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30 FIGURE 22 Bikes are permitted in priority seating areas when not in use to accommodate group outings. (Source: Alta Planning and Design.) FIGURE 21 Improved bike racks on Portland MAX light rail. TriMet has eliminated restrictions on when bicyclists can use the system and eliminated permits. (Source: Alta Planning board rail transit, but spoke frequently to the issue of minor and Design.) property damage caused by bicycles. Rail transit providers have suffered minor damage, such as scratching, to their rail cars as a result of bicycle accommodation. Also, bicyclists number of hours that bicycles are allowed on trains. Initially only a have reported minor damage to their bicycles during use of weekend program, bicycles are now allowed on trains for all but 4 h on weekdays. Bicycles may be stored in the disabled accessible spaces bicycle-on-rail services. in each car, when not occupied by a customer with disabilities. Cyclists may also stand with their bikes near the doors or at either end of the Safety and security concerns may decrease as rail transit rail car. This flexibility allows cyclists to use whatever space is most appropriate during their trip (see Figure 24). operators gain experience in the processes of storing and transporting bicycles. Additionally, cyclists and regular tran- CTA stresses the importance of common sense and courtesy sit riders will benefit from increased knowledge of bicycle toward other customers when traveling with a bicycle. The bicycle-on- safety and security, which may result from adequate training, heavy-rail program serves a wide range of riders as they travel to var- ious locations, and works in conjunction with its Bikes on Bus program as discussed here. and indoor bicycle parking at rail stations. In pursuit of a fully function- ing multimodal service, CTA is currently retrofitting stations in a way that will make them more accessible to cyclists. CTA is also in the process of testing special stairway ramps that may be installed to aid RESTRICTIONS AND RULES cyclists in transporting their bicycles through transit stations. Restrictions on bicycle-on-rail service are often established to address the difficulty of maneuvering bicycles though SAFETY AND SECURITY crowded and confined environments, such as transit stations and rail cars. Although several rail transit providers, includ- The transit providers participating in this study reported no ing New York City Transit, NJ TRANSIT, and the San Diego serious safety or security issues with allowing bicycles on Metropolitan Transit System, simply state that bicycles are