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68Elimination or Reduction of Baggage Recheck for Arriving International Passengers Applying Research to Practice Opportunities To implement the findings of this report, there are four key opportunities to pursue. Next-Generation Security Screening Equipment As the definition of layouts and data processes for the next generation of explosive detection systems develops, there are opportunities to accommodate baggage recheck elimination: Augmenting API to include advance baggage information (ABI) Incorporating the ability to route international arrival bags for screening Testing other algorithms to enable one scan to meet detection capabilities relevant to explo- sives, agricultural, and customs purposes Outside the United States, there are also opportunities to review next-generation technology as other countries move to full computed tomography systems for explosive detection systems. Shar- ing X-ray images across different countries will require standard protocols for transmitting ABI. Facility Retrofit for International Arrivals The number of new port-of-entry FIS facilities at U.S. airports is quite limited (e.g., Las Vegas, Houston Intercontinental). Retrofits to existing facilities (e.g., Washington Dulles) are more common, as airports focus on upgrading the international arrivals experience, in concert with CBP's initiatives to improve the quality of passenger processes. While each airport will invariably have a different facility layout and time requirements for analyzing the feasibility of baggage recheck elimination, airport planners and designers would be well served to allow space for routing of bags and passengers through flows described in this document. While any solution is subject to local approvals, anticipating future outcomes of baggage recheck elimination could avert future structural changes to FIS facility design. Working with CBP to update its Airport Technical Design Standards would be a positive step to achieving guidelines to this end. International-to-International Connections Four airports have already implemented procedures to reduce international-to-international baggage recheck. Although similar in nature, the alternative procedures deployed at each airport follow local operating procedures that were agreed to by all stakeholders. The commonalities are as follows: Option for CBP to request delivery of selected bags for Secondary Processing Delivery of bag(s) within a set period of time as CBP warrants Commitment by the airport and participating airline to audit and monitor processes Contingencies for exceptions to account for irregular operations A national set of guidelines could assist other airports and airlines that wish to institute an alternative procedure for international-to-international baggage. International-to-domestic baggage presents a different threat profile but could follow a simi- lar process should this be implemented broadly across U.S. airports. Alignment with Airport Marketing and Air Service Development Objectives The greatest success was realized in the alignment of carrier and airport service development objectives. Some airports found it beneficial to facilitate as few as 20 bags per hour in order to increase potential market share and the reliability of systems. The business case may be indi-