy: Leveraging Strengths and Opportunities. Washington, DC: World Bank. Daniel, D. E. 2008. "Thoughts on Creating More Tier One Universities in Tex- as." White Paper. May 30. Darmody, B. 2010. "The Power of Place 2.0: The Power of Innovation--10 Steps for Creating Jobs, Improving Technology Commercialization, and Building Communities of Innovation." Tucson: Association of University Research Parks. March 5. Davis, S., J. Haltiwanger, and S. Schuh. 1993. "Small Business and Job Crea- tion: Dissecting the Myth and Reassessing the Facts." Working Paper No. 4492. Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. Debackere, K., and R. Veugelers. 2005. "The role of academic technology transfer organizations in improving industry science links." Research Policy 34(3):321-342. Department of Labor and Industrial Relations: Research and Statistics Office. Hawaii's Green Workforce: A Baseline Assessment. December 2010.

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156 BUILDING THE ARKANSAS INNOVATION ECONOMY Desai, S., P. Nijkamp, and R. R. Stough, eds. 2011. New Directions in Regional Economic Development: The Role of Entrepreneurship Theory and Methods, Practice and Policy. Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar. De la Mothe, J., and G. Paquet. 1998. "National Innovation Systems, `Real Economies' and Instituted Processes." Small Business Economics 11:101-111. DeVol, R. C., K. Klowden, A. Bedorussian, and B. Yeo. 2009. North America's High Tech Economy: The Geography of Knowledge-Based Institututions. June 2. De Vol, Ross et al. 2004. Arkansas' Position in the Knowledge-Based Economy Santa Monica: Milken Institute. Dobesova, K., J. Apt, and L. Lave. 2005. "Are renewable portfolio standards cost-effective emissions abatement policy?" Environmental Science and Technology 39:8578-8583. Doloreux, D. 2004. "Regional innovation systems in Canada: a comparative study." Regional Studies 38(5):479-492. Doris, E., J. McLaren, V. Healey, and S. Hockett. 2009. State of the States 2009: Renewable Energy Development and the Role of Policy. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory. Durham, C. A., B. G. Colby, and M. Longstreth. 1988. "The impact of state tax credits and energy prices on adoption of solar energy systems." Land Economics 64(4):347-355. Eaton, J., E. Gutierrez, and S. Kortum. 1998. "European Technology Policy." NBER Working Paper 6827. Economic Development Agency. 2011. "EDA Announces Registry to Connect Industry Clusters Across the U.S.; Harvard Business School Tool De- signed to Assist Innovators and Small Business in Spurring Regional Economic Growth." October 6. Edler, J., and S. Kuhlmann. 2005. "Towards one system? The European Re- search Area initiative, the integration of research systems and the changing leeway of national policies." Technikfolgenabschtzung: Theorie und Praxis 1(4):59-68. Eickelpasch, A., and M. Fritsch. 2005. "Contests for cooperation: a new ap- proach in German innovation policy." Research Policy 34:1269-1282. Energy Information Administration. 2008. Federal Financial Interventions and Subsidies in Energy Markets 2007. Washington, DC: Energy Infor- mation Administration. Energy Overviews. 2011. "Arkansas Wins $100 Million Wind Turbine Nacelle Plant." May 11. Engardio, P. 2008. "Los Alamos and Sandia: R&D Treasures." BusinessWeek. February 11. Engardio, P. 2009. "State Capitalism." BusinessWeek. February 6. Etzowitz, H. 2008. The Triple Helix: University-Industry-Government Innova- tion in Action. London: Routledge.

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APPENDIX C 157 European Commission. 2003. Innovation in Candidate Countries: Strengthening Industrial Performance. Brussels: European Commission. May. Fangerberg, J. 2002. Technology, Growth, and Competitiveness: Selected Es- says. Cheltenham, UK, and Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar. Farrell, C., and M. Mandell. 1992. "Industrial Policy." BusinessWeek. April 4. Featherstonhaugh, George William. 1844. Excursion Through The Slave States, From Washington On The Potomac To The Frontier Of Mexico. Lon- don: John Murray, Albemarle Street. Federal Reserve of Chicago. 2007. "Can Higher Education Foster Economic Growth?--A Conference Summary. Chicago Fed Letter. March. Feldman, M., and A. Link. 2001. "Innovation policy in the knowledge-based economy." In Economics of Science, Technology and Innovation, Vol. 23. Boston: Kluwer Academic Press. Feldman, M., A. Link, and D. Siegel. 2002. The Economics of Science and Technology: An Overview of Initiatives to Foster Innovation, Entrepre- neurship, and Economic Growth. Boston: Kluwer Academic Press. Feser, E. 2005. "Industry Cluster Concepts in Innovation Policy: A Comparison of U.S. and Latin American Experience." Interdiscliplinary Studies in Economics and Management, Vol. 4. Vienna: Springer. Fishback, B., C. A. Gulbranson, R. E. Litan, L. Mitchell, and M. Porzig. 2007. Finding Business "Idols": A New Model to Accelerate Start-Ups. Kauffman Foundation Report. Flamm, K. 2003. "SEMATECH revisited: assessing consortium impacts on sem- iconductor industry R&D." In National Research Council. Securing the Future: Regional and National Programs to Support the Semiconduc- tor Industry. Charles. W. Wessner, ed. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. Florida, R. 2002. The Rise of the Creative Class. New York: Basic Books. Florida, R. 2004. "The World is Spiky." Atlantic Monthly October. Fonfria, A., C. Diaz de la Guardia, and I. Alvarez. 2002. "The role of technology and competitiveness policies: a technology gap approach." Journal of Interdisciplinary Economics 13:223-241. Foray, D., and P. Llerena. 1996. "Information structure and coordination in technology policy: a theoretical model and two case studies." Journal of Evolutionary Economics 6(2):157-173. Fort Smith Times Record. 2010. "Mitsubishi Incentives Hit $83M." December 25. Fox-Penner, Peter S., Marc Chupka, and Robert L. Earle. 2008. "Transforming America's Power Industry: The Investment Challenge 20102030." Brattle Group. Freeman, C. 1987. Theory of Innovation and Interactive Learning. London: Pin- ter. Friedman, T. 2005. The World Is Flat: A Brief History of the 21st Century. New York: W. H. Freeman.

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158 BUILDING THE ARKANSAS INNOVATION ECONOMY Fry, G. R. H. 1986. "The economics of home solar water heating and the role of solar tax credits." Land Economics 62(2):134-144. Fthenakis, V., J. E. Mason, and K. Zweibel. 2009. "The technical, geographical, and economic feasibility for solar energy to supply the energy needs of the US." Energy Policy 37(2):387-399. Fullilove, M. T. 2005. Root Shock: How Tearing Up City Neighborhoods Hurts America and What We Can Do About It. New York: Ballantine Books. Furman, J., M. Porter, and S. Stern. 2002. "The determinants of national innova- tive capacity." Research Policy 31:899-933. Geiger, R. L., and C. M. S. 2009. Tapping the Riches of Science: Universities and the Promise of Economic Growth. Cambridge MA: Harvard Uni- versity Press. George, G., and G. Prabhu. 2003. "Developmental financial institutions as tech- nology policy instruments: implications for innovation and entrepre- neurship in emerging economies." Research Policy 32(1):89-108. Grande, E. 2001. "The erosion of state capacity and European innovation policy: a comparison of German and EU information technology policies." Re- search Policy 30(6):905-921. Grindley, P., D. Mowery, and B. Silverman. 1994. "SEMATECH and collabora- tive research: lessons in the design of high technology consortia." Journal of Policy Analysis and Management 13(4):723-758. Grossman, G. M., and E. Helpman. 1994. "Endogenous innovation in the theory of growth." The Journal of Economic Perspectives 8(1):23-44. Guidolin, M., and C. Mortarino. 2010. "Cross-country diffusion of photovoltaic systems: modelling choices and forecasts for national adoption pat- terns." Technological Forecasting and Social Change 77(2):279-296. Gulbranson, C. A., and D. B. Audretsch. 2008. "Proof of Concept Centers: Ac- celerating the Commercialization of University Innovation." Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation. January. Hall, B. 2002. "The assessment: technology policy." Oxford Review of Econom- ic Policy 18(1):1-9. Hall, B. 2004. "University-Industry Research Partnerships in the United States." Kansai Symposium Report. February. Hamilton, Gregory L., and Teresa A. McLendon. 2006. Closing the Gap: An Examination and Analysis of Per Capita Personal Income in Arkansas. August. Little Rock: University of Arkansas at Little Rock. Harbour, K. 2011. "WV Biometrics: Fertile Ground for Innovation." Charleston, WV: West Virginia Department of Commerce. Harris, William C. 2010. "Innovation lessons from Ireland." Research- Technology Management 53(1):35-39. Hill, Edward et al. 2012. "Economic Shocks and Regional Economic Resili- ence." Pages 193-274 in M. Weir, N. Pindus, H. Wial and H. Wolman, eds. Urban and Regional Policy and Its Effects, vol. 4: Building Resili- ent Regions. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press.

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APPENDIX C 159 Ho, Giang, and Anthony Pennington-Cross. 2005. "Fayetteville and Hot Springs Lead the Recovery in Employment." The Regional Economist October. Hodges, Curt. 2011. "Beckmann Volmer Breaks Ground on Osceola Plant." Paragould Daily Press September 14. Hu, Z. 2006. "IPR Policies in China: Challenges and Directions." Presentation at Industrial Innovation in China. Levin Institute Conference. July 24-26. Hughes, K. 2005. Building the Next American Century: The Past and Future of American Economic Competitiveness. Washington, DC: Woodrow Wilson Center Press. Hughes, K. 2005. "Facing the global competitiveness challenge." Issues in Sci- ence and Technology XXI(4):72-78. Jaffe, A., J. Lerner, and S. Stern, eds. 2003. Innovation Policy and the Economy, Vol. 3. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Janssen, M. A., R. Holahan, A. Lee, and E. Ostrom. 2010. "Lab Experiments for the Study of Social-Ecological Systems." Science 328(5978):613-617. April. Jaruzelski, B., and K. Dehoff. 2008. "Beyond borders: The global innovation 1000." Strategy and Business 53(Winter). Jasanoff, S., ed. 1997. Comparative Science and Technology Policy. Elgar Ref- erence Collection. International Library of Comparative Public Policy, Vol. 5. Cheltenham, UK, and Lyme, NH: Edward Elgar. Jorgenson, D., and K. Stiroh. 2002. "Raising the speed limit: economic growth in the information age." In National Research Council. 2002. Measur- ing and Sustaining the New Economy. Dale. W. Jorgenson and Charles. W. Wessner, eds. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. Joy, W. 2000. "Why the future does not need us." Wired 8(April). Kelly, K. 1992. "Hot Spots." BusinessWeek October 19. Kim, Y. 2006. "A Korean Perspective on China's Innovation System." Presenta- tion at Industrial Innovation in China. Levin Institute Conference. July 24-26. Koschatzky, K. 2003. "The regionalization of innovation policy: new options for regional change?" In G. Fuchs and P. Shapira, eds. Rethinking Regional Innovation: Path Dependency or Regional Breakthrough? London: Kluwer. Krueger, A. O. "Globalization and International Locational Competition." Sym- posium in Honor of Herbert Giersch. Lecture delivered at the Keil In- stitute. May 11, 2006. Kuhlmann, S., and J. Edler. 2003. "Scenarios of technology and innovation poli- cies in Europe: investigating future governance--group of 3." Techno- logical Forecasting & Social Change 70. Lall, S. 2002. "Linking FDI and technology development for capacity building and strategic competitiveness." Transnational Corporations 11(3):39- 88.

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160 BUILDING THE ARKANSAS INNOVATION ECONOMY Lancaster, R. R., and M. J. Berndt. 1984. "Alternative energy development in the USA: the effectiveness of state government incentives." Energy Policy 12(2):170-179. Laredo, P., and P. Mustar, eds. 2001. Research and Innovation Policies in the New Global Economy: An International Perspective. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar. Lee, Y. S. 2000. "The Sustainability of University-Industry Research Collabora- tion. The Journal of Technology Transfer 25(2). Lerner, J. 1999. "Public venture capital." In National Research Council. The Small Business Innovation Program: Challenges and Opportunities. Charles. W. Wessner, ed. Washington, DC: National Academy Press. Leslie, S. 1993. The Cold War and American Science: The Military-Industrial- Academic Complex at MIT and Stanford. New York: Columbia Univer- sity Press. Lewis, J. 2005. Waiting for Sputnik: Basic Research and Strategic Competition. Washington, DC: Center for Strategic and International Studies. Lin, O. 1998. "Science and technology policy and its influence on the economic development of Taiwan." In H. S. Rowen, ed. Behind East Asian Growth: The Political and Social Foundations of Prosperity. London and New York: Routledge. Link, A. N. 1995. A Generosity of Spirit: The Early History of the Research Triangle Park. Research Triangle Park: The Research Triangle Founda- tion of North Carolina. Litan, R. E., L. Mitchell, and E. J. Reedy. 2007. "Commercializing University Innovations: Alternative Approaches." Boston: National Bureau of Economic Research. Working paper JEL No. O18, M13, 033, 034, 038. Litan, R. E., L. Mitchell, and E. J. Reedy. 2007. "The University as Innovator: Bumps in the Road." Issues in Science and Technology Summer:57-66. Lucas, R. "On the mechanics of economic development." Journal of Military Economics 22:38-39. Luger, M. 2001. "Introduction: information technology and regional economic development." Journal of Comparative Policy Analysis: Research & Practice. Luger, M., and H. A. Goldstein. 1991. Technology in the Garden. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press. Luger, M., and H. A. Goldstein. 2006. Research Parks Redux: The Changing Landscape of the Garden. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Commerce. Lundvall, B., ed. 1992. National Innovation Systems: Towards a Theory of Innovation and Interactive Learning. London: Pinter. Luther, J. 2008. "Renewable Energy Development in Germany." Presentation at the NRC Christine Mirzayan Fellows Seminar. March 5, 2008. Wash- ington, DC.

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APPENDIX C 161 Maddison, A., and D. Johnston. 2001. The World Economy: A Millennial Per- spective. Paris: Organization for Economic Co-operation and Devel- opment. Mani, S. 2004. "Government, innovation and technology policy: an international comparative analysis." International Journal of Technology and Glob- alization 1(1). Manufacturers' News. 2011. "Industrial Jobs in Arkansas Declined 1.5% Over Last Year." October 31. Marshall, A. 1890. Principles of Economics. London: MacMillan & Company. McKibben, W. 2003. Enough: Staying Human in an Engineered Age. New York: Henry Holt & Co. McKinsey and Company. 2010 "Energy Efficiency, A Compelling Global Re- source." McKinsey and Company. Melissaratos, A., and N. J. Slabbert. 2009. Innovation: The Key to Prosperity-- Technology and America's Role in the 21st Century Global Economy. Washington, DC: Montagu House. Mendonca, M. 2007. Feed-in Tariffs: Accelerating the Development of Renewa- ble Energy. London: Earthscan. Meyer-Krahmer, F. 2001. "Industrial innovation and sustainability--conflicts and coherence." In D. Archibugi and B. Lundvall, eds. The Globalizing Learning Economy. New York: Oxford University Press. Meyer-Krahmer, F. 2001. "The German innovation system." In P. Lardo and P. Mustar, eds. Research and Innovation Policies in the New Global Economy: An International Comparative Analysis. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar. Mills, K. G., E. B. Reynolds, and A. Reamer. 2008. Clusters and Competitive- ness: A New Federal Role for Stimulating Regional Economies. Wash- ington, DC: Brookings. Moore, G. 2003. "The SEMATECH contribution." In National Research Coun- cil. Securing the Future: Regional and National Programs to Support the Semiconductor Industry. Charles. W. Wessner, ed. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. Moselle, B., J. Padilla, and R. Schmalensee. 2010. Harnessing Renewable En- ergy in Electric Power Systems: Theory, Practice Policy. Washington, DC: RFF Press. Mufson, S. 2009. "Asian nations could outpace U.S. in developing clean ener- gy." Washington Post July 16. Murphy, L. M., and P. L. Edwards. 2003. Bridging the Valley of Death: Transi- tioning from Public to Private Sector Financing. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory. May. Mustar, P., and P. Laredo. 2002. "Innovation and research policy in France (1980-2000) or the disappearance of the Colbertist state." Research Policy 31:55-72.

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162 BUILDING THE ARKANSAS INNOVATION ECONOMY National Academy of Engineering. 2004. The Engineer of 2020: Visions of En- gineering in the New Century. Washington, DC: The National Acade- mies Press. National Academy of Engineering. 2008. Grand Challenges for Engineering. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. National Academy of Sciences. 2010. Electricity from Renewable Sources: Sta- tus, Prospects, and Impediments. Washington, DC: The National Acad- emies Press. National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering, and Institute of Medicine. 2007. Rising Above the Gathering Storm: Energizing and Employing America for a Brighter Economic Future. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering, and National Research Council. 2009. America's Energy Future: Technology and Transformation. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering, and National Research Council. 2009. Real Prospects for Energy Efficiency in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. National Economic Council and Office of Science and Technology Policy. 2009. "A Strategy for American Innovation: Driving Towards Sustainable Growth and Quality Jobs." Washington, DC: Executive Office of the President. September. National Governors' Association. 2007. Innovation America. Washington, DC: National Governors' Association. National Institute of Standards and Technology. 2010. "NIST Manufacturing Extension Partnership Awards $9.1 Million for 22 Projects to Enhance U.S. Manufacturers' Global Competitiveness." Gaithersburg, MD: Na- tional Institute of Standards and Technology. October 5. National Research Council. 1996. Conflict and Cooperation in National Com- petition for High-Technology Industry. Washington, DC: National Academy Press. National Research Council. 1999. The Advanced Technology Program: Chal- lenges and Opportunities. Charles. W. Wessner, ed. Washington, DC: National Academy Press. National Research Council. 1999. Funding a Revolution: Government Support for Computing Research. Washington, DC: National Academy Press. National Research Council. 1999. Industry-Laboratory Partnerships: A Review of the Sandia Science and Technology Park Initiative. Charles. W. Wessner, ed. Washington, DC: National Academy Press. National Research Council. 1999. New Vistas in Transatlantic Science and Technology Cooperation. Charles. W. Wessner, ed. Washington, DC: National Academy Press. National Research Council. 1999. The Small Business Innovation Research Pro- gram: Challenges and Opportunities. Charles. W. Wessner, ed. Wash- ington, DC: National Academy Press.

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APPENDIX C 163 National Research Council. 1999. U.S. Industry in 2000: Studies in Competitive Performance. D. C. Mowery, ed. Washington, DC: National Academy Press. National Research Council. 2000. The Small Business Innovation Research Pro- gram: A Review of the Department of Defense Fast Track Initiative. Charles. W. Wessner, ed. Washington, DC: National Academy Press. National Research Council. 2001. A Review of the New Initiatives at the NASA Ames Research Center. Charles. W. Wessner, ed. Washington, DC: Na- tional Academy Press. National Research Council. 2001. Building a Workforce for the Information Economy. Washington, DC: National Academy Press. National Research Council. 2001. Capitalizing on New Needs and New Oppor- tunities: Government-Industry Partnerships in Biotechnology and In- formation Technologies. Charles. W. Wessner, ed. Washington, DC: National Academy Press. National Research Council. 2001. The Advanced Technology Program: As- sessing Outcomes. Charles. W. Wessner, ed. Washington, DC: Nation- al Academy Press. National Research Council. 2001. Trends in Federal Support of Research and Graduate Education. S. A. Merrill, ed. Washington, DC: National Academy Press. National Research Council. 2002. Partnerships for Solid-State Lighting. Charles. W. Wessner, ed. Washington, DC: National Academy Press. National Research Council. 2003. Government-Industry Partnerships for the Development of New Technologies: Summary Report. Charles. W. Wessner, ed. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. National Research Council. 2003. Securing the Future: Regional and National Programs to Support the Semiconductor Industry. Charles. W. Wessner, ed. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. National Research Council. 2003. Understanding Climate Change Feedbacks. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. National Research Council. 2004. Productivity and Cyclicality in Semiconduc- tors: Trends, Implications, and Questions. Dale W. Jorgenson and Charles. W. Wessner, eds. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. National Research Council. 2004. The Small Business Innovation Research Pro- gram: Program Diversity and Assessment Challenges. Charles. W. Wessner, ed. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. National Research Council. 2005. Deconstructing the Computer. Dale W. Jorgenson and Charles. W. Wessner, eds. Washington, DC: The Na- tional Academies Press. National Research Council. 2005. Getting Up to Speed: The Future of Super- conducting. S. L. Graham, M. Snir, and C. A. Patterson, eds. Washing- ton, DC: The National Academies Press.

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164 BUILDING THE ARKANSAS INNOVATION ECONOMY National Research Council. 2005. Policy Implications of International Graduate Students and Postdoctoral Scholars in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. National Research Council. 2006. Software, Growth, and the Future of the U.S. Economy. Dale W. Jorgenson and Charles. W. Wessner, eds. Washing- ton, DC: The National Academies Press. National Research Council. 2006. The Telecommunications Challenge: Chang- ing Technologies and Evolving Policies. Charles. W. Wessner, ed. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. National Research Council. 2007. Enhancing Productivity Growth in the Infor- mation Age: Measuring and Sustaining the New Economy. Dale. W. Jorgenson and Charles. W. Wessner, eds. Washington, DC: The Na- tional Academies Press. National Research Council. 2007. Innovation Policies for the 21st Century. Charles. W. Wessner, ed. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. National Research Council. 2007. India's Changing Innovation System: Achievements, Challenges, and Opportunities for Cooperation. Charles. W. Wessner and Sujai. J. Shivakumar, eds. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. National Research Council. 2007. SBIR and the Phase III Challenge of Com- mercialization. Charles. W. Wessner, ed. Washington, DC: The Na- tional Academies Press. National Research Council. 2008. An Assessment of the Small Business Innova- tion Research Program. Charles. W. Wessner, ed. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. National Research Council. 2008. An Assessment of the Small Business Innova- tion Research Program at the Department of Energy. Charles. W. Wessner, ed. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. National Research Council. 2008. An Assessment of the Small Business Innova- tion Research Program at the National Science Foundation. Charles. W. Wessner, ed. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. National Research Council. 2008. Innovative Flanders: Innovation Policies for the 21st Century. Charles. W. Wessner, ed. Washington, DC: The Na- tional Academies Press. National Research Council. 2008. Innovation in Global Industries: U.S. Firms Competing in a New World. J. Macher and D. Mowery, eds. Washing- ton, DC: The National Academies Press. National Research Council. 2008. The National Academies Summit on America's Energy Future: Summary of a Meeting. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. National Research Council. 2009. 21st Century Innovation Systems for Japan and the United States: Lessons from a Decade of Change. S. Nagaoka, M. Kondo, K. Flamm, and C. Wessner, eds. Washington, DC: The Na- tional Academies Press.

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APPENDIX C 165 National Research Council. 2009. An Assessment of the Small Business Innova- tion Research Program at the Department of Defense. Charles. W. Wessner, ed. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. National Research Council. 2009. An Assessment of the Small Business Innova- tion Research Program at the National Aeronautics and Space Admin- istration. Charles. W. Wessner, ed. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. National Research Council. 2009. An Assessment of the Small Business Innova- tion Research Program at the National Institutes of Health. Charles. W. Wessner, ed. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. National Research Council. 2009. Hidden Costs of Energy: Unpriced Conse- quences of Energy Production and Use. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. National Research Council. 2009. Revisiting the Department of Defense SBIR Fast Track Initiative. Charles. W. Wessner, ed. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. National Research Council. 2009. Understanding Research, Science and Tech- nology Parks: Global Best Practices. Charles. W. Wessner, ed. Wash- ington, DC: The National Academies Press. National Research Council. 2009. Venture Funding and the NIH SBIR Pro- gram. Charles. W. Wessner, ed. Washington, DC: The National Acad- emies Press. National Research Council. 2010. Managing University Intellectual Property in the Public Interest. Stephen Merrill and Anne-Marie Mazza, eds., Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. National Research Council. 2011. Building the 21st Century: U.S.-China Co- operation on Science, Technology, and Innovation. Charles. W. Wessner, rapporteur. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. National Research Council. 2011. Growing Innovation Clusters for American Prosperity, Charles W. Wessner, rapporteur, Washington, DC: The Na- tional Academies Press. National Research Council. 2011. The Future of Photovoltaics Manufacturing in the United States. Charles. W. Wessner, rapporteur. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. National Research Council. 2012. Building Hawaii's Innovation Economy. Charles. W. Wessner, rapporteur. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. National Research Council. 2012. Clustering for 21st Century Prosperity. Charles. W. Wessner, rapporteur. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. National Research Council. 2012. Meeting Global Challenges: German-U.S. Innovation Policy. Charles. W. Wessner, rapporteur. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

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166 BUILDING THE ARKANSAS INNOVATION ECONOMY National Research Council. 2012. Rising to the Challenge: U.S. Innovation Pol- icy for the Global Economy. Charles. W. Wessner and Alan Wm. Wolff, editors. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. National Research Council of Canada. 2008. State of the Nation 2008: Canada's Science, Technology, and Innovation System. Ottawa: Government of Canada. National Science Board. 2010. Science and Engineering Indicators 2010. Ar- lington, VA: National Science Foundation. Needham, J. 1954-1986. Science and Civilization in China (five volumes). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Nelson, R., and K. Nelson. 2002. "Technology, institutions, and innovation sys- tems." Research Policy 31:265-272. Nelson, R., and N. Rosenberg. 1993. "Technical innovation and national sys- tems." In R. R. Nelson, ed. National Innovation Systems: A Compara- tive Analysis. Oxford: Oxford University Press. North American Windpower. 2010. "Mitsubishi Breaks Ground on Nacelle Fa- cility in Arkansas." October 8. NWA Online. 2010. "Firm Building Jonesboro Plant to Get $22 Million Stimu- lus." January 11. O'Hara, M. P. 2005. Cities of Knowledge: Cold War Science and the Search for the Next Silicon Valley. Princeton: Princeton University Press. O'Reilly, Joseph. 2009. "Arkansas: A Natural Wonder." Inbound Logistics May. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. 1997. "National Innovation Systems." Paris: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. 2009. Main Science and Technology Indicators. Paris: Organisation for Economic Co- operation and Development. Orszag, P., and T. Kane. 2003. "Funding Restrictions at Public Universities: Effects and Policy Implications." Brookings Institution Working Paper. September. Oughton, C., M. Landabaso, and K. Morgan. 2002. "The regional innovation paradox: innovation policy and industrial policy." Journal of Technol- ogy Transfer 27(1). Palmintera, D. 2005. Accelerating Economic Development through University Technology Transfer. Reston, VA: Innovation Associates. Pavitt, K. 1998. "The Social Shaping of the National Science Base." Research Policy 27:793-805. Pezzini, M. 2003. "Cultivating Regional Development: Main Trends and Policy Challenges in OECD Regions." Paris: Organisation for Economic Co- operation and Development. Plastics News. 2011. "River Bend Gets Kosmo Work." November 7. Porter, M. E. 1990. The Competitive Advantage of Nations. New York: The Free Press.

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