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27 CHAPTER SEVEN Falling Weight Deflectometer Program Administration FWD program administration is the discipline of organizing shown in Figure 11. The majority of these budgets were pri- and managing resources (i.e., people, equipment, schedules, marily spent on project-level testing, including forensics. On and money) in such a way that FWD testing can be com- average, 65% of program budgets were applied to project- pleted within the defined constraints of scope, quality, time, level testing, compared with 22% for research and 11% for and cost. Each SHA program administrator endeavors to network-level testing (Appendix B, Question 82). work within the limitations of their resources. Among SHAs with an FWD program, an average of 2,194 Outsourcing Requirements lane-km (1,363 lane-mi)--with a median of 644 lane-km (400 lane-mi)--are tested annually. Tested lane distances Although most FWD activity is performed by SHA staff, are shown in Figure 10. Additionally, 187 full-time employ- some work is outsourced. The budgets of three responding ees work for these programs (Appendix B, Question 87). states--Florida, New Jersey, and Rhode Island--are domi- nated by outsourcing activities, which respectively make up 75%, 90%, and 70% of each SHA FWD program budget Annual Budgeting (Appendix B, Question 83). Typically, outsourced work must follow the local SHA's procedures; Florida reported From the survey results, the responding SHAs' expenditures that contractors must "Follow FDOT procedures including varied widely for their FWD program budgets. Three states-- training, equipment used, calibration, data quality checks, Connecticut, Kentucky, and New Hampshire--stated that and deliverables." Additionally, one state--Alaska--serves no SHA FWD program was in place. On the opposite end of as an FWD services provider for other agencies such as the the spectrum, California reported spending $850,000 annu- U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Appendix B, Question 85). ally on its FWD program. A histogram of annual budgets is FIGURE 10 Survey response to Question 87: "Approximately what lane-distance does your FWD program test annually?"
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28 FIGURE 11 Survey responses to question 82: "What is the average annual operating budget--including labor, materials, travel, etc.--for your FWD field testing program?"