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39 References "2007 Spring Load Restriction Summary," Operations Sup- Clark, T., "Using the FWD on Construction Projects," Pre- port Office, South Dakota Department of Transportation, sented at the FWD User's Group Meeting, Austin, Tex., Pierre, 2007 [Online]. Available: Oct. 1518, 2005. Operations/cvo/spring_load_limits/Historical/index. Clemen, R., "Guidelines and Measures for Calibration of htm [accessed May 3, 2007]. Portable Falling Weight Deflectometers: PRIMA 100 "AASHTOWare DARWin Product Features," May 31, 2005 Light Weight FWD," Presented at the FWD User's Group [Online]. Available: Meeting, Wichita, Kans., Sep. 2830, 2003. features.htm [accessed June 22, 2007]. Comprehensive Pavement Design Manual, "Chapter 2," "ALDOT Procedure 390: Procedure for Conducting Soil New York State Department of Transportation, Albany, Surveys and Preparing Materials Reports," Alabama 2000, pp. 25 [Online]. Available: Department of Transportation, Montgomery, 2004, p. 14 cmb/consult/cpdmfiles/chapter2r1.pdf. [Online]. Available: Corn, J., "PCC Joint Testing: Do's and Don'ts," Presented at 3455FCC0-C495-455E-A438-03F282A32E77/0/AL the FWD User's Group Meeting, Austin, Tex., Oct. 1518, DOT390ProcedureRevised0704.pdf. 2005. Andrn, P., "Development and Results of the Swedish Road Design Manual, "Appendix A," Idaho Transportation Deflection Tester," Department of Mechanics, Royal Department, Boise, 2007, pp. 2628 [Online]. Available: Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden, 2006 [Online]. Avaliable: Manuals/Design%20Manual/appendixa.pdf. xsql?dbid=4050. Diefenderfer, B. and J. Bryant, "Development of a Pavement Beck, R., "Quality Control and Quality Assurance Main Warranty Contract and Performance Specification for tenance Procedures: Reproducibility and Calibration a Hot-Mix Asphalt Resurfacing Project," Virginia Strategy of the Dynatest Falling Weight Deflectometer," Transportation Research Council, Charlottesville, 2005, Presented at the FWD User's Group Meeting, Wichita, pp. 118 [Online]. Available: Kans., Sep. 2830, 2003. main/online_reports/pdf/06-r8.pdf. Beuving, E., et al., Final Report of the Action, COST Action Donahue, J.P., "Void Detection with the Falling Weight 336, European Cooperation in the Field of Scientific and Deflectometer," Missouri Department of Transportation, Technical Research, European Commission, Brussels, Jefferson City, 2004, pp. 36 [Online]. Available: www. Belgium, 2000, pp. 5.235.24. Bush, D. and P. Tohme, "Assessing Parks Highway Load "Falling Weight Deflectometer," State Materials Library, Restrictions," Alaska Department of Transportation, Washington State Department of Transportation, Olym- Fairbanks, 2003 [Online]. Available: pia, 2007 [Online]. Available: us/stwddes/research/assets/pdf/fhwa_ak_rd_01_09.pdf. mats/pavement/fwd.htm. CalBack Manual (included with CalBack installer), Cal- Frabizzio, M., et al., "Case Study: The Falling Weight Deflec- Back, Davis, Calif., Dec. 2006, pp. 34, 7. tometer (FWD) as a Multifunctional Analysis Tool," Pre- "California Test 356: Methods of Test to Obtain Flexible sented at the FWD User's Group Meeting, Roanoke, Va., Pavement Deflection: Measurements for Determining Oct. 2125, 2002. Pavement Rehabilitation Requirements, " State of Cali- FWD: Introduction, FWD User's Group, Site hosted by the fornia--Business, Transportation, and Housing Agency, Nevada Department of Transportation, Carson City, 2007 Department of Transportation, Sacramento, 2004, [Online]. Available: pp. 26 [Online]. Available: asp [accessed June 22, 2007]. ctms/CT_356_6-04.pdf. "FWD: Past Meetings," FWD User's Group, 2001 [Online]. Carl Bro, Product brochures, Kolding, Denmark, 2006. Available: [accessed "Carl Bro RoSy DESIGN Product Data Sheet," Carl Bro, Sep. 12, 2007]. Kolding, Denmark, 2006 [Online]. Available: www. Gawedzinski, M., TE-30 High Performance Rigid Pave- ments: An Update of Illinois Projects, Report 12004-03, 93DE-49BF-A34A-533CC5ABB184/0/Produkt_RoSy_ Illinois Department of Transportation, Springfield, DESIGN.pdf [accessed June 22, 2007]. 2004.

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42 Sivaneswaran, N., "TRB Research in Progress: Using Fall- Stubstad, R.N., Y.J. Jiang, and E.O. Lukanen, "Guidelines ing Weight Deflectometer Data with MechanisticEmpir- for Review and Evaluation of Back-calculation Results," ical Design and Analysis," Transportation Research Report No. FHWA-RD-05-152. Federal Highway Admin- Board, National Research Council, Washington, D.C., istration, McLean Va., 2006, p. 2 [Online]. Available: 2007 [Online]. Available: www.f dproject.asp?n=12297. pdf. "Slab Replacement Guidelines," State of California--Busi- Tawfiq, K., "Utilizing the Falling Weight Deflectometer in ness, Transportation, and Housing Agency, Department Evaluating Soil Support Values of Pavement Layers," of Transportation, Sacramento, 2004, p. 13 [Online]. Florida Agricultural and Mechanical UniversityFlorida Available: State University, Tallahassee, 2003 [Online]. Available: SlabReplace/SlabReplacementGuidelines-All.pdf. Summary_SMO/FDOT_BC352_01rpt.pdf. "Standard Guide for General Pavement Deflection Measure- ments," Annual Book ASTM Standards 2005, Vol. 04.03, Use of Falling Weight Deflectometers at Network Level-- ASTM D4695-03, West Conshohocken, Pa., 2005, pp. Information Gathering Report, COST Action 336, Euro- 490495. pean Cooperation in the Field of Scientific and Technical Research, European Commission, Brussels, Belgium, Standard Specifications for Roads & Bridges, "Underseal- 1998, 63 pp. [Online]. Available: ftp://ftp.cordis.europa. ing," Operations Support Office, South Dakota Depart- eu/pub/cost-transport/docs/336-rep.doc. ment of Transportation, Pierre, 2004, pp. 171176 [Online]. Available: Vandenbossche, J. and D. Rettner, "One-Year Performance specbook04/391.pdf. Summary of Whitetopping Test Sections at the Mn/ROAD Test Facility," Office of Materials and Road "Standard Test Method for Deflections with a Falling Weight Research, Minnesota Department of Transportation, Type Impulse Load Device," Annual Book of ASTM Stan- Maplewood, 1998, pp. 79 [Online]. Available: www. dards 2005, Vol. 04.03, ASTM D4694.96, West Consho- hocken, Pa., 2005, pp. 487488. pdf. State of Nebraska Pavement Management Systems, Materi- "Void Detection with the Falling Weight Deflectometer," als and Research, Nebraska Department of Roads, Lin- Missouri Department of Transportation, Jefferson City, coln, 2007, pp. 7, 17 [Online]. Available: www.dor.state. 2004, pp. 16 [Online]. Available: www. RDT/reports/Ri99044/RDT04004.pdf. Steinert, B.C., D.N. Humphrey, and M.A. Kester, "Portable Xu, B., R. Ranjithan, and Y.R. Kim, "Using the Asphalt Falling Weight Deflectometers for Tracking Seasonal Pavement Layer Condition Assessment Program: Case Stiffness Variations in Asphalt Surfaced Roads," Pre- Studies," Transportation Research Record 1860, Trans- sented at the 85th Annual Meeting of the Transportation portation Research Board, National Research Council, Research Board, Washington, D.C., Jan. 2226, 2006. Washington, D.C., 2003, pp. 6675. Stubstad, R., "SLIC Is Slick," Presented at the FWD User's Yigong, J. and T. Nantung, "Costs and Consequences Due to Group Meeting, Helena, Mont., Sep. 1719, 2006. Calibration Errors in FWD Testing," Presented at the Stubstad, R.N., L.H. Irwin, E.O. Lukanen, and M.L. Cleven- FWD User's Group Meeting, Helena, Mont., Sep. 1719, son, "It's 10 O'Clock--Do You Know Where Your Sen- 2006. sors Are?" Transportation Research Record 1716, Transportation Research Board, National Research Council, Washington, D.C., 2000, pp. 1019.