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B-1 APPENDIX B BRIEF LISTING OF GUIDELINES AND PROTOCOLS FOR HIGHWAY RUNOFF CHARACTERIZATION AND MANAGEMENT This appendix describes manuals that provide guidance additional field and laboratory methods of importance to the on monitoring highway runoff, designing stormwater control monitoring community. facilities or programs, evaluating BMP performance, or gen- eral stormwater management. This is not an attempt to include all available guidance manuals relevant to highway runoff Sediment Toxicity Testing Methods and Data characterization and management, but rather to provide a list Interpretation Bibliography of some of the more recent and comprehensive documents that can be used by highway stormwater professionals. Note This resource lists select literature dealing with sediment: that some documents span multiple subject areas and there- (1) toxicity testing, (2) bioaccumulation, (3) sediment quality fore may be listed more than once. triad, and (4) sediment quality guidelines. It was prepared for a presentation on "Sediment toxicity testing methods, and data interpretation," National Environmental Contaminants meet- ing of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Big Cedar Lodge, B.1 GENERAL STORMWATER MANAGEMENT Missouri, Monday, April 12, 1999; Chris Ingersoll, Columbia AND REGULATORY POLICIES GUIDANCE Environmental Research Center, USGS, Columbia, MO, chris_ingersoll@usgs.gov; Don MacDonald, MacDonald Water Quality Standards Inventory Database Environmental Sciences, Ltd., Ladysmith, British Columbia, sff-mesl@island.net.http://www.cerc.cr.usgs.gov/pubs/sedtox/ The database consists of water quality objectives (numeric sedbib.htm or narrative limits) and beneficial uses that have been estab- lished by each Regional Board for California surface waters. http://endeavor.des.ucdavis.edu/wqsid B.2 HIGHWAY RUNOFF MONITORING USGS. (2003). "National Highway Runoff Water-Quality Screening Quick Reference Tables Data and Methodology Synthesis, Volume I--Technical Issues for Monitoring Highway Runoff." Final Report to the NOAA has developed a set of Screening Quick Reference Federal Highway Administration, Granato, G. E., Zenone, Tables (SQuiRTs) that present screening concentrations for C. and Cazenas, P. A., eds., FHWA-EP-03-054, 479 pp. inorganic and organic contaminants in various environmen- Strecker, E., Mayo, L., Quigley, M., and Howell, J. (2001). tal media. The SQuiRTs also include guidelines for preserv- "Guidance Manual for Monitoring Highway Runoff Water ing samples and analytical technique options. http://response. Quality." Final Report to the Federal Highway Adminis- restoration.noaa.gov/cpr/sediment/squirt/squirt.html tration. FHWA-EP-01-022. Granato, G. E., Driskell, T. R., and Nunes, C. (2000). "CHEMICAL HELP--A Computer Help Application for Classification and Identification of Stormwater Con- National Environmental Methods Index (NEMI) stituents." U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 00-468, 10 p. http://ma.water.usgs.gov/FHWA/products/ The tool is a free web-based online clearinghouse of envi- ofr00468.pdf ronmental monitoring methods. The NEMI database con- Granato, G. E., and Tessler, S. (2000). "Data Model and tains chemical, microbiological and radiochemical method Relational Database Design for Highway Runoff Water- summaries of lab and field protocols for regulatory and non- Quality Metadata." U.S. Geological Survey Open-File regulatory water quality analyses. It is searchable over the Report 00-480, 15 pp. World Wide Web, providing up-to-date methods information Caltrans. (2000). "Guidance Manual: Stormwater Monitor- through a standard Internet connection and browser. By visit- ing Protocols." CSTRW-RT-00-005. http://www.dot.ca. ing http://www.nemi.gov users can access directly current gov/hq/env/stormwater/special/index.htm methods information. In the future, NEMI will be expanded U.S. EPA. (1992). "NPDES Storm Water Sampling Guid- to meet the needs of the monitoring community. For exam- ance." EPA 833-B-92-001. http://www.epa.gov/npdes/ ple, biological methods will be added to NEMI, along with pubs/owm0093.pdf

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B-2 B.3 STORMWATER CONTROL FACILITIES Maine AND PROGRAMS: DESIGN, OPERATIONS, Environmental Office Erosion and Sedimentation BMP MAINTENANCE, AND MONITORING Manual Federally Sponsored Stormwater BMP Manuals http://www.state.me.us/mdot/contractor-consultant-infor mation/pdf/bmprevision90602.pdf FHWA. (2000). Stormwater Best Management Practices in an Ultra-Urban Setting: Selection and Monitoring. FHWA- Maryland EP-00-002. Maryland Stormwater Design Manual, Volumes I and II Schueler, T. (1987). Controlling Urban Runoff--A Practical http://www.mde.state.md.us/Programs/WaterPrograms/ Manual for Planning and Designing Urban Best Manage- SedimentandStormwater/stormwater_design/index.asp ment Practices. Metropolitan Washington Council of Gov- ernments. Washington, D.C., 240 pp. Massachusetts ASCE/EPA. (2002). Urban Stormwater BMP Performance Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection Monitoring: A Guidance Manual for Meeting the National Stormwater Handbooks Stormwater BMP Database Requirements. EPA 821-C- http://www.state.ma.us/dep/brp/stormwtr/stormpub.htm 02-005. Caraco, D. and Claytor, R. (1997). Stormwater BMP Design Michigan Supplement for Cold Climates. Prepared by the Center for DEQ Index of BMPs/Individual BMPs Watershed Protection for the U.S. EPA. http://www.cwp. http://www.michigan.gov/deq/1,1607,7-135-3313_3682_ org/cold-climates.htm 3714-13186--,00.html FHWA. (2002). Roadside Use of Native Plants. http://www. fhwa.dot.gov/environment/rdsduse/index.htm Minnesota Protecting Water Quality in Urban Areas: A Manual State-Sponsored Stormwater BMP Manuals http://www.pca.state.mn.us/water/pubs/sw-bmpmanual.html The U.S. EPA Region 10: The Pacific Northwest pro- Urban Small Sites Best Management Practice Manual vides web links to stormwater BMP manuals from various http://www.metrocouncil.org/environment/watershed/bmp/ state agencies: manual.htm http://yosemite.epa.gov/R10/WATER.NSF/0/17090627a Missouri 929f2a488256bdc007d8dee?OpenDocument Protecting Water Quality: A Construction Site Water Quality Field Guide The documents below are a few of the most comprehen- http://www.dnr.state.mo.us/wpscd/wpcp/wpcp-guide.htm sive and highway-relevant state BMP manuals. Montana California Montana Department of Water Quality--Stormwater Pro- California Stormwater Quality Association Stormwater BMP gram--BMPs and Erosion Control Plans Handbooks http://www.deq.state.mt.us/pcd/wpb/erosion.htm http://www.cabmphandbooks.com New Hampshire Los Angeles Stormwater Program (click "Publications") Innovative Stormwater Treatment Technologies Best Man- http://www.lastormwater.org agement Practices Manual California Department of Transportation (Caltrans) Storm- http://www.des.state.nh.us/wmb/was/manual water Quality Handbooks http://www.dot.ca.gov/hq/construc/stormwater.html New Jersey Revised Manual for New Jersey: BMPs for Control of Non- Stormwater Quality Handbook--Project Planning and Design point Source Pollution from Stormwater Guide http://www.state.nj.us/dep/watershedmgt/bmpmanual.htm http://www.dot.ca.gov/hq/oppd/stormwtr/index.htm New York Georgia New York State Stormwater Management Design Manual Georgia Stormwater Management Manual http://www.dec.state.ny.us/website/dow/swmanual/swmanu http://www.georgiastormwater.com ual.html

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B-3 North Carolina Washington http://h2o.enr.state.nc.us/su/Manuals_Factsheets.htm http://www.ecy.wa.gov/programs/wq/stormwater/manual. html#copies North Carolina Dept. of Environment and Natural Resources http://www.wsdot.wa.gov/fasc/engineeringpublications/ http://h2o.enr.state.nc.us/su/Manuals_Factsheets.htm library.htm#H http://dnr.metrokc.gov/wlr/Dss/Spcm.htm Ohio http://www.epa.state.oh.us/dsw/storm Wyoming http://deq.state.wy.us/wqd/watershed/92171.pdf State Storm Oregon Water BMP Manuals http://www.deq.state.or.us/wq/wqpermit/wqpermit.htm Pennsylvania Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection B.4 WATERSHED PLANNING http://www.dep.state.pa.us/dep/deputate/watermgt/WC/s Water Quality Trading Assessment Handbook ubjects/StormwaterManagement/JustReleased.htm http://yosemite.epa.gov/R10/OI.NSF/Effluent+Trading/ET South Carolina http://www.scdhec.net/water/html/swnpdes.html U.S. EPA National Water Quality Trading Website http://www.scdhec.net/water/html/erfmain.html http://www.epa.gov/OWOW/watershed/trading.htm Tennessee A Watershed Approach to Urban Runoff: Handbook for Deci- http://www.state.tn.us/environment/wpc sionmakers Guide http://www.ci.knoxville.tn.us/engineering/bmp_manual http://www.ctic.purdue.edu/CTIC/Catalog/WatershedMana gement.html Texas http://www.txnpsbook.org/SiteMap.htm B.5 ASSESSMENT OF RECEIVING WATER Utah IMPACTS AND RESTORATION http://www.deq.state.ut.us/EQWQ/updes/stormwater.htm http://www.ci.west-valley.ut.us/pworks/storm%20water% Stormwater Effects Handbook: A Toolbox for Watershed 20utility/bmp3.htm Managers, Scientists, and Engineers http://www.epa.gov/ednnrmrl/publish/book/handbook Virginia Northern Virginia Regional Commission Restoration of Urban Streams: Practical Evaluation of Options http://www.novaregion.org/es_pubs.htm#bmp for 319(h) Funded Projects Urban Stream Restoration Field Manual Virginia Department of Conservation and Recreation http://www.state.nj.us/dep/watershedmgt/DOCS/Restorat http://www.dcr.state.va.us/sw/e&s-ftp.htm ion%20of%20Urban%20Streams.pdf