Click for next page ( 36


The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement



Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.

OCR for page 35
35 REFERENCES Australian Transport Council. National Heavy Vehicle Safety Strat- Gorton, C. Seat Belt Pre-Tensioning Technology. Presented at SAE egy: 20032010. National Road Transport Commission, 2003. Symposium on Safety Belt Technologies, TRW Automotive, www.ntc.gov.au. Washington, D.C., May 12, 2004. Balci, R., Vertz, A., and Shen, W. Comfort and Usability of the Seat Gowdy, V., George, M., and McLean, G. A. Comparison of Buckle Belts. SAE Technical Paper Series, No. 2001-01-0051. Presented Release Timing for Push-Button and Lift-Latch Belt Buckles. at SAE 2001 World Congress, Detroit, MI, March 2001. Reprinted FAA Technical Report No. DOT-FAA-AM-99-5, FAA Civil in Human Factors in Automotive Design (SP-1591). Aeromedical Institute, Oklahoma City, OK, Feb. 1999. Boyce, T. E., and Geller, E. S. "Attempts to Increase Vehicle Gras, M. E., Cunill, M., Planes, M., Sullman, M. J. M., and Oliveras, Safety-Belt Use Among Industry Workers: What Can We Learn C. "Increasing Safety-Belt Use in Spanish Drivers: A Field Test of from Our Failures?" Journal of Organizational Behavior Man- Personal Prompts." Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, Vol. 36, agement, Vol. 19, No. 3, 1999, pp. 2744. No. 2, 2003, pp., 249251. Cann, A. P., Salmoni, A. W., and Eger, T. R. "Predictors of Whole- Gross, C. M. The Right Fit: The Power of Ergonomics as a Com- Body Vibration Exposure Experienced by Highway Transport petitive Strategy. Productivity Press, Portland, OR, 1996. Truck Operators." Ergonomics, Vol. 47, No. 13, 2004, pp. Hagenzieker, M. P. "Drivers Opinions of Enforcement and Incen- 14321453. tive Strategies to Promote Safety Belt Use." Journal of Safety Charbotel, B., Martin, J. L., Gadegbeku, B., and Chiron, M. Research, Vol. 23, No. 4, 1992, pp. 199206. "Severity Factors for Truck Drivers' Injuries." American Journal Hagenzieker, M. P., Bijleveld, F. D., and Davidse, R. J. "Effects of Epidemiology, Vol. 158, 2003, pp. 753759. of Incentive Programs to Stimulate Safety Belt Use: A Meta- Chliaoutakis, J. E., Gnardellis, C., Drakou, I., Darviri, C., and Analysis." Accident Analysis and Prevention, Vol. 29, No. 6, Sboukis, V. "Modelling the Factors Related to the Seatbelt Use 1997, pp. 759777. by Young Drivers of Athens." Accident Analysis and Prevention, Hanna, V. An Assessment of Safety Belt Use in Alaska. Alaska Vol. 32, No. 6, 2000, pp. 815825. Highway Safety Office, Summer 2003. Clancy, E. W. Seat Belt Load Limiting for Increased Safety: Tech- Herbel, S. B., and Scopatz, R. A. Motivating Employees to Use nologies, Performance, and Effectiveness. Presented at SAE Safety Belts: Practical Recommendations Based on a Review of Symposium on Seat Belt Technologies, Key Safety Systems, Inc., the Literature and Practice. Network of Employees for Traffic Washington, D.C., May 12, 2004. Safety and Drive Smart Virginia program (undated, circa 2001). Cohen, A., and Einav, L. "The Effect of Mandatory Seat Belt Laws Hix, K., Ziemba, S., and Schoof, L. Truck Seat Modeling: A Meth- on Driving Behavior and Traffic Fatalities." The Review of Eco- ods Development Approach. Presented at the 2000 International nomics and Statistics, Vol. 85, No. 4, 2003, pp. 828843. ADAMS User Conference. http://support.adams.com/userconf/ Depue, L., Missouri Commercial Motor Vehicle Safety Belt Survey, iuc/proceedings/36. Unpublished research study, Central Missouri State University, Howell, W., Champion, D. A., DeLucia, P. R., Bella Dinh-Zarr, T., Warrensburg (2004). Finkelstein, M. M., Haseltine, P. W., Loeb, P. D., Reinfurt, Ferguson, S. A., Wells, J. K., Williams, A. F., and Feldman, A. F. D. W., Tanur, J. M., Viano, D. C., Williams, A. F., and Zmud, "Belt Use Rates Among Taxicab Drivers in a Jurisdiction with J. P. Special Report 278: Buckling Up: Technologies to Increase License Points for Nonuse." Journal of Safety Research, Vol. 30, No. 2, 1999, pp. 8791. Seat Belt Use. TRB, National Academies, Washington, D.C. Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration. MCMIS (Motor Car- (2003). www.TRB.org. rier Management Information System) Safety Belt (392.16) Vio- International Standards Organization. "Guide for the Evaluation lations Cited During Inspections Conducted from Jan 1, 2003 to of Human Exposure to Whole Body Vibration." ISO Standard Dec 31, 2003. No. 2631-1, 1997 (updated 2002). Geller, E. S. Corporate Incentives for Promoting Safety Belt Johnston, J. J., Hendricks, S. A., and Fike, J. M. "Effectiveness Use: Rationale, Guidelines and Examples. NHTSA Technical of Behavioral Safety Interventions." Accident Analysis and Report, U.S. Department of Transportation, Washington, D.C., Prevention, Vol. 26, No. 3, 1994, pp. 315323. October 1982. Kim, K., and Tremblay, D. M. "The Observed Use of Restraints Geller, E. S. "Rewarding Safety Belt Usage at an Industrial Setting: by Large Vehicle Drivers in Hawaii." University of Hawaii Tests of Treatment Generality and Response Maintenance." Department of Urban and Regional Planning, 2004. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, Dec. 1982. Knipling, R. R., Hickman, J. S., and Bergoffen, G. CTBSSP Syn- Geller, E. S., Paterson, L., and Talbott, E. "A Behavioral Analysis thesis of Safety Practice 1: Effective Commercial Truck and Bus of Incentive Prompts for Motivating Seat Belt Use." Journal of Safety Management Techniques. TRB, The National Academies, Applied Behavior Analysis, Vol. 15, No. 3, 1982. Washington, D.C., 2003. Geller, E. S., Rudd, J. R., Kalsher, M. J., Streff, F. M., and Lehman, Knoblauch, R., Cotton, R., Nitzburg, M., Seifert, R., Shapiro, G., G. R. Long-Term Effects of Employer-Based Programs to Moti- and Broene, P. "Safety Belt Usage by Commercial Motor Vehi- vate Safety Belt Use. NHTSA Technical Report, U.S. Department cle Drivers." FMCSA Technical Report, U.S. Department of of Transportation, Washington, D.C., 1987. Transportation, Washington, D.C., Nov. 2003.

OCR for page 35
36 McGuffie, D. "Seats." Drivers: for the Owner/Operator and Pro- Sahai, V. S., Pitblado, J. R., Bota, G. W., Rowe, B. H. "Factors fessional Truck Driver, Feb. 1, 2002, available on the web at: Associated with Seat Belt Use: An Evaluation from the Ontario http://driversmag.com. Health Survey." Canadian Journal of Public Health-Revue Cana- McNamara, J. "Protecting Drivers: Seat Belts Are the First Defense." dienne De Sante Publique, Vol. 89, No. 5, 1998, pp. 320324. Transport Topics, Mar.10, 1997a, pp. 8, 12, and 54. Scott, K. "Safety Belt Use in Large Trucks: A Guide to Encourage McNamara, J. "Protecting Drivers: Seat Belts Remain the Best Safety Belt Use among Drivers of Heavy Trucks." U.S. DOT HS First Defense in the Event of an Accident." Go West, May 1997b, Technical Report No. 807-964, National Highway Traffic Safety pp. 811. Administration. U.S. Department of Transportation, Washington, Muller, K., Veneziano, D., and Hallmark, S. "Evaluation of Racial D.C., April 1993. Differences in Seat Belt and Child Restraint Use: A Review of Shinar, D., Schechtman, E., and Compton, R. "Self Reports of Safe Current Literature." Technical Report No. CTRE Project 03-151, Driving Behaviours in Relationship to Sex, Age, Education and Iowa State University Center for Transportation Research and Income in the U.S. Driving Population." Accident Analysis and Education, Ames, IA, Jan. 2004. Prevention, 2001, Vol. 33, pp. 243255. Paddan, G. S., and Griffin, M. J. "Use of Seating to Control Exposures Shults, R. A., Elder, R. W., Sleet, D. A., Thompson, R. S., and to Whole-Body Vibration." Contract Research Report No. 335/ Nichols, J. L. "Primary Enforcement Seat Belt Laws Are Effec- 2001. Health and Safety Executive, Human Factors Research Unit, tive Even in the Face of Rising Belt Use Rates." Accident Analy- University of Southampton, United Kingdom, 2001. sis and Prevention, Vol. 36, No. 3, 2004, pp. 491493. Parker, J. G. "European Trucks Are Safe--But Drivers Don't Buckle Sickon, R. Technologies to Improve Seatbelt Usage. Presented at Up: Cab Strength, Soft Interiors Cannot Compensate for Resis- SAE Symposium on Seat Belt Technologies, Delphi, Washing- tance to Seat Belts." Transport Topics, Mar. 1997, pp.10 and 54. ton, D.C., May 12, 2004. Preece, R. The Safety Benefits from Seat Belt Use by Heavy Truck Society of Automotive Engineers. "Human Factors in Driving and Occupants. Presented at the 25th Australasian Transport Research Telematics, and Seating Comfort." A special publication of the Forum, Oct. 2002. SAE 2004 World Congress. SAE-SP No. 1877, Warrendale, PA, Prentkowski, D. Considerations for Optimizing Pretensioner Per- 2004. formance in Automotive Seat Belt Applications. Presented at White, D. J., and Washington, S. P. "Safety-Restraint Use Rate as SAE Symposium on Safety Belt Technologies, Autoliv North Function of Law Enforcement and Other Factors--Preliminary America, Washington, D.C., May 12, 2004. Analysis." In Transportation Research Record 1779, TRB, The Reed, M. P., and Lehto, M. M. "Development of Belt Fit Assess- National Academies, Washington, D.C., 2001, pp. 109115. ment Components for the ASPECT Manikin." UMTRI Technical Report No. 2001-13, The University of Michigan Transportation Note: References for Appendix E of this synthesis are included in Research Institute Biosciences Division, Ann Arbor, April 2001. Appendix E.