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21 APPENDIX A Survey Questionnaire NATIONAL COOPERATIVE HIGHWAY RESEARCH PROGRAM PROJECT 20-5, SYNTHESIS TOPIC 33-10 STEEL BRIDGE ERECTION PRACTICES OWNER QUESTIONNAIRE There are many varied steel bridge erection practices, used on increasingly complex structural systems, which have a signifi- cant effect on the final profile, location, and position of the erected members. The primary concern is how do these different erection practices, as prescribed by owners and/or developed and implemented by erectors, affect the final position and func- tion of the erected members. This questionnaire is only for steel I-girder and box-girder bridges, with particular empha- sis on curved, skewed, and staged or widened structures. Your help in developing a synthesis report of the issues, problems, and results of these erection practices is requested through the completion of this questionnaire. The information you provide will be used to develop a report that will provide an up-to- date compilation of current issues, problems, and practices. Please return your completed questionnaire via e-mail, before August 9, 2002, to frbeckmann@att.net. Please send the requested specifications and other documentation before August 9, 2002, to: Fred Beckmann Consultant 167 Hawthorne Lane Chicago Heights, IL 60411 If you have any questions, please contact Mr. Beckmann by telephone at 708-754-1677 or by e-mail at frbeckmann@att.net. Note: 1. The gray square boxes may be checked using the space bar on the keyboard or with a left mouse click. 2. The gray rectangular areas query a written entry that will allow multiple lines of text. 3. Save responses before closing a partially completed document and retrieve them when reopening the file. Please provide the name of the person completing this questionnaire or someone who may be contacted to obtain any needed follow-up information: Name: ________________________________________ Title: ________________________________________ Agency: ________________________________________ Address: ________________________________________ Town/State/Zip: ________________________________________ Telephone: ________________________________________ Fax: ________________________________________ E-mail Address: ________________________________________ Thank you very much for your help.

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22 STATE QUESTIONNAIRE This questionnaire has been developed as part of an NCHRP Synthesis Report addressing erection practices for steel I-girder and box-girder bridges, with particular emphasis on skewed, curved, and staged or widened structures. Please answer the questions from that perspective. Also note that this questionnaire is divided into five parts: General, Design, Fabrication and Detailing, Erection, and Other. When returning any supporting documents with the report, please indicate the number of the applicable question. Also, in instances where a contact person is requested, please provide a name, telephone number, and e-mail address for follow-up considerations. GENERAL 1. Please send a copy of your state's Standard Construction Specifications or those parts dealing with steel bridge fabrica- tion and erection for comparison with the current AASHTO requirements. 2. Are there separate Standard Special Provisions or such documents, not part of your Standard Construction Specifications relating to steel erection, which are generally or often part of the bid documents for steel structures? Yes No If Yes, please return a copy of those documents with this questionnaire. 3. Have you experienced any problems in the alignment, deflection, or final position (both girder elevation and web verti- cality) of steel members after erection and/or deck pour that may be attributable to construction specification issues? Yes No If Yes, please furnish contact (if different from person named on Page 1) Name , Phone , E-mail address , and any other available information 4. Have you experienced any stability issues as a result of wind loads, deck overhang, concrete placement, lifting and han- dling, and temporary and/or permanent bracing or supports? Yes No If Yes, please furnish contact (if different from person named on Page 1) Name , Phone , E-mail address , and any other available information 5. Have you experienced any problems with staged construction that may be attributable to erection requirements or practices? Yes No If Yes, please furnish contact (if different from person named on Page 1) Name , Phone , E-mail address , and any other available information

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23 DESIGN 6. Do you require the design to show an erection procedure (similar to requirements for truss and cable-stayed bridges) for com- plex structures where there may be potential problems in alignment, deflection, or final position (girder elevation and web verticality) of the members due to skewed piers and abutments, curved structures, differential deflections, span lengths, etc.? Yes No If Yes, please furnish a typical sample of those requirements. 7. What impact does the sophistication of the design and analysis practices have on erection practices or procedures? 8. Have you experienced any problems in the alignment, deflection, or final position (girder elevation and web verticality) of steel members after erection and/or deck pour that may be attributable to design issues (differential deflection, curved members, skewed supports, etc.)? Yes No If Yes, please furnish contact (if different from person named on Page 1) Name , Phone , E-mail address , and any other available information 9. If you are concerned with actual deflections and girder rotations due to geometry, what methods of analysis do you use to predict these deflections for straight or curved I-girders or box girders on normal or skewed supports? 10. Do you have requirements for flange width-to-thickness ratios or flange width-to-web-depth ratios that are different from those cited in AASHTO? Yes No If Yes, please furnish a copy of these requirements. 11. Do you have any requirements for flange width-to-member-length ratios for handling and erection concerns? Yes No If Yes, please furnish a copy of these requirements. FABRICATION AND DETAILING 12. Have you experienced any problems in the alignment, deflection, or final position (girder elevation and web verticality) of steel members after erection and/or deck pour that may be attributable to fabrication and detailing issues? Yes No If Yes, please furnish contact (if different from person named on Page 1) Name , Phone , E-mail address , and any other available information 13. Are your shop assembly requirements specified in the documents furnished in Questions 1 and 2? Yes No If No, please furnish a copy of these requirements.

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24 14. Do you allow alternative shop assembly methods to those specified if so requested? Yes No If Yes, under what conditions? 15. Do you allow the use of oversized holes in crossframes and connection stiffeners for skewed or curved structures? Yes No If Yes, under what conditions? ERECTION 16. Have you experienced any problems in the alignment, deflection, or final position (girder elevation and web verticality) of steel members after erection and/or deck pour that may be attributable to erection issues? Yes No If Yes, please furnish contact (if different from person named on Page 1) Name , Phone , E-mail address , and any other available information 17. Were the problems noted in Question 16 due to improper erection procedures? Yes No If Yes, please comment. 18. Were the problems noted in Question 16 due to improper implementation of the erection procedures? Yes No If Yes, please comment. 19. Have field inspection verification procedures been acceptable? Yes No If No, please comment. 20. Do you require the erector to submit an analysis and erection procedure regardless of whether or not one was performed by the designer? Yes No Please comment. 21. Do you check and approve erection procedures submitted by the erector? Yes No If Yes, in what detail. If No, why not? 22. What impact do erection procedures written by the state DOT or transportation agency have on the quality of the erected structure (if required, see Question 6)?

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25 23. What good field connection practices do you feel have the most impact on the final geometry of the erected structure? 24. What temporary methods have you successfully used in erecting complex structures (e.g., temporary bracing, construc- tion sequences, etc.)? OTHER 25. Do you have a "steel specialist" or "advisory group" within your organization that reviews and provides assistance to designers developing steel bridge plans? Yes No If Yes, please furnish contact (if different from person named on Page 1) Name , Phone , E-mail address 26. Can you supply the names of any contractors, fabricators, or erectors and a contact that have been involved with the type of problems addressed in this document and could provide another perspective on the issues? 27. Are you aware of any current research on the issues discussed? 28. Do you have any recommendations for future research specific issues? 29. In summary, what are the key issues associated with achieving a properly erected structure? 30. Additional comments are most welcome. 31. Please list documents sent to contractor.

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26 NATIONAL COOPERATIVE HIGHWAY RESEARCH PROGRAM PROJECT 20-5, SYNTHESIS TOPIC 33-10 STEEL BRIDGE ERECTION PRACTICES FABRICATOR QUESTIONNAIRE There are many varied steel bridge erection practices, used on increasingly complex structural systems, which have a signifi- cant effect on the final profile, location, and position of the erected members. The primary concerns are how do these differ- ent erection practices, as prescribed by owners and/or developed and implemented by erectors, affect the final position and function of the erected members. This questionnaire is only for steel I-girder and box-girder bridges, with particular emphasis on curved, skewed, and staged or widened structures. Your help in developing a synthesis report of the issues, problems, and results of these erection practices is requested through the completion of this questionnaire. The information you provide will be used to develop a report that will provide an up-to- date compilation of current issues, problems, and practices. If you prefer an electronic version that can be completed using MS Word, send an e-mail to frbeckmann@att.net requesting the "Fabricator Questionnaire Electronic Version." Please return your completed questionnaire via e-mail, before August 9, 2002, to frbeckmann@att.net. Please send any additional documentation or materials before August 9, 2002, to: Fred Beckmann Consultant 167 Hawthorne Lane Chicago Heights, IL 60411 If you have any questions, please contact Mr. Beckmann by telephone at (708) 754-1677 or by e-mail at frbeckmann@att.net. Note: 1. The gray square boxes may be checked using the space bar on the keyboard or with a left mouse click. 2. The gray rectangular areas query a written entry that will allow multiple lines of text. 3. Save responses before closing a partially completed document and retrieve them when reopening the file. Please provide the name of the person completing this questionnaire or someone who may be contacted to obtain any needed follow-up information: Name: ________________________________ Title: ________________________________ Company: ________________________________ Address: ________________________________ Town/State/Zip: ________________________________ Telephone: ________________________________ Fax: ________________________________ E-mail Address: ________________________________ Thank you very much for your help.

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27 FABRICATOR QUESTIONNAIRE This questionnaire has been developed as part of an NCHRP Synthesis Report addressing erection practices for steel I-girder and box-girder bridges, with particular emphasis on skewed, curved, and staged or widened structures. Please answer the questions from that perspective. The primary focus of the synthesis report is based on a rather extensive set of questions that has been sent to the state bridge engineers; however, several of the issues require fabricator and erector input. 1. From a fabricator's perspective, what is the most effective shop assembly practice for straight I-girder bridges (webs hor- izontal or vertical, with or without crossframes, minimum three girders or bearing to bearing, etc.)? 2. From a fabricator's perspective, what is the most effective shop assembly practice for curved I-girder bridges (webs hor- izontal or vertical, with or without crossframes, minimum three girders or bearing to bearing, etc.)? 3. From a fabricator's perspective, what is the most effective shop assembly practice for straight box-girder bridges (mini- mum three girders or bearing to bearing, with or without external crossframes)? 4. From a fabricator's perspective, what is the most effective shop assembly practice for curved box-girder bridges (mini- mum three girders or bearing to bearing, with or without external crossframes)? 5. What impact do field connection practices have on final bridge geometry? 6. From a fabricator's perspective, what are the key important issues associated with achieving a properly erected structure? 7. Have you experienced any problems in the alignment, deflection, or final position (girder elevation and web verticality) of steel members after erection and/or deck pour that may be attributable to construction specification issues, design prac- tices, or fabrication and erection practices? Yes No If Yes, please supply any information about the severity and frequency of the problems, their causes, appropriate fixes, and any recommendations that would prevent the problems on future work. Please furnish a contact name and phone num- ber so that we may discuss the issues in more detail 8. Are you aware of any current research on these issues? 9. Any new research recommendations? 10. Additional thoughts.

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28 NATIONAL COOPERATIVE HIGHWAY RESEARCH PROGRAM PROJECT 20-5, SYNTHESIS TOPIC 33-10 STEEL BRIDGE ERECTION PRACTICES ERECTOR QUESTIONNAIRE There are many varied steel bridge erection practices, used on increasingly complex structural systems, which have a signifi- cant effect on the final profile, location, and position of the erected members. The primary concerns are how do these differ- ent erection practices, as prescribed by owners and/or developed and implemented by erectors, affect the final position and function of the erected members. This questionnaire is only for steel I-girder and box-girder bridges, with particular emphasis on curved, skewed, and staged or widened structures. Your help in developing a synthesis report of the issues, problems, and results of these erection practices is requested through the completion of this questionnaire. The information you provide will be used to develop a report that will provide an up-to- date compilation of current issues, problems, and practices. If you prefer an electronic version that can be completed using MS Word, send an e-mail to frbeckmann@att.net requesting the "Erector Questionnaire Electronic Version." Please return your completed questionnaire via e-mail, before August 9, 2002, to frbeckmann@att.net. Please send any additional documentation or materials before August 9, 2002, to: Fred Beckmann Consultant 167 Hawthorne Lane Chicago Heights, IL 60411 If you have any questions, please contact Mr. Beckmann by telephone at (708) 754-1677 or by e-mail at frbeckmann@att.net. Note: 1. The gray square boxes may be checked using the space bar on the keyboard or with a left mouse click. 2. The gray rectangular areas query a written entry that will allow multiple lines of text. 3. Save responses before closing a partially completed document and retrieve them when reopening the file. Please provide the name of the person completing this questionnaire or someone who may be contacted to obtain any needed follow-up information: Name: ____________________________ Title: ____________________________ Company: ____________________________ Address: ____________________________ Town/State/Zip: ____________________________ Telephone: ____________________________ Fax: ____________________________ E-mail Address: ____________________________ Thank you very much for your help.

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29 ERECTOR QUESTIONNAIRE This questionnaire has been developed as part of an NCHRP Synthesis Report addressing erection practices for steel I-girder and box-girder bridges with particular emphasis on skewed, curved, and staged or widened structures. Please answer the questions from that perspective. The primary focus of the synthesis report is based on a rather extensive set of questions that has been sent to the state bridge engineers; however, several of the issues require fabricator and erector input. 1. Have you erected any I-girder or box-girder bridges where the owner provided an erection procedure? Yes No If Yes, describe the bridge types and frequency. 2. If the answer to Question 1 was Yes, what impact did these owners' erection procedures have on the quality of the erected structure? 3. What approach or concept do you use to locate falsework and sequence erection to ensure proper fit-up, geometry, and girder profile? 4. Have you experienced any problems in the alignment, deflection, or final position (girder elevation and web verticality) of steel members after erection and/or deck pour that may be attributable to construction specification issues, design prac- tices, or fabrication and erection practices? Yes No If Yes, please supply any information about the severity and frequency of the problems, their causes, appropriate fixes, and any recommendations that would prevent the problems on future work. Please furnish a contact name and phone num- ber so that we may discuss the issues in more detail. 5. Do you have recommendations for flange-width-to-thickness ratios or flange-width-to-web-depth ratios that are different from those in AASHTO? Yes No If Yes, please furnish a copy of these requirements. 6. Do you have recommendations for flange-width-to-member-length ratios as they relate to handling and erection concerns? Yes No If Yes, please furnish a copy of these requirements. 7. Have you experienced any stability issues as a result of wind loads, deck overhang, concrete placement, lifting and han- dling, and temporary and/or permanent bracing or supports? Yes No If Yes, please supply any information about the severity and frequency of the problems, their causes, appropriate fixes, and any recommendations that would prevent the problems on future work. Please furnish a contact name and phone num- ber so that we may discuss the issues in more detail.

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30 8. Have you experienced any problems with staged construction that may be attributable to erection requirements or practices? Yes No If Yes, please supply any information about the severity and frequency of the problems, their causes, appropriate fixes, and any recommendations that would prevent the problems on future work. Please furnish a contact name and phone num- ber so to that we may discuss the issues in more detail. 9. How do you calculate or address stability issues when lifting individual curved members? 10. What impact do field connection practices have on final bridge geometry? 11. Are you aware of any current research on these issues? 12. Any new research recommendations? 13. From an erector's perspective, what are the key important issues associated with achieving a properly erected structure? 14. Additional thoughts.