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OCR for page 38
38 Pedestrian/Cycling Airport provides family rooms where parents can care for infants. Pedestrian walkways and automated people movers. Running trail. Zurich Airport was the first European airport to Pedestrian/cycle trails being constructed through the implement regulations related to physical and airport land; however, foot and cycle access to termi- rehabilitation medicine (PRM), which is a recognized nals is discouraged. medical specialty in all European countries. Zebra crossings and footpaths for access to taxis. Bike access to facilities. Cycle facilities started, but much more is required. Americans with Disabilities Act A number of U.S. airport respondents cited practices to Accessibility comply with the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA): A child, a person with a broken leg, a parent with a baby All facilities comply with the ADA Standards for carriage, an elderly person--all are "disabled" in one way or Accessible Design and continue to improve access. another. As far as the built-up environment is concerned, it is Airport conducted an ADA survey of all facilities important that it should be barrier-free and adapted to fill the and is retrofitting locations where accessibility is needs of all people equally. The needs of disabled persons limited. coincide with the needs of the majority, and all people are at Airport developed an ADA program. ease with them. As such, planning for the majority implies planning for people with varying abilities and disabilities The ADA Standards for Accessible Design provide ("Accessibility for the Disabled" 20032004). The survey guidelines for accessibility to places of public sought to identify airport practices that improve accessibil- accommodation and commercial facilities by persons ity for disabled or disadvantaged stakeholders. with disabilities. These guidelines are to be applied during the design, construction, and alteration of Disabled Persons such buildings and facilities to the extent required by regulations issued by federal agencies, including Survey respondents cited the following practices at their air- the Department of Justice, under the Americans ports to improve accessibility: with Disabilities Act of 1990 ("Code of Federal Regulation..." 1994, p. 492). Service that lifts a physically impaired person up to the aircraft. Accessible toilets, extra-large toilet stalls; nursing Local Identity, Culture, and Heritage rooms and changing tables. Handicap accessibility is the law. Social sustainability principles emphasize social equity, Barrier-free access for people with disabilities is a meeting basic needs, personal development, and responsible significant design aspect of airport terminals. citizenship. One measure of social sustainability is the abil- ity to express a sense of identity through heritage, art, and Other Accessibility Issues culture ("Guidelines for the Development..." 2001). Respondents also cited practices related to accessibility for Survey respondents from U.S. airports cited the follow- disadvantaged/disabled employees and families: ing practices at their airports intended to enhance local identity, culture, and heritage: Employs 223 disabled persons (2.8% of workforce); committed to increase to 6% to meet statutory Preserved archeological finds during airport requirements. construction. In 2005, the airport organized two sessions on the role Maintain natural coastline of airport island. of disabled people in the organization, highlighting that Native American art exhibited throughout the disability and efficiency are not mutually exclusive. airport. Human Resources division has a Disability Mission to Archaeological procedure for all construction ensures provide information and advice in connection with the that existing sites are protected. professional integration of disabled workers. Built museum of commercial aviation at new interna- Airport offers vehicles at very low cost to employees tional terminal by replicating 1930s terminal--first based on the airport--providing transport to work for airport to be accredited by the American Association people who could not afford it otherwise. of Museums.