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39 Planted native plants and trees throughout the Indoor Environmental Quality facility. Art collection comprises more than 75 pieces Indoor environmental quality includes air quality, thermal by artists of local, national, and international comfort, lighting, and acoustics, and is closely linked to the acclaim--in line with the city's percent-for-art ordi- health and productivity of building occupants. According to nance, which requires an art enrichment allocation the EPA, indoor air is increasingly more polluted than out- equivalent to 2% of the construction cost of a new or door air, even in the largest and most industrialized cities renovated civic structure. ("The Inside Story..." 2007). Local art program requires that a percentage of all construction projects go to public art--rotating local The survey questioned respondents on the practices in art exhibit in terminal locations. place at their airports to address noise, thermal comfort, Historical property display in airport. lighting, odor, ventilation, and vibration. Respondents Public/local community art at various locations in from large hub airports and non-U.S. airports identified terminals. the following practices related to indoor environmental Airport works with state historical preservation office quality: when archeological sites are found. In-terminal museum/educational display about local High standard of equipment for staff. river history. Thermal comfort is taken into account early in the Art on one concourse celebrates the local region by building studies process with a double goal of energy incorporating a map of the river basin into the floor efficiency and employee comfort. design. The airport is drafting a noise map to identify the areas affected by noise. None of the respondents from non-U.S. airports provided All airport systems meet national and international information on practices in their airports to enhance local standards for non-ionizing radiation and have been identity, culture, and heritage. approved by the relevant authorities; the airport is developing and maintaining an inventory of all installations and systems that emit non-ionizing The Phoenix Airport Museum has a collection of radiation. more than 500 works of art, as well as gallery spaces The airport maximizes the use of sunlight, uses for exhibitions. Most art and museum displays are double glazing to reduce noise, and has a comput- in terminals rather than concourses, so visitors can enjoy them without going through airport security. erized program to control indoor temperature and Some displays are outdoors; all are free and most ventilation. are accessible 24 hours a day. In 1986, the city of Low VOC paints are used. Phoenix passed an ordinance to allocate funding of The Health Safety Section provides training and sup- up to 1% of the city's capital improvement projects plies materials, in-house and external expertise, and for public art. Today, the Phoenix Office of Arts and resources for employees. Culture administers aviation percent-for-art projects in The preventive maintenance program to maintain collaboration with the Aviation Department's Phoenix HVAC systems includes duct cleaning and high- Airport Museum. Historic preservation assessments efficiency air filters. are also being undertaken for residential purchases The airport monitors recirculating air quality (HVAC) near the airport ("Phoenix Sky Harbor..." 2007) programs. (see Figure 20). In Switzerland, emission levels of non-ionizing radiation are regulated by the provisions of the 2000 Ordinance on Protection Against Non-Ionizing Radiation. Non-ionizing radiation comes from the use of radar and wireless data transmission. (Unique 2006). Employee Well-Being Companies succeed by attracting and retaining the best FIGURE 20 Practices for enhancing local culture, identity, and employees. To do this, they must offer attractive pay and history at Sky Harbor Airport (Phoenix). benefits packages, provide opportunities for training and