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31 FIGURE 24 Chicago Transit Authority allows bicyclists to stand with their bikes near doors at either end of a rail car. permits have become much less common than they were 10 years ago). Age restrictions for bringing bicycles on tran- sit are based on the strength and level of maturity needed to maneuver and manage a bicycle on a rail car. Some rail tran- sit providers allow children to bring their bicycles on board when accompanied by an adult, as in the case of BART and the Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority, or when they have gone through the permitting process and their par- FIGURE 23 Increased frequency of Portland MAX light rail ent or guardian has signed a release of liability. operations in the central business district has helped add to bike capacity. (Source: Alta Planning and Design.) In addition, most light and heavy rail providers restrict the type of bicycle allowed, commonly prohibiting tandem and prohibited during "peak times," some providers, including recumbent bicycles, tricycles, or bicycles with wheels less RTD and British Columbia's TransLink, designate time win- than 41 cm (16 in.) in diameter. dows when cyclists cannot board with their bicycles. Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART) District and Los Angeles Met- TRAINING AND EDUCATION PROGRAMS ropolitan Transportation Authority have commute period bicycle restrictions, but only in the peak direction of travel. Additional training for transit operators and bicyclists can Prohibiting bicycles during these time periods allows more help transit providers accommodate bicycles more smoothly. commuters to ride trains with standing room only. The needs of bicyclists differ significantly from regular tran- sit patrons, and some transit providers prepare their opera- Because of the finite amount of space in each rail car, tors through supplemental training programs. Conductors at some transit providers also limit the number of bicycles the Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority are allowed in a rail car at one time. For example, only two bicy- given specific information regarding the number of bicyclists clists are allowed aboard each Washington Metropolitan allowed on each train at a given time. TransLink reported that Area Transit Authority rail car on weekdays, whereas four education has alleviated some of the original resistance to bicyclists are allowed on board on weekends. Rail transit bicycle service implementation. Some rail transit providers providers may also designate specific rail cars for bicycle specifically train their security personnel to be able to address use. For example, the BART system allows bicycles on all bicycle issues and assist bicyclists with navigating through but the first car of the train. the system. Many of the rail providers surveyed also provide their bicycling customers with brochures and website infor- The number of bicyclists using rail transit may be restricted mation outlining the rules and regulations regarding bicycles by age requirements or through a permitting process (although on transit.