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implementing more effective transportation control measures and for thoroughly evaluating environmental justice, it is expected that use of these techniques will increase in the future. RESOURCES 1) Federal Highway Administration (FHWA). 2001. Transportation Conformity Reference Guide. Available at The transportation conformity reference guide provides a thorough review of the transportation conformity process. It includes information on NAAQS, approved models for evaluating transportation conformity, a discussion on how to perform a regional air quality analysis, and information on how to perform a microscale analysis. 2) U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (U.S. EPA). 2003b. Toxics Release Inventory Program. Available at This resource provides detailed information on the TRI program and discusses common uses of TRI reports. Detailed TRI data files are also available by state. REFERENCES Bachman, W., W. Sarasua, S. Hallmark, and R. Guensler. 2000. "Modeling Regional Mobile Source Emissions in a Geographic Information System Framework." Transportation Research, Vol. 8C, Nos. 1-6, pp. 205-229. Briggs, D.J., S. Collins, P. Elliott, P. Fischer, S. Kingham, E. Lebret, K. Pryl, H. Van Reeuwijk, K. Smallbone, and A. Van Der Veen. 1997. International Journal of Geographical Information Science. Vol. 11, No. 7, pp. 699-718. Bryant, Bunyan, and Paul Mohai. 1992. Race and the Incidence of Environmental Hazards. Boulder, Colorado: Westview. Bullard, Robert. 1996. "Environmental Justice: It's More Than Just Waste Facility Siting." Social Science Quarterly. Vol. 77, No. 3 (September), pp. 493-499. Carlin, B.P., and H. Xia. 1996. "Assessing Environmental Justice Using Bayesian Hierarchical Models: Two Case Studies." Journal of Exposure Analysis and Environmental Epidemiology. Vol. 9, No. 1, pp. 66-78. Comrie, Andrew, and Jeremy Diem. 2001. SMOGMAP, System for Management, Observation, and GIS Modeling of Air Pollution: Final Report, Phase IV. Prepared for Pima Association of Governments. Tucson, AZ: The University of Arizona, Department of Geography and Regional Development. Additional SMOGMAP information available online: Lave, L.B., and E.P. Seskin. 1977. Air Pollution and Human Mortality. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press. National Center for Health Statistics. 1995. Health, United States, 1995. Hyattsville, MD: Public Health Service. 92

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Neter, John, Michael H. Kutner, Christopher Nachtsheim, and William Wasserman. 1996. Applied Linear Regression Models. Third edition. Chicago, IL: Irwin. Schwartz, Joel, and Douglas W. Dockery. 1992. "Increased Mortality in Philadelphia Associated with Daily Air Pollution Concentrations." American Review of Respiratory Disease. Vol. 145, No. 3 (March), pp. 600-604. United States Environmental Protection Agency (U.S. EPA). 2003a. National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS). Office of Air and Radiation Fact Sheet, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Available at U.S. EPA. 1998a. A GIS-Based Modal Model of Automobile Exhaust Emissions. Report number EPA-600-98-097, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina. Available at U.S. EPA. 1998b. Title VI Administrative Complaint Regarding Louisiana Department of Environmental Quality, Permit for Proposed Shintech Facility: Draft Revised Demographic Information. Washington, DC: U.S. EPA, Office of Civil Rights. U.S. EPA. 1996. EPA's Proposal on the Particulate Matter Standard. Office of Air and Radiation Fact Sheet, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Available at tml. U.S. EPA. 1995. Automobile Emissions: An Overview. National Vehicle and Fuel Emissions Laboratory. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office. U.S. EPA. 1994a. Supplement to the Second Addendum (1986) to Air Quality Criteria for Particulate Matter and Sulfur Oxides (1982): Assessment of New Findings on Sulfur Dioxide Acute Exposure Health Effects in Asthmatic Individuals. EPA-600/FP-93/002. Washington, DC. U.S. EPA. 1994b. National Air Pollutant Emission Trends, 1900-1993. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office. Waller, L.A., T.A. Lewis, and B.P. Carlin. 1999. "Environmental Justice and Statistical Summaries of Differences in Exposure Distributions." Journal of Exposure Analysis and Environmental Epidemiology. Vol. 9, No. 1, pp. 56-65. 93