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24 CHAPTER SIX Personnel Training For FWD data to be useful to pavement designers, it must be ing. Conversely, 30% gave training intervals of from 4 to 6 collected properly. Without proper training between FWD months. On elaboration, 33% of SHAs explicitly stated that operators, data analysts, and pavement designers, miscom- training is provided on the job. Additionally, three states-- munications may result. Furthermore, training prevents Nevada, North Carolina, and South Carolina--require new minor mechanical difficulties from becoming major opera- operators to demonstrate proficiency, either by successfully tional obstacles. In this chapter, training of FWD operators completing data-gathering operations under supervision or and data analysts is discussed. by passing a test (Appendix B, Questions 6468). SHA operator training may be complemented or sub- Qualifications stituted with vendor-provided training. The purchase of an FWD from any of the four manufacturers includes a training Falling Weight Deflectometer Operators session. Durations and content of training sessions are sum- Qualifications marized in Table 5. When asked about their FWD operator training practices, Although some localities have unique needs, certain skill 66% of SHAs responded that they provide training to new sets are universally desirable for FWD operators. According FWD operators. When asked about training duration, 37% to Martin (2006), these skill sets are as follows: of survey respondents stated that before a newly hired FWD operator is on the job, one month or less is devoted to train- Equipment setup and operation familiarity, TABLE 5 FWD VENDOR-PROVIDED OPERATOR TRAINING SUMMARY FWD Vendor Training Duration Concepts Covered Certificate Available? Carl Bro 5 days Included with purchase of new FWD equipment Yes Introduction to equipment, including setup and shutdown Data collection software use Basic maintenance and troubleshooting Dynatest -- Included with purchase of new FWD equipment Refresher courses -- available for newly hired operators Tow vehicle tour Introduction to equipment, including setup and shutdown User manual overview Data collection software use Basic maintenance and troubleshooting Support contact information -- JILS 7 days -- -- KUAB 3 days Included with purchase of new FWD equipment Ongoing telephone -- support is provided Introduction to equipment, including setup and shutdown Equipment operation, including testing patterns Data collection software use Basic maintenance and troubleshooting Equipment calibration Note: -- = no response given.