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114 REFERENCES ASTM D1587, American Society for Testing and Materials, Chiew, Y.M., "Local Scour at Bridge Piers," University of Auck- Philadelphia, USA. land, School of Engineering, Report No. 355, 1984. Benjamin, J.R., and Cornell, C., A., "Probability, Statistics, and Chow, V.T., Maidment, D.R., and Mays, L.W., Applied Hydrology, Decisions for Civil Engineers", 1970, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1988, McGraw-Hill. USA. Das, B. M., Principle of Geotechnical Engineering, 4th edition, Bras, R. L., and Rodriguez-Iturbe, I., "Random Functions and 1998, PWS Publishing Company, Boston, MA, 712 pages. Hydrology", 1986. Dover. Dietz, J. W., "Ausbildung von Langen Pfeilern bei Schraganstro- Briaud, J.-L., Ting, F., Chen, H.-C., Gudavalli, R., Kwak, K., Philo- mung am Beispiel der BAB-Mainbrucke Eddersheim," Mit- gene, B., Han, S.-W., Perugu, S., Wei, G.S., Nurtjahyo, P., Cao, teilungsblatt der BAW, 31: 7994, 1972, Karlsruhe, Germany. 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