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10 dents from different-sized airports who selected these five U.S. Airports drivers. U.S. airports mainly identified environmental practices as The following were not identified by any survey respon- key priorities for the future, followed by social and then dents as future drivers for airport sustainability practices: economic practices. Under environmental practices, respon- dents from large and medium airports consistently men- State/regional regulations tioned energy, green buildings, and climate change. The City/local regulations sustainability practices included: International regulations (e.g., EU directives, International Aviation Authority policies) Energy conservation, efficiency, demand management, Economic incentives (e.g., rebates) and baseline audit. Customers Emission (CO2) reductions. Aviation Industry Association (e.g., position papers). Clean energy production and clean fuel vehicles. Use of green building principles, sustainable design, and high-performance buildings. Sustainability Priorities Green building certification using Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED), a green The survey asked respondents to list their priorities for building rating system developed by the U.S. Green implementation of sustainability practices in the next five Building Council. years. Table 4 summarizes the sustainability priorities for the next five years, as identified by the survey respondents. Other priorities for the future identified by respondents The table is organized into the survey subtopic areas of envi- included social practices such as employee health and well- ronmental, economic, and social practices. being, increased employee use of public transit, and maxi- Table 2 Table 3 Proportion of respondents from U.S. and Proportion of respondents from U.S. and Non-U.S. Non-U.S. airports who selected the top five airports who selected the top five future current drivers for sustainability practices drivers for sustainability practices Current Driver for Sustainability Practices Future Driver for Sustainability Practices Concerns/ Relations Concerns/ Relations Federal Regulation Federal Regulation Corporate Resp. Corporate Resp. State/ Regional Global Trends Airport Policy Airport Policy Stakeholder Stakeholder Regulation Airport Size Airport Size U.S. Airports U.S. Airports Non- Non- 100% 100% 100% 0% 0% 100% 0% 0% 0% 100% Hub (1) Hub (1) Small Small 50% 0% 50% 0% 50% 50% 0% 0% 0% 50% Hub (2) Hub (2) Medium Medium 75% 50% 50% 100% 75% 100% 75% 50% 75% 75% % Respondents Hub (4) % Respondents Hub (4) Large Large 89% 78% 33% 56% 56% 56% 44% 56% 44% 33% Hub (9) Hub (9) Non-U.S. Airports Non-U.S. Airports Continental Continental 100% 80% 60% 40% 20% 40% 60% 40% 60% 40% Europe (5) Europe (5) Asia (1) 0% 100% 0% 100% 100% Asia (1) 100% 100% 100% 100% 0% United United 100% 0% 0% 0% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 0% Kingdom (1) Kingdom (1) Canada (2) 0% 0% 100% 100% 100% Canada (2) 100% 50% 100% 100% 50%

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11 Table 4 Priorities selected by respondents from U.S. and non-U.S. airports for future implementation of sustainability practices Environmental Practices Economic Practices Social Practices Employee Practices & Procedures Public Awareness and Education Indoor Environmental Quality Contribution to Research and Alleviating Road Congestion Measuring and Monitoring Sustainable Transportation Quantifying Sustainability Local Identity Culture and Community Contributions Stakeholder Relationships Incentivizing Sustainable Hiring And Purchasing Employee Well-being Passenger Well-being Noise and Aesthetics Water Conservation Green Buildings Climate Change Water Quality Development Accessibility Biodiversity Air Quality Land Use Materials Behavior Heritage OTHER Energy Airport Size Waste U.S. Airports Non-Hub (1) 1 2 Number of Respondents Priorities Small Hub (2) 1 2 Medium 1 1 1 1 1 1 4 2 Hub (4) Large Hub (9) 1 4 1 7 4 1 1 1 1 Non-U.S. Airports Continental 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 3 Europe (5) Asia (1) 3 United 1 1 1 Kingdom (1) Canada (2) 1 1 1 1 2 mizing mass transportation to and from the airport and These respondents also mentioned energy, climate onsite. change, water, waste, and stakeholder relationships. The three small and non-hub U.S. airport respondents Respondents from airports in continental Europe, Asia, identified other priorities for the future related to economic and Canada listed a variety of future priorities related to performance, such as: improving governance of sustainability at their airport, such as: Economic self-sufficiency of the airport. Economic growth of the airport and the community. Corporate social responsibility. Capacity enhancement. Implementing the UN Global Compact (see box). Revenue growth. Ensuring stable financial performance. Improving strategic environmental management. Non-U.S. Airports Respondents from non-U.S. airports also focused on envi- The United Nations Global Compact is a framework for businesses that are committed to aligning their ronmental practices, followed by social and economic prac- operations and strategies with 10 universally accepted tices. Noise, aesthetics, and sustainable transportation issues principles in the areas of human rights, labor, the were mentioned by respondents from continental Europe and environment, and anticorruption. As the world's largest the United Kingdom (UK): corporate citizenship initiative, the Global Compact is first and foremost concerned with exhibiting and Noise insulation scheme. building the social legitimacy of businesses and Minimizing operations noise. markets ("Global Compact..." 2007). Improvement of railway infrastructure to the airport.