Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.
Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.
OCR for page 224
References Alexander, R. H. 1987. Recent developments in digital map data bases and geographic information systems (GIS) as they may apply to earthquake loss estimation. Synopsis of presentation to the Earthquake Loss Estimation Panel, January 8, 1987, National Research Council, Washington, D.C. Alfors, J. T., J. L. Burnett, and T. E. Gay, Jr. 1973. Urban Geology Master Plan For California: The Nature, Magnitude, and Costs of Geologic Hazards in California and Recommendations for Their Mitigation. Sacramento: California Division of Mines and Geology. Algermissen, S. T., and K. V. Steinbrugge. 1984. Seismic hazard and risk assessment: Some case studier. The Geneva Papers on Risk and Insurance, vol. 9, no. 30, January 1984. Algermissen, S. T., M. Hopper, K. Campbell, W. A. Rinehart, D. Perkins, K. V. Steinbrugge, H. J. Lagorio, D. F. Moran, L. S. Cluff, H. J. Degenkolb, C. M. Duke, G. O. Gates, N. N. Jacobson, R. A. Olson, and C. R. Allen. 1973. A Study of Earthquake Losses in the Los Angeles California Area. Washington, D.C.: Federal Disaster Assistance Administration. Algermissen, S. T., W. A. Rinehart, J. Dewey, K. V. Steinbrugge, H. J. Degenkolb, L. S. CluE, F. E. McClure, and R. F. Gordon. 1972. A Study of Earthquake Losses in the San Francisco Bay Area: Data and Analysis. Washington, D.C.: Office of Emergency Preparedness, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). Allen and Hoshall, Jack R. Benjamin and Associates, Inc., and Systan, Inc. 1985. An Assessment of Damage and Casualties for Six Cities in the Central United States Resulting from Earthquakes in the New Madrid Seismic Zone. Washington, D.C.: Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). 224
OCR for page 225
225 American Society for Photgrammetry and Remote Sensing (ASPRS). 1987. GIS 1987, San Francisco, California: Second International Annual Confer- ence, Exhibits and Workshops on Geographic Information Systems. Two Volumes. Falls Church, Va.: ASPRS. Anderson, L. R., J. R. Keaton, J. E. Spitzley, and A. C. Allen. 1986. Liquefaction Potential Map for Salt Lake County, Utah. Final report to the U.S. Geological Survey by Utah State University, Logan. Contract No. 14-08- 0001-19910. Applied Technology Council (ATC). 1985. Earthquake Damage Evaluation Data for California (ATC-13~. Redwood City, Calif.: ATC. Arnold, C. 1985. Damage estimates as a basis for urban earthquake disaster policy and planning. In Proceedings of the U.S.-Japan Workshop on Urban Earthquake Hazards Reduction. E1 Cerrito, Calif.: Earthquake Engineering Research Institute (EERI). Arnold, C., and R. K. Eisner. 1984. Planning Information for Earthquake Hazard Response and Reduction. San Mateo, Calif.: Building Systems Development, Inc. Bills, N. L., and A. Barr. 1968. An input-output analysis of the Upper South Branch Valley of West Virginia. West Virginia Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletin 568T (June). Boissonade, A., and H. Shah. 1982. Earthquake Damage and Loss Estima- tion: Review of Available Methods. Stanford University, John A. Blume Earthquake Engineering Center. Boisvert, R. N., and N. L. Bills. 1976. Non-Survey Technique for Regional I-O Models. A.E. Res. 76-19. Ithaca, N.Y.: Department of Agricultural Economics, Cornell University. Brabb, E. 1985. Analyzing and Portraying Geologic, Cartographic and Hydro- logic Information for Land Use Planning and Decisionmaking. Menlo Park, Calif.: U.S. Geological Survey (USGS). Building Seismic Safety Council. 1987. Abatement of Seismic Hazards to Life- lines: Proceedings of a Workshop on Development of an Action Plan. Washington, D.C.: Building Seismic Safety Council. California Department of Insurance. 1985. California Earthquake Zoning and Probable Maximum Loss Evaluation Program. Sacramento: California Department of Insurance. California Division of Mines and Geology. In progress. A Study of the Impact of a Major Earthquake on the Newport-Inglewood Fault Zone in the Los Angeles Area. Sacramento: California Division of Mines and Geology. Chelapati, C. V., S. K. Takahashi, and T. K. Lew. 1978. Earthquake Hazard Reduction Program, North Island Naval Air Station. San Diego, Calif.: Naval Facilities Engineering Command. Cities of E1 Cerrito, Richmond, and San Pablo. 1973. Tri-Cities Seismic Safety and Environmental Resources Study. E1 Cerrito, Calif.: City of E1 Cerrito. City of Long Beach. 1977. Subdivision 80 of the Long Beach Municipal Code: Earthquake Hazard Regulations for Rehabilitation of Existing Structures Within the City. Long Beach, Calif.: City of Long Beach. Cochrane, H. 1984. Book review of A. Sorkin, Economic Aspects of Natural Hazards, 1982. American Journal of Agricultural Economics 66:114. Cooper, J. D., ed. 1984. Proceedings of a Symposium on Lifeline Earthquake Engineering: Performance, Design, and Construction. New York: American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE).
OCR for page 226
226 Culver, C. G., H. S. Lew, G. C. Hart, and C. W. Pinkham. 1975. Natural Hazards Evaluation of Existing Buildings. Washington, D.C.: National Bureau of Standards. Davis, J. F., J. H. Bennett, G. A. Borchardt, J. E. Kahle, S. J. Rice, and M. A. Silva. 1982a. Earthquake Planning Scenario for a Magnitude 8.3 Earthquake on the San Andreas Fault in Southern California. Special Publication 60. Sacremento: California Division of Mines and Geology. Davis, J. F., J. H. Bennett, G. A. Borcherdt, J. E. Kahle, S. J. Rice, and M. A. Silva. 1982b. Earthquake Planning Scenario for a Magnitude 8.3 Earthquake on the San Andreas Fault in the San E`rancisco Bay Area. Special Publication 61. Sacramento: California Division of Mines and Geology. Degenkolb, H. J. 1984. Summary Report of Structural Hazards and Damage Patterns: Pre-Earthquake Planning For Post-Earthquake Rebuilding. San Francisco, Calif.: H. J. Degenkolb Associates. Degenkolb, H. J. 1986. Notes prepared for the Panel on Earthquake Loss Estimation, May 28-29, 1986. Washington, D.C.: National Academy of Sciences. Duke, C. M., and D. F. Moran. 1972. Earthquakes and city lifelines. San Fernando Earthquake of February 9, 1971 and Public Policy. Sacramento: Joint Committee on Seismic Safety for the California Legislature. Earthquake Engineering Research Institute (EERI). 1977. Learning from Earth- quakes: Planning and Field Guides. Appendix III-A. Berkeley, Calif.: EERI. EERI. 1984. Proceedings of the Eighth World Conference on Earthquake Engi- neering. E1 Cerrito, Calif.: EERI. Eguchi, R. T. 1984. Seismic risk and decision analysis of lifeline systems. In J. D. Cooper, ea., Proceedings of a Symposium on Lifeline Earthquake Engineering: Performance, Design, and Construction. New York: ASCE. EQE, Inc. 1985. An Earthquake Loss-Prediction Methodology for High-Technol- ogy Industries. San Francisco, Calif.: EQE, Inc. Evans, D., and C. Arnold. 1986. Earthquake recovery: A triage approach to the physical reconstruction of housing. Proceedings of the Third U.S. National Conference on Earthquake Engineering. E1 Cerrito, Calif.: EERI. Evernden, J. F., end M. Thomson. 1985. Predicting seismicintensities. J. I. Ziony, ea., Evaluating Earthquake Hazards in the Los Angeles Region An Earth-Science Perspective. USGS Professional Paper 1360. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office. Executive Office of the President. 1972. Standard Industrial Classification Man- ual. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office. Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). 1985a. National Multihazard Survey Instructions (TR-84~. Washington, D.C.: FEMA. FEhLA. 1985b. Data Base Catalog. Washington, D.C.: FEMA. Finefrock, J. A. 1980. Quake-prone buildings and city inaction. San Francisco Sunday Examiner and Chronicle, February 3. Freeman, J. R. 1932. Earthquake Damage and Earthquake Insurance: Studies of A Rational Basis for Earthquake Insurance. Also, Studie~ of Engineering Data For Earthquake-Resisting Construction. New York: McGraw-Hill. Gauchat, U. P., and D. L. Schodek. 1984. Patterns of Housing Type and Density: A Basis for Analyzing Earthquake Resistance. Department of Architecture. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University.
OCR for page 227
227 Gulliver, R. 1986. Estimation of Homeless Caseload for Disaster Assistance Due to an Earthquake. Washington, D.C.: FEMA. Haney, T. In progress. Regional Emergency Response and Recovery Management System. Los Angeles, Calif.: Southern California Earthquake Preparedness Project. Hopper, M. G., C. J. Langer, W. J. Spence, A. M. Rogers, S. T. Algermissen, B. C. Olson, H. J. Lagorio, and K. V. Steinbrugge. 1975. A Study of Earthquake Losses in the Puget Sound, Washington, Area. Open-File Report 75-375. Washington, D.C.: USGS. Hwang, H., and W. Maki. 1979. Users' Guide to the Minnesota Two-Region Input-Output Computer Model. REIFS Report No. 9. Minneapolis: De- partment of Agricultural and Applied Economics and Agricultural Exper- iment Station, University of Minnesota. Insurance Services Office (ISO). 1977. Commercial Earthquake Insurance Man- ual. San Franci~co, Calif.: ISO. ISO. 1983. Guide For Determination of Earthquake Classifications. New York: ISO. Ishihara, K. 1985. Stability of natural deposits during earthquakes. Proceedings of the Eleventh International Conference on Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering. Rotterdam, Netherlands: A. A. Balkema Publishers. Jones, B., D. M. Manson, C. M. Hotchkiss, M. J. Savonis, and K. A. Johnson. 1986. Estimating building stocks and their characteristics. Paper presented at the Materials Distribution Workshop, September 8-11, 1986, Hanover, New Hampshire, sponsored by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, D.C. Keefer, D. K. 1984. Landslides caused by earthquakes. Geological Society of America Bulletin 95:406 421. Kircher, C. A., and M. W. McCann. 1983. Development of fragility curves for estimation of earthquake-induced damage. Proceedings of Conference XXIII: A Workshop on Continuing Actions to Reduce Potential Losses from Future Earthquakes in Arkansas and Nearby States. Open-File Report 81- 437. Washington, D.C.: USGS. Kircher, C. A., and M. W. McCann. 1984. Appendix A: Development of Seismic Fragility Curves for Sixteen Types of Structures Common to Cities of the Mississippi Valley Region. Jack R. Benjamin and Associates, written as part of the study by Allen and Hoshall (1985~. Mountain View, Calif.: Jack Benjamin and Associates. Kustu, O., D. M. Miller, and S. T. Brokken. 1982. Development of Dam- age Functions for High Rise Building Components. San Francisco, Calif.: URS/Blume and Associates. Lee and Eguchi. 1977. Cited by Gulliver (1986~. Legg, M., J. Sloan, and R. Eguchi. 1982. Seismic hazards for lifeline vul- nerability analyses. Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Microzonation, Seattle, Washington. Washington, D.C.: National Science Foundation. Leontief, W. 1951. The Structure of the American Economy, 1919-1939. Second Edition. New York: Oxford University Press. Liao, S., D. Veneziano, and R. V. Whitman. 1988. Regression models for evaluating liquefaction probability. ASCE Journal of Gcotcchnical Engineering 114~4~:389-411.
OCR for page 228
228 Lofting, E., and C. Davis. 1973. A Multisector Model of Pacific an* Mountain Interstate Trade Flows. Ft. Belvoir, Va.: Institute of Water Resources, UeS. Army Corps of Engineers. Los Angeles City Planning Department. 1980. Final Environmental Impact Report (EIR) on Earthquake Hazard Reduction in Existing Buildings Constructed Before 1934 in the City of Los Angeles. Los Angeles, Calif.: City Planning Department. Malik, L. E. 1986. Use of ATC-13 damage probability matrices for a seismic risk analysis of the Boston metropolitan area. Presented to the Panel on Earthquake Loss Estimation, National Research Council, San Francisco, California, September 22-24, 1986. Martel, R. R. 1964. Earthquake damage to Type III buildings in Long Beach, 1933. Earthquake Investigations in the Western United States, 1931-1964. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey. Marx, R. W. 1986. The Tiger System Automating the Geographic Structure of the United States Census. Government Publications Review, Vol. 13, pp. 181-201. McClure, F. E. 1967. Studies in Gathering Earthquake Damage Statistics. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Coast and Geodetic Surrey. McClure, F. E. 1973. Surrey and Evaluation of Existing Buildings. Building Practices for Disaster Mitigation. Washington, D.C.: National Bureau of Standards. McClure, F. E. 1984. Development and implementation of the University of California Seismic Safety Policy. Pp. 850865 in Proceedings of the Eighth World Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Vol. 2. E1 Cerrito, Calif.: EERI. McClure, F. E., H. J. Degenkolb, K. V. Steinbrugge, and R. A. Olson. 1979. Evaluating the Seismic Hazard of State Owned Buildings. Sacramento: California Seismic Safety Commission. McDonough, P. W., and C. E. Taylor. 1986. Assessing seismic response of Utah gas systems. Earthquake Spectra 2~4~. McGuire, R. K. 1987. Seismic hazard analysis methodology. Presented at the course on Recent Advances in Earthquake Resistant Design, University of California at Berkeley, July 2~24, 1987. Murphy, J. R., and L. J. O'Brien. 1977. The correlation of peak ground ac- celeration amplitude with seismic intensity and other physical parameters. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America 67:877-915. Mushkatel, A. H., and J. M. Nigg. 1987. Eject of Objective Risk on Key Actor Support for Seismic Mitigation Policy. Environmental Management 11~1~. National Research Council. 1986. Liquefaction of Soils During Earthquakes. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. National Research Council. 1987. Probabilistic Seismic Hazard Analysis. Wash- ington, D.C.: National Academy Press. Newmark, N. M. 1965. Effects of earthquakes on dams and embankments. Gcotcchraq~c 15~2~:139-160. Nilsen, T., and R. H. Wright. 1979. Relative Slope Stability and Land-Use Planning: Selected Examples from San Franciso Bay Region, California. Professional paper 944. Washington, D.C.: USGS. Office of Emergency Services. 1979. Data on building damage. Unpublished, cited by Gulliver (1986~.
OCR for page 229
229 Office of Emergency Services. 1986. Critical Facilities by Counties. Sacramento, Calif.: Office of Emergency Services. Office of State Architect. 1982. Earthquake Survivability Potential for General Acute G are Hospitals in the Southern California Uplift Area. Sacramento, Calif.: Office of State Architect. Perkins, J., A. Moreland, S. Hoolkins, H. J. Lagorio, M. Bouhafs, C. Carroll, H. J. Degenkolb, and P. M. Wilson. 1986. Building Stock and Earthquake Losses: The San Francisco Bay Area Example. San Francisco, Calif.: Association of Bay Area Governments. Reichle, M. S., J. F. Davis, J. E. Kahle, T. G. Atkinson, E. H. Johnson, R. A. Olson, H. J. Lagorio, K. V. Steinbrugge, and L. S. Cluff. In progress. Scenario or a magnitude 6.8 earthquake on the Silver Strand Fault, San Diego-Tijuana area. Sacramento: California Division of Mines and Geology. Reitherman, R., G. Cusner, G. Smith, and T. Zsutty. 1984. Performance of Unreinforced Masonry Buildings, Coalinga, California, Earthquake of May 2, 1983. E1 Cerrito, Calif.: EERI. Reitherman, R. 1985. A Review of Earthquake Damage Estimation Methods. Spectra 1~4~:(August). Richter, C. F. 1958. Elementary Seismology. San Francisco, Calif.: W. H. Freeman Co. Rinehart, W., S. T. Algermissen, and M. Gibbons. 1976. Estimation of Earth- quake Losses to Single Family Dwellings. Open-File Report 76-156. Wash- ington, D.C.: USGS. Rogers, A. M., S. T. Algermissen, W. W. Hays, D. M. Perkins, D. O. Van Strein, H. C. Hughes, R. C. Hughes, H. J. Lagorio, and K. V. Steinbrugge. 1976. A Study of Earthquake Losses in the Salt Lake City, Utah Area. Open-File Report 76-89. Washington, D.C.: USGS. Scawthorn, C., and W. E. Gates. 1983. Estimation of Earthquake Losses in Los Angeles. San Francisco, Calif.: Dames and Moore. Scawthorn, C., ed. 1986. Techniques for Rapid Assessment of Seismic Vulnera- bility. New York: ASCE. Schulz, P. 1983. California Division of Mines and Geology, Environmental Sys- tems Research Institute, MESA-2, San Bernardino County, Southern Cal- ifornia Association of Governments, TEMJAM Corporation, Pilot Project for Earthquake Hazard Assessment. Los Angeles: Southern California Earthquake Preparedness Project. Seed, H. B., and I. M. Idriss. 1982. Ground Motions and Soil Liquefaction During Earthquakes. Monograph series. Berkeley, Calif.: EERI. Seed, H. B., K. Tokimatsu, L. F. Harder, and R. M. Chung. 1984. The Influence of SPT Procedures in Soil Liquefaction Stance Evaluations. Report no. UBC/EERC-84/15. Berkeley: Earthquake Engineering Research Center, University of California. Sharpe, R., S. Freeman, and B. Safavi. 1982. An Investigation of the Correlation Between Earthquake Ground Motion and Building Performance. Redwood City, Calif.: ATC. Shaw, H. C., and J. R. Benjamin. 1977. Lifeline seismic criteria and risk: A state of the art report. Lifeline Earthquake Engineering: The Current State of Knowledge. New York: ASCE. Smith, D. J. 1981. Lifeline Earthquake Engineering: The Current State of Knowledge. New York: ASCE.
OCR for page 230
230 Sorkin, A. 1982. Economic Aspects of Natural Hazards. Lexington, Mass.: D. C. Heath and Co. Spangle, W. 1984. Pre-earthquake planning for post-earthquake rebuilding in the City of Los Angeles. Proceedings of the Eighth World Conference on Earthquake Engineering. El Cerrito, Calf.: EERI. Standard and Poor's Corporation. n.d. Natural Hazards Site/Structure Report- ing Form: Earthquake. New York: Standard and Poors. Steinbrugge, K. V., F. E. McClure, and A. J. Snow. 1969. Studies in Seismicity and Earthquake Damage Statistics. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development. Steinbrugge, K. V., W. K. Cloud, and N. H. Scott. 1970. The Santa Rosa, Cal- ifornia Earthquakes of October 1, 1969. Washington, D.C.: Environmental Sciences Services Administration, U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey. Steinbrugge, K. V., S. T. Algermissen, H. J. Lagorio, L. S. Cluff, and H. J. Degenkolb. 1981. Metropolitan San Francisco and Los Angeles Earthquake Loss Studies: 1980 Assessment. Open-File Report 81-113. Washington, D.C.: USGS. Stembrugge, K. V. 1982. Earthquakes, Volcanoes, and Tsunamis: An Anatomy of Hazards. New York: Skandia America Group. Steinbrugge, K. V. 1986. Earthquake lose estimation on a regional basis: Ob- servations on practices and problems. Seismic Hazard and Vulnerability. E1 Cerrito, Calif.: EERI. Steinbrugge, K. V., J. H. Bennett, H. J. Lagorio, J. F. Davis, G. Borchardt, and T. R. Toppozada. In progress. Earthquake planning scenario for a magnitude 7.5 earthquake on the Hayward Fault in the San Francisco Bay area. Sacramento: California Division of Mines and Geology. URS/Blume and Associates. 1974. San E`rancisco Seismic Safety Investigation. San Etrancisco, Calif.: San Francisco City Planning Department. Wailes, C. D., Jr., and A. C. Homer. 1933. Survey of earthquake damage at Long Beach, California. Files of City of Long Beach Department of Building and Safety, published in abbreviated form as Earthquake damage analyzed by Long Beach oHicials,~ Engineering News-Record, May 25, 1933. Ward, D. B. 1986. Earthquake loss estimation methodology uses in Utah. Pre- sentation to User Needs Workshop, Panel On Earthquake Loss Estimation Methodology, National Research Council, San Francisco, September 22-24, 1986. Whitman, R. V., J. W. Reed, and S. T. Hong. 1973. Earthquake damage prob- ability matrices. Proceedings of the Fifth World Conference on Earthquake Engineering. El Cerrito, Calif.: EERI. Whitman, R. V., and others. 1974. Methodology and Pilot Application. Cam- bridge: Civil Engineering Department, Massachusetts Institute of Technol- ogy. Whitman, R. V., and others. 1975. Analysis of Earthquake Risk for Lifeline Systems. Cambridge: Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Whitman, R. V. 1986. Earthquake Loss Estimation Methodology. Berlin: Earth- quake Prognostics. Wieczorek, G. F., R. C. Wilson, and I:. L. Harp. 1985. Map Showing Slope Sta- bility During Earthquakes in San Mateo County, California. Miscellaneous Investigations Series Map I-1257-E. Washington, D.C.: USGS.
OCR for page 231
Wiggins, J. H., and D. F. Moran. 1971. Earthquake Safety in the City of Long Beach Based on the Concept of Balanced Risk. Redondo Beach, Calif.: J. H. Wiggins co. wigging, J. H., Company and Engineering Geology Consultants, Inc. 1979. Building Losses from Natural Hazards: Yesterday, Today, and Tomorrow. Washington, D.C.: National Science Foundation. Wilson, R. 1982. Earthquake Vulnerability Analysis for Economic Impact As- sessment. Washington, D.C.: Information Resources Management Office, FEMA. Wilson, R. 1987. Comments on the fourth meeting of the Panel on Earth- quake Loss Estimation, National Research Council, January 8-9, 1987, Washington, D.C. Wilson, R. C., and D. K. Keefer. 1983. Dynamic analysis of a slope failure from the 6 August 1979 Coyote Lake, California, Earthquake. Bulletin of the Scumological Society of America 73~3~:863-877. Wilson, R. C., and D. K. Keefer. 1985. Predicting areal limits of earthquake- induced landsliding. Pp. 317-34S in Evaluation of Earthquake Hazards in the Lies Angeles Region An Earth-Science Perspective, J. I. Ziony, ed. Professional Paper 1360. Washington, D.C.: USGS. Working Group on Earthquake Hazards Reduction. 1978. Earthquake Hazards Reduction: Issues for an Implementation Plan. Washington, D.C.: Office of Science and Technology Policy. Youd, T. L. 1980. Ground failure displacement and earthquake damage to buildings. Proceedings of the Conference on Civil Engineering and Nuclear Power. New York: ASCE. Youd, T. L., and D. M. Perkins. 1978. Mapping liquefaction-induced ground failure potential. ASCE Journal of the Gcotcchr~cal Enginecring Division 104(GT4) :433-446. Youd, T. L., and D. M. Perkins. 1987. Mapping of Liquefaction Severity Index. ASCE Journal of Gcotcch~ca] Enginecnng 113~113:1374-1392. Youd, T. L., and J. B. Perkins. 1985. Map Showing Liquefaction Susceptibility of San Mateo County, California. Miscellaneous Investigations Series Map I-257-G. Washington, D.C.: USGS. Youd, T. L., J. C. Tinsley, D. M. Perkins, E. J. King, and R. F. Preston. 1978. Liquefaction potential map of San Fernando Valley, California. Pp. 268-278 in Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Microzonation for Safety Construction Research and Applications, Vol. 1. Washington, D.C.: National Science Foundation. 231
OCR for page 232
Representative terms from entire chapter: