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39 and transit information, and a variety of other support ser- vices. The first staffed bicycle parking facility in the United States was opened in Long Beach, California. A number of other communities throughout North America have either already developed or are in the process of planning for new staffed bicycle parking facilities. Individual staffed bicycle parking facilities are typically developed by franchises (either nonprofit or for-profit), and are membership-based. Construction costs can vary widely (reported costs were between $75,000 and $3.1 million), depending on the site characteristics, size of the facility, and the bicycle services that are offered. Sustaining a bike station typically requires subsidies ranging from $50,000 to $100,000 per year. FIGURE 35 New bike station under construction for Bikestation Staffed bicycle parking is most likely to be successful when Long Beach. it is located on the same site or adjacent to transit. This close proximity reduces the amount of walking time customers need to make the transition between bicycling and transit. designed to serve bicyclists with a greater need for short-term parking (less than 24 h) than long-term parking, such as commuters. This type of arrangement may result in greater Staffed Bicycle Parking use of the bike locker facilities. Bikestation Long Beach--Long Beach, California Agencies are making bike parking services more conve- Located on a transit mall, Bikestation Long Beach links more than 30 nient in several other ways. These improvements include: mi of bicycle paths to light rail, buses, and shuttles. Bikestation Long Beach is a staffed facility offering secure bicycle parking, repairs, rentals, changing and restrooms, and other transit services, such as Moving bike racks and lockers to locations that are car share. Bikestation Long Beach offers secure parking to members more visible to potential users; 24 h a day, 7 days a week. Bikestation Long Beach is operated by a nonprofit organization that provides information and support to each Moving bike racks to locations that are more convenient facility location. Bikestation Long Beach was the first staffed bicycle to other services, such as customer service windows; parking facility in the United States. A new Bikestation Long Beach Improving signage to let transit passengers know the is being constructed across from the current station and will cost approximately $400,000 (see Figure 35). The costs of other staffed process for renting bicycle lockers; and bicycle parking facilities vary depending on total size, location, and Advertising bicycle parking services in local bicycle number of amenities. publications. DEVELOPMENTS IN BICYCLE PARKING The Puget Sound Regional Council undertook a Regional SERVICES Bike Stations Project to help transit agencies make better- informed decisions about how to accommodate bicycles at Transit agencies continue to improve bicycle parking ser- transit stations and park-and-ride lots. It included a method- vices. Most existing bicycle locker programs require bicy- ology to estimate bicycle demand for specific transit loca- clists to rent or lease specific lockers. RTD, the Central tions, examined the feasibility of developing bike stations at Florida Regional Transportation Authority, and TriMet are four specific locations, provided design guidelines for accom- experimenting with first-come, first-served bicycle locker pro- modating different amounts of bike parking, and developed grams at light rail stations. This new type of program allows a marketing plan to promote the use of bike-and-ride services lockers to remain unlocked until someone uses one, and is throughout the region (32).