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32 CHAPTER FIVE INTEGRATION OF BICYCLES WITH OTHER PUBLIC TRANSIT SERVICES Although bicycles are most commonly accommodated on location, in most cases a single workplace. Vanpool riders must buses and trains, transit agencies have also found ways to travel at least 24 km (15 mi) to work, are required to have a group of at least four to join the program, and must have a group of six integrate bicycles with other public transit services, includ- within 3 months to sustain the vanpool. Riders are expected to meet ing ferries, vanpools, on-demand transit, and mountain tran- in a single location for pickup. The RTD and Council of Govern- sit systems. ments provide the van, fuel, and maintenance. Vanpool patrons pay a monthly fee ranging from $35 to $105. There is no additional fee for transporting bicycles. BICYCLES ON FERRIES Vans feature racks that can accommodate two bicycles at a time. The vans are easily outfitted with racks because they are standard The opportunity to bring bicycles on board ferries allows passenger vans that can use generic automobile bicycle racks (see ferry passengers with bikes to reach destinations that are too Figure 26). Vanpool destinations often accommodate bicycle com- muters with long-term bicycle parking, such as the lockers shown in far from ferry terminals to reach by walking. In Washington the background of the figure. State and British Columbia, ferry service has long been an essential form of transportation owing to the physical geog- raphy of the region. BICYCLES ON MOUNTAIN TRANSIT SYSTEMS Mountain transit systems typically serve a greater number of Bicycles on Ferry Transit recreational users than do urban or suburban transit systems. Washington State Ferries--Seattle, Washington In regions where recreational trails abound, transit riders may use transit to travel between different trail segments or Washington State Ferries registers more than 200,000 bicycle round- to access trail heads that are some distance from their home trips per year. There is a surcharge for bringing a bicycle on most ferry routes (between $0.50 and $6.00, depending on the route dis- (or local accommodation). Some mountain transit systems tance and time of day). However, the surcharge is waived if a bicyclist provide busbicycle racks for people participating in moun- has purchased a permit for $20. Permits can be obtained by regis- tering a bicycle on-line or by mail. Each ferry stores bicycles and tain biking at ski resorts during the summer season. Not only motor vehicles in close quarters, which has been a challenge for the can riders take their bicycles on mountain transit vehicles, ferry system (see Figure 25). Minor scratching of both bicycles and but riders may also bring their bicycles aboard gondolas and cars led to a change in loading policy. The revised policy allows bicy- clists to board and disembark the ferry ahead of cars. chairlifts. BICYCLES ON VANPOOLS Accommodating bicycles on vanpool vehicles is another way for transit agencies to provide bicycle services to their cus- tomers. Vans can often use generic car bike racks, which do not require customization. A vanpool, which is often used for commuter purposes, can efficiently extend the reach of its service by carrying bicycles. Commuters can ride to the van- pool meeting places and then from the vanpool destination to their specific place of employment. Bicycles on Vanpool Vehicles Regional Transportation District/Denver Regional Council of Governments--Denver, Colorado The RTD (transit agency) and the Denver Regional Council of Gov- ernments (metropolitan planning organization) initiated a bicycle- FIGURE 25 Bicycle on ferry--Washington State Ferries. on-vanpool program in 2002. Vanpool services are provided (Source: Rita Robinson, Department of Community, Trade and primarily for groups of commuters traveling together to a similar Economic Development.)