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38Elimination or Reduction of Baggage Recheck for Arriving International Passengers Processes Immediately upon Arrival to a U.S. Airport CBP could introduce a new arrival process/system that would enable a complementary baggage risk management technique to occur between a bag being offloaded from the plane and it being introduced to the airport baggage handling system. This new process would help mitigate the risk involved in the bag not appearing in the FIS area (by default). For example, existing irregular opera- tions procedures have contingencies for how to handle/inspect baggage that arrives at a port of entry without the passenger (e.g., weather delays or baggage mishandle). A range of potential solutions that could be provided to eliminate or reduce baggage recheck include additional screening by a human (e.g., CBP officer visual inspection), technology (e.g., radiation scan), or canine inspection. Other Measures Undertaken Prior to the Next Flight There are additional processes that may manage risks prior to a connecting flight. Some juris- dictions (e.g., Lufthansa and German authorities) regularly employ a hold process to prevent passengers/checked bags from boarding a subsequent flight should an issue arise. Other jurisdic- tions also employ customs/agricultural processes at the final airport destination, rather than at the intermediary point. These options are not readily available to use in the United States because of significant differences in rules/laws governing border operations. Potential Solutions Based on a preliminary review of the opportunities, risks, benefits, and costs, seven alterna- tive procedures were evaluated; these procedures take into account pre-flight, arrival, and pre- connection opportunities. Table 2 identifies the procedures and indicates when they would occur. Alternative Procedure 1: Exemption of Checked Baggage from FIS Since 2007, CBP has been piloting the concept of reduced baggage recheck at select airports. At present, Atlanta, Dallas/Fort Worth, Houston, and Guam have airports with a model of CBP processing in which not all bags need to be delivered into the FIS area from international flights. As a result, passengers do not need to claim and recheck bags for selected flights. Figure 16 shows a basic flow for baggage exempt from the FIS area. Process For international arrival passengers connecting to another flight, checked bags would be unloaded from the aircraft and delivered directly to TSA baggage screening (either by direct belt Table 2. List of alternative procedures and timing of risk mitigation. Before Upon After No. Alternative Procedure Arrival Arrival Arrival 1 Exemption of Checked Baggage from FIS X 2 New Airline/Airport Processes on Arrival X X 3 New CBP Processes on Arrival X X 4 Enhanced Pre-departure Information X X 5 Information Sharing with TSA Programs X 6 Leveraging of Other DHS Programs X X 7 Door-to-Door Baggage Service X