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19 fic engineer, project manager, and planning manager. A Pennsylvania, South Carolina, and Virginia) (27%) also use number of responding agencies indicated that other indi- negotiation. Figure 9 shows the percentage of agencies viduals not covered by these titles are also in charge of the responding to each technique. acquisition of access rights. In Oregon, a Project Develop- ment Team is responsible for ensuring that access rights The access required for a particular property, and there- are acquired. The responsibility for acquiring the access fore the value of the access to that property, depends on the belongs to the Right-of-Way section at the Oregon DOT. In land use. Netherton stated in the book, Control of Highway other states, such as Washington, the Access Unit is respon- Access, that the courts and legislation have little background sible for ensuring the acquisition of access rights. on the data relating to this aspect of land use and therefore rely on valuation without taking into account compensation policies and concepts (2). FACTORS IN VALUATION AND NEGOTIATION Different land uses have vastly different access needs. When required to pay for access rights, nearly all responding Netherton noted that the major categories of land uses generally agencies noted that they use an appraisal to determine the are farmland, suburban residential areas, urban residential areas, value of the access. Nine of the responding agencies (Col- industrial sites, institutional sites, commercial neighborhood orado, Florida, Louisiana, Missouri, Montana, New Jersey, establishments, and highway commercial establishments (2).