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8 BACKGROUND SUMMARY Champ was the only comprehensive software system identi- fied in the background search that was specific to DBE The GAO 2000 report was the most comprehensive publica- reporting and data collection. The websites represent current tion that relied on data collected from transportation organi- information and sources for subject matter content, but they zations to form a basis for its conclusions. The AASHTO sur- do not represent traditional archival documents. They con- vey was very narrowly focused but informative; however, tain contemporary information. Traditional research studies the data collected by the FHWA was not previously pub- and detailed journal articles covering issues or topics in the lished. The articles in trade magazines and journals were pre- DBE program relevant to the current regulation were not dominately the opinion of a single author and additional found. No surveys, studies, or reports on FTA or FAA DBE commentary can be found published with the Final Rule. programs were identified in the background investigation.