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70 tion publications is shown in Appendix E on the accompany- Recognize that benefits may not be realized immedi- ing CD-ROM; the list is taken from the Guide to U.S. Foun- ately but may be long-term. Decision makers often want dations: Their Trustees, Officers and Donors, which is to see an immediate cost-savings from a coordination another excellent source for finding potential funding foun- initiative. However, cost savings and other benefits may dations and is also available from the Foundation Center. not be immediately apparent. Participants need to real- In addition to the Foundation Center, there are a few other ize the value of long-term impacts. sources of information for grantseeking organizations. The Start-up funding is likely to be necessary. Although a Council on Foundations is an association of more than 1,500 primary goal is often to save money, getting a coordi- grant-making foundations and corporations. The Council is nation effort underway usually requires some front-end geared more toward serving the needs of grantmakers than money for planning, buying necessary technology, etc. those of grantseekers. Nonetheless, it does maintain informa- Prepare to spend financial resources on ongoing man- tion on its members, and this information can be accessed via agement and administrative functions. Consider expen- its website, http://www.cof.org/. Similarly, Foundations On- ditures on items such as a sufficient number of well- Line offers a small directory of charitable grantmakers, avail- qualified staff and tools such as hardware and software able at http://www.foundations.org/. However, the Founda- as an investment in the future success of the coordina- tion Center is by far the most comprehensive resource for tion initiative. finding foundations, and transportation providers are likely to Enlist the aid of a coordination partner with access to have the greatest level of success using the Center's resources. significant financial resources. The participation of such a partner can make it much easier to acquire large items, such as hardware or software, which may be needed for ADVICE FROM PRACTITIONERS AND OTHER RESOURCES the coordination effort. Be aware that budget cutbacks at various levels of gov- Practitioners' Advice ernment may affect transportation service coordination efforts. On the one hand, cutbacks may provide addi- Guidance from case study subjects related to funding and tional incentives to find ways of more effectively coor- other financial issues is summarized below. dinating service, thereby saving money. On the other hand, the stronger effect may be to reduce the amount Focus on cost savings early in the process. It is helpful of funds that could otherwise be made available for to have a clear idea of what some of the concrete bene- coordination efforts, particularly some of the front-end fits of coordination may be. money needed to plan the coordination effort or to pur- Develop better cost information. Many agencies are chase necessary equipment or technology. unaware of the true cost of the transportation service that they provide. This creates problems when billing third-party agencies and also keeps agencies from real- Other Funding-Related Resources izing how much money they devote to transportation. A cost allocation methodology should allow "apple-to- For more information about potential federal sources of apple" comparisons between service proposals by a pub- funding for transportation services, see Building Mobility lic entity and nonprofit agencies. It may be difficult to Partnerships for People with Disabilities: Opportunities explain the benefits of contracting with a public pro- for Federal Funding and Promising Practices, prepared by vider to such agencies because they compare the cost of CTAA and Easter Seals Project ACTION for the U. S. DOT, contracting to their own estimates, which often do not FTA, June 2002. represent the full cost of providing the service. Stan- Appendix F, on the accompanying CD-ROM, provides an dardized guidelines and procedures for costing such ser- index of case studies, coordination guidebooks, and other doc- vices would be useful. uments that contain information about funding sources.