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20 FIGURE 10 Front-mounted bus bicycle rack. (Source: Pinellas FIGURE 11 Front-mounted bus bicycle rack with space for Suncoast Transit Authority.) three bikes--Pinellas Suncoast Transit Authority. Many of the new bike racks were filled by three bikes within days of Over time, agencies have made adjustments to improve starting the program. The positive impact of the three-bike racks was their bicycle-on-bus services. Examples of these changes also demonstrated through the anecdotal evidence of fewer bicyclists being left behind by buses with full bike racks. With the additional capac- include: ity provided by the new racks, bicycle-on-bus boardings increased by approximately 8% over one year, from 39,862 in 2003 to 43,096 in 2004. Providing bus bike racks on additional types of buses and additional routes, Most of the buses were retrofitted with the three-bike racks by Changing from service in warm months only to year- PSTA's maintenance staff. However, the agency was able to pur- chase 10 new buses equipped with three-bike racks. round service, Making minor adjustments to the configuration of racks PSTA noted several challenges to operating buses with three-bike to make them easier for bicyclists to use, racks. These included a bus overhang area that was 10 cm (4 in.) Adding deployment indicator lights so that bus drivers greater than buses with the two-bike racks, and bikes with wide han- can tell when the rack is down (see the COTA case dlebars that on some buses interfered with the windshield wipers. The bicycle rack manufacturer helped PSTA overcome interference with study in chapter two), the windshield wipers by providing aluminum spacers and bolts that Removing fees or permit requirements for bringing bikes moved the bicycles a few inches farther from the bus. This adjustment on buses, and required less than 5 min of maintenance work per rack. PSTA noted that the three-bike racks are likely to be the highest-capacity racks that Removing requirements for bike-on-bus training courses. can be provided on its buses, given the practical limits of its system. TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS AND DESIGN Several of the responding agencies operate commuter bus systems that allow bicycle access. Although some commuter Although some transit agencies have manufactured their own buses are equipped with the same type of front-mounted bike bus bicycle racks [e.g., Mountain Express and Grand Valley racks as local buses, several allow bicycles to be stowed in Transit (Grand Junction, Colorado)], most agencies respond- luggage storage areas (see Table 4). ing to the survey use racks manufactured by private compa- TABLE 4 BICYCLE-ON-COMMUTER BUS SERVICE Type of Service Transit Agencies (Location) Front-mounted racks that can Central Florida Regional Transportation Authority (LYNX) hold two bicycles (Orlando, FL) Central Ohio Transit Authority (Columbus, OH) Regional Transportation District (RTD) (Denver, CO) Front-mounted racks that can Springs Transit (Colorado Springs, CO) hold three bicycles Bicycles stowed in AlamedaContra Costa Transit District (AC Transit) (Oakland, CA) luggage/baggage storage areas New Jersey Transit Corp. (NJ TRANSIT) (Newark, NJ) Regional Transportation District (RTD) (Denver, CO) Springs Transit (Colorado Springs, CO)