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39 References "2007 Spring Load Restriction Summary," Operations Sup- Clark, T., "Using the FWD on Construction Projects," Pre- port Office, South Dakota Department of Transportation, sented at the FWD User's Group Meeting, Austin, Tex., Pierre, 2007 [Online]. Available: www.sddot.com/ Oct. 1518, 2005. Operations/cvo/spring_load_limits/Historical/index. Clemen, R., "Guidelines and Measures for Calibration of htm [accessed May 3, 2007]. Portable Falling Weight Deflectometers: PRIMA 100 "AASHTOWare DARWin Product Features," May 31, 2005 Light Weight FWD," Presented at the FWD User's Group [Online]. Available: www.darwin.aashtoware.org/ Meeting, Wichita, Kans., Sep. 2830, 2003. features.htm [accessed June 22, 2007]. Comprehensive Pavement Design Manual, "Chapter 2," "ALDOT Procedure 390: Procedure for Conducting Soil New York State Department of Transportation, Albany, Surveys and Preparing Materials Reports," Alabama 2000, pp. 25 [Online]. Available: www.dot.state.ny.us/ Department of Transportation, Montgomery, 2004, p. 14 cmb/consult/cpdmfiles/chapter2r1.pdf. [Online]. Available: www.dot.state.al.us/NR/rdonlyres/ Corn, J., "PCC Joint Testing: Do's and Don'ts," Presented at 3455FCC0-C495-455E-A438-03F282A32E77/0/AL the FWD User's Group Meeting, Austin, Tex., Oct. 1518, DOT390ProcedureRevised0704.pdf. 2005. Andrn, P., "Development and Results of the Swedish Road Design Manual, "Appendix A," Idaho Transportation Deflection Tester," Department of Mechanics, Royal Department, Boise, 2007, pp. 2628 [Online]. Available: Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden, 2006 www.itd.idaho.gov/manuals/Online_Manuals/Current_ [Online]. Avaliable: www.diva-portal.org/kth/abstract. Manuals/Design%20Manual/appendixa.pdf. xsql?dbid=4050. Diefenderfer, B. and J. Bryant, "Development of a Pavement Beck, R., "Quality Control and Quality Assurance Main Warranty Contract and Performance Specification for tenance Procedures: Reproducibility and Calibration a Hot-Mix Asphalt Resurfacing Project," Virginia Strategy of the Dynatest Falling Weight Deflectometer," Transportation Research Council, Charlottesville, 2005, Presented at the FWD User's Group Meeting, Wichita, pp. 118 [Online]. Available: www.virginiadot.org/vtrc/ Kans., Sep. 2830, 2003. main/online_reports/pdf/06-r8.pdf. Beuving, E., et al., Final Report of the Action, COST Action Donahue, J.P., "Void Detection with the Falling Weight 336, European Cooperation in the Field of Scientific and Deflectometer," Missouri Department of Transportation, Technical Research, European Commission, Brussels, Jefferson City, 2004, pp. 36 [Online]. Available: www. Belgium, 2000, pp. 5.235.24. 168.166.124.22/RDT/reports/Ri99044/RDT04004.pdf. Bush, D. and P. Tohme, "Assessing Parks Highway Load "Falling Weight Deflectometer," State Materials Library, Restrictions," Alaska Department of Transportation, Washington State Department of Transportation, Olym- Fairbanks, 2003 [Online]. Available: www.dot.state.ak. pia, 2007 [Online]. Available: www.wsdot.wa.gov/biz/ us/stwddes/research/assets/pdf/fhwa_ak_rd_01_09.pdf. mats/pavement/fwd.htm. CalBack Manual (included with CalBack installer), Cal- Frabizzio, M., et al., "Case Study: The Falling Weight Deflec- Back, Davis, Calif., Dec. 2006, pp. 34, 7. tometer (FWD) as a Multifunctional Analysis Tool," Pre- "California Test 356: Methods of Test to Obtain Flexible sented at the FWD User's Group Meeting, Roanoke, Va., Pavement Deflection: Measurements for Determining Oct. 2125, 2002. Pavement Rehabilitation Requirements, " State of Cali- FWD: Introduction, FWD User's Group, Site hosted by the fornia--Business, Transportation, and Housing Agency, Nevada Department of Transportation, Carson City, 2007 Department of Transportation, Sacramento, 2004, [Online]. Available: www.pms.nevadadot.com/default. pp. 26 [Online]. Available: www.dot.ca.gov/hq/esc/ asp [accessed June 22, 2007]. ctms/CT_356_6-04.pdf. "FWD: Past Meetings," FWD User's Group, 2001 [Online]. Carl Bro, Product brochures, Kolding, Denmark, 2006. Available: www.pms.nevadadot.com/2001.asp [accessed "Carl Bro RoSy DESIGN Product Data Sheet," Carl Bro, Sep. 12, 2007]. Kolding, Denmark, 2006 [Online]. Available: www. Gawedzinski, M., TE-30 High Performance Rigid Pave- pavement-consultants.com/NR/rdonlyres/445E2E17- ments: An Update of Illinois Projects, Report 12004-03, 93DE-49BF-A34A-533CC5ABB184/0/Produkt_RoSy_ Illinois Department of Transportation, Springfield, DESIGN.pdf [accessed June 22, 2007]. 2004.

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40 "Guidelines and Specifications for the Use of Reclaimed "Implementation of Spring Load Restrictions on the State Aggregates in Pavement, Summary," Research Center, Highway System," North Dakota Department of Trans- Florida Department of Transportation, Tallahassee, 2001, portation, Bismarck, 2007 [Online]. Available: www. 9 pp. [Online]. Available: www.dot.state.fl.us/research- dot.nd.gov/divisions /maintenance /springldrestric center/Completed_Proj/Summary_SMO/FDOT_797. procedures.html [accessed May 3, 2007]. pdf. Irwin, L., "Revised Procedures for FWD Calibration," Pre- Habib, A., "Use of FWD in Virginia," Presented at the FWD sented at the FWD User's Group Meeting, Helena, Mont., User's Group Meeting, Helena, Mont., Sep. 1719, 2006. Sep. 1719, 2006. Hall, K.T., A.M. Ioannides, J. Armaghani, K.D. Smith, and "JILS, Falling Weight Deflectometers: JILS 20," May 3, J.A. Crovetti, Cost-Effectiveness of Sealing Transverse 2007 [Online]. Available: www.jilsfwd.com/jils20.html Contraction Joints in Concrete Pavements--Interim [accessed June 21, 2007]. Report, Office of Research, Development, and Technol- "JILS, Falling Weight Deflectometers: JILS 20HF," May 3, ogy, Federal Highway Administration, McLean, Va., Oct. 2007 [Online]. Available: www.jilsfwd.com/jils20hf. 2004. html [accessed June 21, 2007]. Harris, S., "Infrastructure Design Directive (IDD 2006-06) "JILS, Falling Weight Deflectometers: JILS 20T," May 3, Memorandum," Office of Infrastructure Divisions, New 2007 [Online]. Available: www.jilsfwd.com/jils20t.html Mexico Department of Transportation, Santa Fe, 2006, [accessed June 21, 2007]. p. 28 [Online]. Available: www.nmshtd.state.nm. us /upload /images /Plans_ Specs_Estimates /2006/ Jitin, A., V. Tandon, and S. Nazarian, "Continuous Deflec- IDD-2006-06_Pavement_Design_Directive.pdf. tion Testing of Highways at Traffic Speeds," Center for Transportation Infrastructure Systems, The University of Heath, D., "Lane Closure on a Two-Lane Road," Presented Texas at El Paso, 2006, 155 pp. at the FWD User's Group Meeting, Gulfport, Miss., Oct. 1516, 2001a [Online]. Available: www.pms.nevadadot. Kim, J.R., H.B. Kang, D. Kim, D.S. Park, and W.J. Kim, com/jpg/Work-Zone-FWD.jpg. "Evaluation of In-Situ Modulus of Compacted Subgrades Using Portable Falling Weight Deflectometer as an Alter- Heath, D., "Lane Closure on a Two-Lane Road: Stationary native to Plate Bearing Load Test," Presented at the 85th Bridge Deck," Presented at the FWD User's Group Annual Meeting of the Transportation Research Board, Meeting, Gulfport, Miss., Oct. 1516, 2001b [Online]. Washington, D.C., Jan. 2226, 2006, 24 pp. Available: www.pms.nevadadot.com/jpg/Work-Zone- Bridge-Deck.jpg. Liu, W. and T. Scullion, MODULUS 6.0 for Windows: User's Manual, Texas A&M University, College Station, 2001, Heath, D., "Mobile Operation on a Two-Lane Road Using p. 5. Flaggers," Presented at the FWD User's Group Meeting, Gulfport, Miss., Oct. 1516, 2001c [Online]. Available: Manual for Abandoned Mine Inventory and Risk Assess- www.pms.nevadadot.com/jpg/Work-Zone.jpg. ment, Ohio Department of Transportation, Columbus, 1998, pp. 5-17, 7-6, 7-7 [Online]. Available: www.dot. Hoffman, M., "Direct Method for Evaluating Structural state.oh.us/mines/MineManual/Full_Mine_Manual.pdf. Needs of Flexible Pavements with Falling-Weight Deflec- tometer Deflections," Transportation Research Record Martin, T., "FWD Operator Training: What the FWD Oper- 1860, Transportation Research Board, National Research ator Needs to Know to Collect Accurate Data and Help Council, Washington, D.C., 2003, pp. 4147. Achieve Successful Analysis," Presented at the FWD User's Group Meeting, Helena, Mont., Sep. 1719, 2006 Holzschuher, C. and H.S. Lee, State of Florida Falling [Online]. Available: www.pms.nevadadot.com/ Weight Deflectometer Handbook, State Materials Office, 2006presentations/10_Martin.pdf. Florida Department of Transportation, Tallahassee, Fla., 2006, p. 7. Nazzal, M., M. Abu-Farsakh, K. Alshibli, and L. Moham- mad, "Evaluating the Potential Use of a Portable LFWD Hossain, M., "FWD Data Analysis Without Layer Thickness for Characterizing Pavement Layers and Subgrades," Information," Presented at the FWD User's Group Meet- Proceedings of GeoTrans 2004: Geotechnical Engineer- ing, Helena, Mont., Sep. 1719, 2006. ing for Transportation Projects, Los Angeles, Calif., July Imler, L., "Data Recording System: Falling Weight Deflec- 2731, 2004, pp. 915924. tometer," General Services Division, Texas Department of Transportation, Austin, 2002, pp. 2, 3, and 5 [Online]. Available: ftp://ftp.dot.state.tx.us/pub/txdot-info/gsd/ pdf/tss/tss168.pdf.

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