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68 The Pew Charitable Trusts. The Pew Charitable Trusts are ical, nursing, and public schools; hospices; professional asso- based in Philadelphia and support nonprofit activities in the ciations; research organizations; state and local government areas of culture, education, the environment, health and human agencies; and community groups. Funding is provided via services, public policy, and religion. Both national and local both competitive national calls for proposals and unsolicited funding is available through the trusts. One of the more rel- proposals. General operating expenses and capital costs will evant programs for transportation providers is the health and not be funded by the foundation. human services program, which is designed to promote the health and well-being of Americans and to strengthen dis- The Public Welfare Foundation. The Public Welfare Foun- advantaged communities (15). dation is dedicated "to supporting organizations that provide services to disadvantaged populations and work for lasting The Meyer Foundation. The Meyer Foundation is focused in improvements in the delivery of services that meet basic the greater Washington, D.C., area and supports "community- human needs" (19). The Foundation has a wide range of inter- based nonprofit organizations that foster the well-being of all ests including community support; the disadvantaged elderly; people in the region" (16). Goals of particular concern to the employment, training, and alternative education; health; and foundation are improving the welfare of low-income people the environment. and creating healthy neighborhoods. National Kidney Foundation. The mission of the National IDENTIFYING FUNDING SOURCES Kidney Foundation is "to prevent kidney and urinary tract Wading through the labyrinth of transportation and human diseases, improve the health and well-being of individuals services funding programs, regulations, guidelines, and con- and families affected by these diseases, and increase the avail- straints can be an arduous and complex task. Fortunately, ability of all organs for transplantation" (17). many of the resources cited in Chapter 4 as starting points for The Foundation has six goals, according to its website (17): identifying existing transportation providers in a local area can also provide helpful information about funding programs. Educating the public In addition, a number of aids to locating foundations whose Supporting research funding priorities may include transportation services for the Expanding patient services transportation disadvantaged are also available. Providing continuing professional education Shaping health policy Fund raising Identifying Public Sources of Funding Under its Patient and Community Services Program, the This chapter has presented an overview of the major sources foundation provides support for kidney disease patients and of public funding that can be used to support specialized or their families, which may include aid for transportation. coordinated transportation services and examples of the types of funding strategies that are being used by transportation Healthcare Foundation for Orange County. Healthcare providers across the country. For additional information, con- Foundation for Orange County, California, was formed with sider the following steps: excess funds from the acquisition of the United Western Med- ical Centers (a nonprofit hospital) by OrNda Healthcare (for- Use the Internet to research funding programs in more profit company) The foundation's mission is "to improve the depth and to obtain the latest information. health of the neediest and most underserved residents of Network locally or within your state with other organi- Orange County, with particular emphasis on United Western zations that have an interest in transportation issues. Medical Center's historic service area of Central Orange Keep abreast of developments in proposed new pro- County" (18). One of the specific areas that the Foundation grams, particularly at the federal and state levels. focuses on is removing access barriers, such as those due to transportation. Preference is given to "programs that maxi- Whether your organization is a transportation provider or mize existing resources and enable individuals and commu- a human services agency, the most comprehensive single nities to take charge of their own health" (18). source of information about federal transportation funding programs is CTAA. CTAA's publication, "Building Mobil- The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. The overreaching ity Partnerships: Opportunities for Federal Funding," was the goal of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation is to improve source of much of the information presented in this chapter the health and health care of all Americans. Among the foun- and several of the appendixes. The guide, which is updated dation's program goals is assuring that all Americans have periodically, is available on CTAA's website, access to quality health care at a reasonable cost. The foun- Click on Information Station and then on Funding. The CTAA dation funds a variety of grantees, including hospitals; med- website is also a good place to find current information about

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69 proposals for new federal programs and initiatives and leg- resources are available at the libraries and at many of the islative developments, all of which can affect specialized Cooperating Collections. All Center libraries and Coop- transportation funding. erating Collections maintain a selection of books and For more detail about the requirements associated with fed- periodicals relating to fundraising and philanthropy. The eral funding programs, the websites of the federal transporta- Literature of the Nonprofit Sector Online, a web-based tion and human services agencies that administer the programs version of the Center's bibliographic database, lists and can be helpful. Start at, or go directly to the abstracts many of these resources. FTA ( or DHHS ( websites Electronic Resources: Grantseeking organizations can for links to program and agency information. order FC Search: The Foundation Center's Database on State DOTs and regional and state-level human services CD-ROM, which includes more than 70,000 grant mak- agencies can also be sources of information. Refer to the sec- ers and 202,000 grant listings. CD-ROM prices range tion on locating transportation services for the transportation from $1,200 to $1,900, or the database can be used free disadvantaged in your area in Chapter 3 for tips on identify- of charge at any Foundation Center library or Cooperat- ing relevant organizations. ing Collection. FC Search is searchable by subject, name If you are located in an urbanized area with a population of foundation, geographic focus, and other categories. over 50,000, another organization with which you should be Online Resources: The Foundation Center's database acquainted is the region's MPO. Involvement with this plan- information is also available online. Individuals and ning body, through participation on its citizen's advisory com- agencies may do basic searches free of charge. More mittee or attendance at public meetings as described in Chap- detailed searches of the Foundation Directory Online ter 5, can help you to gain insight into funding opportunities are available by purchasing an online subscription. The and processes (as well as to bring transportation issues of Center offers four different subscription levels (offering concern to the attention of the MPO). In nonurbanized areas, varying levels of access to information), ranging from county or municipal planning departments may be able to $19.95 to over $200 per month. Additionally, the libraries serve the same function. in New York, Washington, D.C., and San Francisco offer Finally, if you are not already a member of your state tran- fee-based custom database searches for the public. The sit association, consider joining or participating in activities Foundation Directory Online subscription page is avail- it sponsors. Meetings and conferences typically include pre- able online at sentations by federal or state officials on topics such as fund- Publications: The Foundation Center's online Market- ing programs and new initiatives. Discussion of issues with place offers published directories, guides, research organizations that have the same interests and challenges as reports, and books for grantseekers. The Marketplace yours can also be educational and lead to the formation of has descriptions of all Foundation Center print and elec- beneficial partnerships. tronic publications, as well as some of the Center's other services. Directories of foundations are available at the national, regional, or international levels. Directories for Identifying Foundations That Fund specific subject areas are also available. Additionally, Transportation Projects grantseekers can subscribe to the Foundation Center's The prospect of identifying sources of foundation funding weekly newsletter, Philanthropy News Digest, which for transportation services may be discouraging, but some offers a compendium of philanthropy-related articles. key resources can make the task easier. The Marketplace is available online at http://fdncenter. Perhaps the most widely recognized source of information org/marketplace/ Courses: The Foundation Center offers a variety of is the Foundation Center, an independent, nonprofit organi- zation founded in 1956. The Foundation Center serves as a classroom-based and online courses, including an Online clearinghouse of information about grants available through- Orientation to the Grantseeking Process. Information on out the country. It offers the following methods for research- the Center's educational offerings is available online at ing potential funding foundations: The Foundation Center also includes an online listing Center Libraries and Cooperating Collections: The Cen- of websites maintained by community foundations, another ter operates libraries in New York, Atlanta, Cleveland, source for geographically specific funding; it is available at San Francisco, and Washington, DC. Additionally, 220 Cooperating Collections are offered around the country html. Additionally, the Center has compiled a bibliography of (in local libraries, for example). Cooperating Collections grantmaker directories, which are state-specific. These books have a core collection of the Center's resources. The five are typically published by nonprofit organizations, public Center libraries have staff trained to help with founda- libraries, or for-profit publishers and are sometimes available tion searches. Free orientations on how to use Center electronically. The Foundation Center's list of state founda-