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37 (250 ft) from light rail platforms and other passenger loading areas, where possible, or converted to the lease program if inside 76 m (250 ft). Agencies also reported that they design bike parking so that it does not interfere with station circulation and is com- pliant with Americans with Disability Act regulations. Visalia City Coach requires all bicycles to be parked in bike racks, not next to pillars, posts, or benches. This helps reduce clut- ter in transit access areas. Bicycles that are parked in bicy- (a) cle racks for more than 24 h are impounded by the police department. In general, there are few regulations related to bike parking, with the exception of bicycle locker permits. Most agencies require fees to obtain permits for using bicycle lockers, although some are experimenting with first-come, first-served lockers (see RTD case study in this chapter). Examples of agencies charging fees are shown in Table 11. To obtain permits, agencies require bicyclists to do one of the following: (b) FIGURE 32 Before (a) and after (b) views of proposed high- Visit a customer service center or sales outlet, capacity bicycle parking facility at Sox/35th Street Station in Contact the local bicycle organization, Chicago. Mail in an application, or See a station attendant. Although this type of bicycle parking differs from staffed bicycle parking, it will help meet high levels of demand for bicycle storage Bicycle theft was reported to be only a minor problem by with minimal operating costs. The high-capacity bicycle parking facil- ities are designed to take advantage of vertical space--bikes are several agencies. More agencies cited problems with theft parked on two separate levels, one on top of the other. Each bicycle and damage to bicycles parked at bicycle racks than for those parking facility will accommodate between 40 and 120 bicycles. stored in bicycle lockers. Damage to the actual bicycle rack and locker facilities was also viewed as only a minor prob- CTA conducted a study to identify transit stations with the poten- tial to serve the most bicyclists and used the results to determine the lem by most of the agencies. Most agencies have "park at first locations for high-capacity bicycle parking. This study considered your own risk" policies. such factors as existing demand for bicycle parking, rail ridership lev- els, pedestrian and bicycle infrastructure, bus service, and potential land use development in the area surrounding the station. Although Bicycle Locker Program the high-capacity facilities help to meet an increasing demand for bike- to-transit services, they are also highly visible facilities that help adver- Regional Transportation District-- tise the rail system to potential bicycle customers. Denver, Colorado The high-capacity bicycle parking facilities are part of a broader RTD has a total of 550 lockers located at light rail stations, park-and- effort by CTA to incorporate bike parking into all new construction rides, and transit hubs throughout the Denver region (see Figure 33). projects. CTA currently has indoor bicycle parking at 56 stations. In general, the bicycle locker program has been successful at pro- viding long-term, secure parking for bicyclists. SAFETY AND SECURITY TABLE 11 Several agencies cited concerns about bicycle lockers being EXAMPLES OF BICYCLE LOCKER FEES used as receptacles for trash, a potential place to hide explo- Transit Agency (Location) Description of Fee sives, or as a shelter for people who are homeless. Most cur- King County Metro Transit $25 refundable deposit rent bicycle locker designs do not allow people to see inside. (Seattle, WA) Regional Transportation District (RTD) $20 one-time charge To address this concern, TriMet retrofitted its bike lockers so (Denver, CO) that security personnel could see into them (this was done Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation $25 refundable deposit with care to maintain the structural integrity of the lockers). Authority (Philadelphia, PA) All new lockers must have perforated panels that allow peo- TransLink $10 per month ple to see the contents of the locker. To meet the requirements (Greater Vancouver, British Columbia) of a federal DHS directive, RTD has established a policy TriMet $50 refundable deposit requiring first-come, first-served bicycle lockers to be 76 m (Portland, OR)