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12 tions, park-and-ride lots, bus terminals, local bus stops, and other transit hubs. Lockers are designed to provide more secure bike storage. They tend to be used to store bikes overnight or during the daytime. Lockers are usually installed at major transit hubs. Racks take up less space and tend to allow easier access to parked bicycles (bicyclists typically use their own lock at bike racks, whereas bicyclists are often required to rent a key to access a bike locker). Racks are usually provided at many locations throughout a transit system. One agency reports that bike racks can be easier for station attendants to watch over than bike lockers. Staffed bicycle parking facilities offer convenient ser- vices to bicyclists, such as bicycle parking, repairs, rentals, FIGURE 3 Bicycle rack on the front of a bus--WinstonSalem restroom and changing facilities, and car sharing services. Transit Authority. (Source: Toole Design Group.) These facilities are often located at interfaces with major transit hubs so that bicyclists and transit users can easily move between modes. PURPOSES OF BICYCLE AND TRANSIT INTEGRATION PROGRAMS Although the transit agencies that provided information for this report offered a wide range of services, many agencies cited similar reasons for providing bicycle services. One of the primary reasons transit agencies chose to integrate bicy- cles and transit was to increase transit ridership. Agencies felt that their bicycle services could increase transit ridership by Extending the range that customers can travel to reach transit stops and stations, Increasing the flexibility that passengers have to reach destinations at the end of a transit trip, Providing "seamless" transportation between bicycle and transit modes, and Offering an additional amenity to customers that increases the attractiveness of transit. Transit agencies also suggested many other reasons for providing bicycle-related services including: Increasing the number of multimodal trips made in a community; Removing motor vehicles from roads and parking lots so that space can be used by others; Enhancing the quality of life in the community by reduc- ing air pollution and automobile traffic congestion; Increasing the visibility of bicycling as a viable trans- portation option; Improving the public image of transit to generate allies in the bicycling community who support additional tran- sit funding; Contributing to regional commuter assistance programs; FIGURE 4 Special rail car bike rack--Twin Cities Metro Providing an alternative for bicyclists so that they can Transit. (Source: Michael Jackson, Maryland DOT.) bypass areas that are barriers to bicycling, such as bridges,