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B-1 APPENDIX B RESEARCHER SURVEY Bus and Motorcoach Fatigue Countermeasures RESEARCHER / TRB RESPONDENT INFORMATION 1 How many years have you been conducting research in transportation? 2 How many years have you been conducting research in the area of fatigue? AT TITUDES AND PROCESSES REGARDING FATIGUE 3 How Often Do You Believe Motorcoach Companies Perform the Following Activies? 1 2 3 4 5 N/A Never Rarely Sometimes Often Always a) Distribute Educational Materials and Activities to Alert Drivers to Fatigue Issues b) Conduct Safety Training

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B-2 c) Use a Centralized Scheduling System d) Use a Local Scheduling System e) Use Two Drivers for One Vehicle f) Use Flexibility in Scheduling (e.g., changes due to weather, traffic, etc.) 4 How Important Are Each of the Following Activities in Preventing Fatigue for Motorcoach Drivers? 1 2 3 4 5 Not Important At All Slightly Important Somewhat Moderately Important Very Important a) Distributing Educational Materials and Activities to Alert Drivers to Fatigue Issues b) Conducting Safety Training c) Using a Centralized Scheduling System d) Using a Local Scheduling System e) Using Two Drivers for One Vehicle f) Using Flexibility in Scheduling (e.g., changes due to weather, traffic, etc.)

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B-3 5 In general, to what degree do you think fatigue impacts motorcoach drivers' performance? No Impact A Minimal Impact A Moderate Impact A Significant Impact 6 In your opinion, approximately what percentage of motorcoach CRASHES that occurred in the United States in the past 2 years are DUE TO FATIGUE? 0 25% 50% 75% 100% 7 In your opinion, approximately what percentage of motorcoach NEAR MISSES OR INCIDENTS that occurred in the United States in the past 2 years were DUE TO FATIGUE? 0 25% 50% 75% 100% METHODS TO FIGHT FATIGUE Motorcoach companies and their drivers typically use a number of different methods to

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B-4 help keep drivers alert and fight fatigue. Please review each of the following methods and rate each on 1) how EFFECTIVE you think each is help motorcoach drivers fight fatigue and 2) how FREQUENTLY you believe motorcoach companies use these methods. 8 How EFFECTIVE is Each Method to Fight Fatigue? 2 1 3 4 5 Slightly Not Effective at All Somewhat Effective Moderately Effective Very Effective Effective Using Caffeine to Maintain Alertness Using Sleeping Aids (melatonin, Sominex) to Help Initiate Sleep Scheduling a Full Block of Rest (7 to 8 hours) e Scheduling Routes/Trips to Follow a Regular Schedul Talking with Others Listening to the Radio Using 2 Drivers on Selected Routes An "Alert Indicator" Such as Offered by Assistware that Monitors Driving Performance The "Co-Pilot" System, that Detects How Often and Long Drivers' Eyes are Closed

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B-5 A System to Detect Lane Departures and Alerting the Driver, Such as the Iteris AutoVue System A Sleep Detection System that Monitors a Driver's Head Position ("bobbing") Such as "HeadTrak" 9 How FREQUENTLY Do Motorcoach Companies Use Each of the Following Methods to Fight Fatigue? 1 2 3 4 5 Never Rarely Sometimes Often Always Using Caffeine to Maintain Alertness Using Sleeping Aids (melatonin, Sominex) to Initiate Sleep Scheduling a Full Block of Rest (7 to 8 hours) Scheduling Routes/Trips to Follow a Regular Schedule Talking with Others Listening to the Radio Using 2 Drivers on Selected Routes

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B-6 An "Alert Indicator" Such as Offered by Assistware that Monitors Driving Performance The "Co-Pilot" System, that Detects How Often and Long Drivers' Eyes are Closed A System to Detect Lane Departures and Alerting the Driver, such as the Iteris AutoVue System A Sleep Detection System that Monitors a Driver's Head Position ("bobbing") Such as HeadTrak RECOMMENDATIONS 10 Please provide descriptions of any strategies, activities, or devices that you think would help motorcoach drivers prevent fatigue or detect fatigue when they are driving. FOLLOW-UP If you would like an electronic copy of this survey's results, please provide us with your Name, Organization, and E-mail address. 11

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B-7 Name 12 Organization 13 Email Address