Cover Image

Not for Sale



View/Hide Left Panel
Click for next page ( 78


The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement



Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.

OCR for page 77
77 REFERENCES 1. Cominsky, R., R.B. Leahy, and E.T. Harrigan. Level One Mix 12. Kandhal, P.S., S.A. Cross, and E.R. Brown. "Heavy Duty Design: Materials Selection, Compaction, and Conditioning, Asphalt Pavements in Pennsylvania: Evaluation for Rut- SHRP A-408. Strategic Highway Research Program, National ting," Transportation Research Record 1384, Transportation Research Council, Washington, DC, 1994. Research Board, National Research Council, Washington, DC, 1993; pp. 4958. 2. Kandhal, P.S., and F. Parker, Jr. NCHRP Report 405: Aggre- gate Tests Related to Asphalt Concrete Performance in Pave- 13. Hand, A.J., J.A. Epps, and P.E. Sebaaly. "Precision of ASTM ments, Transportation Research Board, National Research D5821 Standard Test Method for Determining the Percentage Council, Washington, DC, 1998. of Fractured Particles in Coarse Aggregate," Journal of Test- ing and Evaluation, American Society for Testing and Mate- 3. Kandhal, P.S., and L.A. Cooley, Jr. NCHRP Report 464: The rials, Vol. 28, No. 2; 2000; pp. 6775. Restricted Zone in the Superpave Aggregate Gradation Speci- fication. Transportation Research Board, National Research 14. American Society of Testing and Materials. "Road and Paving Council, Washington, DC, 2001. Materials: Vehicle-Pavement Systems," Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Section 4, Vol. 04.03, American Society of Test- 4. Campen, W.H., and J.R. Smith. "A Study of the Role of ing and Materials, West Conshohocken, PA, 1995. Angular Aggregates in the Development of Stability in Bitu- minous Mixtures," Proceedings of the Association of Asphalt 15. American Association of State Highway and Transportation Paving Technologists, Vol. 17; 1984. Officials. AASHTO Provisional Standards, American Associ- ation of State Highway and Transportation Officials, Wash- 5. Field, F. "Effect of Percent Crushed Variation in Coarse ington, DC, 2002. Aggregates for Bituminous Mixes," Proceedings of the Asso- 16. American Society of Testing and Materials. "Road and ciation of Asphalt Paving Technologists, Vol. 27; 1958. Paving Materials: Vehicle-Pavement Systems," Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Section 4, Vol. 04.03, American Society 6. Wedding, P.A., and R.D. Gaynor. "The Effect of Using of Testing and Materials, West Conshohocken, PA, 2002. Crushed Gravel as the Coarse and Fine Aggregate in Dense Graded Bituminous Mixtures," Proceedings of the Associa- 17. Cross, S.A., and E.R. Brown. "Selection of Aggregate Proper- tion of Asphalt Paving Technologists, Vol. 30; 1961. ties to Minimize Rutting of Heavy Duty Pavements," Effects of Aggregates and Mineral Fillers on Asphalt Mixture Perfor- 7. Boutilier, O.D. "A Study of the Relation Between the Particle mance, ASTM STP 1147. American Society for Testing and Index of the Aggregate and the Properties of Bituminous Materials, Philadelphia, PA, 1992. Aggregate Mixtures," Proceedings of the Association of Asphalt Paving Technologists, Vol. 30; 1961. 18. Carlberg, M., C.F. Berthelot, and N. Richardson. "In-Service Rut Performance of Saskatchewan Highways and Transporta- 8. Kalcheff, I.V. "Research on Bituminous Concrete Properties tion Asphalt Concrete Mixes." In Canadian Technical Asphalt with Large-Sized Aggregates of Different Particle Shape" In Proceedings 2002, Calgary, Alberta, 2002. Highway Research Board Special Report 109: Effects of Aggre- gate Size, Shape, and Surface Texture on Properties of Bitumi- 19. Ahlrich, R.C. "Influence of Aggregate Properties on Perfor- nous Mixtures, Highway Research Board, National Research mance of Heavy-Duty Hot-Mix Asphalt Pavement," Trans- Council, Washington, DC, 1970. portation Research Record 1547, Transportation Research Board, National Research Council, Washington, DC, 1996; 9. Marks, V.J., R.W. Monroe, and J.F. Adam. "Effects of Crushed pp. 714. Particles in Asphalt Mixtures," Transportation Research Record 1259, Transportation Research Board, National 20. Kandhal, P.S., M.A. Khatri, and J.B. Motter. "Evaluation of Research Council, Washington, DC, 1990; pp. 91106. Particle Shape and Texture of Mineral Aggregates and Their Blends," Journal of the Association of Asphalt Paving Tech- 10. Cross, S.A., and E.R. Brown. "A National Study of Rutting in nologists, Vol. 61; 1992; pp. 217240. Asphalt Pavement," Journal of the Association of Asphalt Paving Technologists, Vol. 61; 1992; pp. 535583. 21. Hossain, M.S., F. Parker, Jr., and P.S. Kandhal. "Uncom- pacted Voids and Particle Index Tests for Evaluating Coarse 11. Parker, F., and E.R. Brown. "Effects of Aggregate Properties Aggregate," Transportation Research Record 1721, Trans- on Flexible Pavement Rutting in Alabama," American Soci- portation Research Board, National Research Council, Wash- ety for Testing and Materials, STP 1147; 1992. ington, DC, 2000; pp. 100105.

OCR for page 77
78 22. Hossain, M.S., F. Parker, and Kandhal, P.S. "Comparison and 35. Brown, E.R., J.E. Haddock, T.A. Lynn, and R.B. Mallick. Evaluation of Tests for Coarse Aggregate Particle Shape, CRP-CD-1: Bituminous Materials Research Series; Design- Angularity, and Surface Texture," Journal of Testing and Eval- ing Stone Matrix Asphalt Mixtures Volume II--Research uation, American Society for Testing and Materials, JTEVA, Results for Phase II., Final Report for NCHRP Project 9-8, Vol. 28, No. 2; March 2000; pp. 7787. Transportation Research Board, National Research Council, Washington, DC, 1998. 23. Rismantojo, E. "Permanent Deformation and Moisture Suscep- tibility Related aggregate Tests for Use in Hot-Mix Asphalt 36. Vavrik, W.R., R.J. Fries, and S.H. Carpenter. "Effect of Flat Pavements," Doctoral Thesis, Purdue University, West Lafay- and Elongated Coarse Aggregate on Characteristics of Gyra- ette, IN, 2002. tory Compacted Samples," Transportation Research Record 1681, Transportation Research Board, National Research 24. Roberts, F.L., P.S. Kandhal, D. Lee, and T.W. Kennedy. Hot Council, Washington, DC, 1999; pp. 2836. Mix Asphalt Materials, Mixture Design and Construction. National Asphalt Pavement Association, Lanham, MD, 1991. 37. Buchanan, M.S. Evaluation of the Effect of Flat and Elon- gated Particles on the Performance of Hot Mix Asphalt Mix- 25. Barksdale, R.D., ed. The Aggregate Handbook. National tures. NCAT Report No. 2000-03, National Center for Asphalt Stone Association, Washington, DC, 1991. Technology, Auburn University, 2000. 26. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. "CRD-C119-53: A Method of 38. Oduroh, P.K., K.C. Mahboub, and R.M. Anderson. "Flat and Test for Flat and Elongated Particles in Coarse Aggregates." Elongated Aggregates in Superpave Regime," Journal of In Handbook for Concrete and Cement. Vicksburg, MS, 1953. Materials in Civil Engineering, American Society of Civil Engineers, Vol. 12, No. 2; May 2000. 27. Cominsky, R.J. The Superpave Mix Design Manual for New Construction and Overlays. SHRP-A-407. Strategic Highway 39. Aho, B.D., W.R. Vavrik, and S.H. Carpenter. "Effect of Flat Research Program, National Research Council, Washington, and Elongated Coarse Aggregate on Field Compaction of DC, 1994. Hot-Mix Asphalt," Transportation Research Record 1761, Transportation Research Board, National Research Council, 28. SMA Technical Working Group. Model Material and Con- Washington, DC, 2001; pp. 2631. struction Guidelines. Washington, DC, 1994. 40. Estakhri, C. "Evaluation of the Effects of Flat and Elongated 29. Li, M.C., and I. Kett. "Influence of Coarse Aggregate Shape Aggregate Particles on Mixture Design and Performance of on the Strength of Asphalt Concrete Mixtures," Highway HMA," Symposium of the International Center for Aggre- Research Record 178, Highway Research Board, National gates Research, 2002. Research Council, Washington, DC, 1967. 41. Prowell, B.D., and R. Weingart. "Precisions of Flat and 30. Maupin, G.W. "Effect of Particle Shape and Surface Texture on the Fatigue Behavior of Asphalt Concrete," Highway Elongated Particle Tests ASTM D4791 and VDG-40 Video- Research Record 313, Highway Research Board, National grader," Transportation Research Record 1673, Transporta- Research Council, Washington, DC, 1970. tion Research Board, National Research Council, Washing- ton, DC, 1999; 7380. 31. Livneh, M., and J. Greenstein. "Influence of Aggregate Shape on Engineering Properties of Bituminous Concrete," Highway 42. American Society for Testing and Materials. Annual Book of Research Record 404, Highway Research Board, National Standards, Vol. 04.02, Philadelphia, 1995. Research Council, Washington, DC, 1972. 43. Compilation of Statistics, (n.d.). Retrieved July 18, 2003, from 32. Sharif, R.L. "Fatigue Behavior of Conventional and Rationally amrl.net/Portal/PublicDocs/PspStatistics/sect2b.asp#sect15 Designed Bituminous Mixes on Simulated Subgrade," Trans- portation Research Record 549, Transportation Research 44. Foster, C.R. "Dominant Effect of Fine Aggregate on Strength Board, National Research Council, Washington, DC, 1975; of Dense-Graded Asphalt Mixes," In Highway Research Board pp. 1525. Special Report 109: Effects of Aggregate Size, Shape, and Surface Texture on Properties of Bituminous Mixtures, High- 33. McLeod, N.W., and J.K. Davidson. "Particle Index Evaluation way Research Board, National Research Council, Washing- of Aggregates for Asphalt Paving Mixtures," Journal of the ton, DC, 1970; pp. 13. Association of Asphalt Paving Technologists, Vol. 50.; 1981. 45. Monismith, C.L. "Influence of Shape, Size, and Surface Tex- 34. Huber, G.A., J.C. Jones, P.E. Messersmith, and N.M. Jackson. ture on the Stiffness and Fatigue Response of Asphalt Mix- "Contribution of Fine Aggregate Angularity and Particle Shape tures," In Highway Research Board Special Report 109: Effects to Superpave Mixture Performance," Transportation Research of Aggregate Size, Shape, and Surface Texture on Properties of Record 1609, Transportation Research Board, National Bituminous Mixtures, Highway Research Board, National Research Council, Washington, DC, 1998; pp. 2835. Research Council, Washington, DC, 1970; pp. 411.

OCR for page 77
79 46. Kandhal, P.S., J.B. Motter, and M.A. Khatri. "Evaluation of 58. Kecham, R.A., and N. Shashidhar. "Quantitative Analysis of Particle Shape and Texture: Manufactured Versus Natural 3-D Images of Asphalt Concrete," Preprint: Papers Pre- Sands," Transportation Research Record 1301, Transporta- sented at the 82nd Annual Meeting of the Transportation tion Research Board, National Research Council, Washing- Research Board, Washington, DC, 2003. ton, DC, 1991; pp. 4856. 59. Fernandes, J.L., R. Reynaldo, M. Tia, and L. Casanova. 47. McGennis, R.B., R.M. Anderson, T.W. Kennedy, and M. Solai- "Uncompacted Void Content of Fine Aggregate as Quality manian. Background of Superpave Asphalt Mixture Design and Indicator of Materials Used in Superpave Mixtures." Trans- Analysis. Report SA-95-003. FHWA, U.S. DOT, 1994. portation Research Record 1723, Transportation Research Board, National Research Council, Washington, DC, 2001; 48. American Association of State Highway and Transportation pp. 3744. Officials. Standard Specifications for Transportation Materi- als and Methods of Sampling and Testing, Part 2B: Tests, 60. Chowdhury, A., and J.W. Button. Fine Aggregate Angularity: 22nd Edition. AASHTO, Washington, DC, 2002. Conventional and Unconventional Approach. Aggregate Con- tribution to Hot Mix Asphalt (HMA) Performance, ASTM STP 49. Hossain, M.S., F. Parker, Jr., and P.S. Kandhal. "Tests for 1412, T.D. American Society for Testing Materials, West Evaluating Fine Aggregate Particle Shape, Angularity, and Conshohocken, PA, 2002. Surface Texture," Transportation Research Record 1673, Transportation Research Board, National Research Council, 61. White, T.D, C.J. Lee, and J.E. Haddock. "Fine Aggregate Washington, DC, 1999; pp. 6472. Angularity," Proceedings of the 6th Annual Symposium, Inter- national Center for Aggregates Research, St. Louis, MO, 1998. 50. Hudson, B.P. "Modification to the Fine Aggregate Angularity Test Investigation into the Way We Measure Fine Aggregate 62. Stuart, K.D. and W.S. Mogawer. "Evaluation of Natural Angularity." Proceedings of the 7th Annual Symposium, Inter- Sands Used in Asphalt Mixtures," Transportation Research Record 1436, Transportation Research Board, National national Center for Aggregates Research, Austin, TX, 1999. Research Council, Washington, DC, 1994; pp. 115123. 51. Roque, R., B. Birgisson, M. Tia, L. Casanova, and E. Kestory. 63. Mogawer, W.S., and K.D. Stuart. "Evaluation of Test Methods "Evaluation of Superpave Criteria for VMA and Fine Aggre- Used to Quantify Sand Shape and Texture," Transporta- gate Angularity, Final Report, Volume 2: Fine Aggregate tion Research Record 1362, Transportation Research Board, Angularity," University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, 2002. National Research Council, Washington, DC, 1992; pp. 2837. 52. Marek, C.R. White Paper on Fine Aggregate Angularity. Vul- 64. Lee, C.J., T.D. White, and T.R. West. Effect of Fine Aggre- can Materials Company, 2002. gate Angularity on Asphalt Mixture Performance. Final Report, FHWA/INDOT/JTRP-98/20, Purdue University, West 53. Rismantojo, P., J.E. Haddock, and T D. White. "Comparison Lafayette, IN, 1999. of Fine Aggregate Uncompacted Voids Measured by the ASTM C1252 and VTM-5 Devices," Journal of Testing and 65. Haddock, J., T.D. White, C. Pan, A. Feng, and K. Galal. "Val- Evaluation, American Society for Testing and Materials, idation of SHRP Asphalt Mixture Specifications Using Accel- Philadelphia, PA, 2003. erated Testing," Interim Report, National Pooled Fund Study No. 176, West Lafayette, IN, 1999. 54. Chowdhury, A., J. Button, V. Kohale, and D. Jahn. Evaluation of Superpave Fine Aggregate Angularity Specification. Report 66. Hand, A.J., J.L. Stiady, T.D. White, A.S. Noureldin, and No. 201-1, International Center for Aggregates Research, Col- K. Galal. "Gradation Effects on HMA Performance," Trans- lege Station, TX, 2001. portation Research Record 1767, Transportation Research Board, National Research Council, Washington, DC, 2001; 55. Wilson, J.D., and L.D. Klotz. "Quantitative Analysis of Aggre- pp. 152157. gate Based on Hough Transform," Transportation Research Record 1530, Transportation Research Board, National 67. Stiady, J., K. Galal, S. Noureldin, A. Hand, and T. White. Research Council, Washington, DC, 1996; pp. 111115. Identification of Aggregate Role in Performance of Superpave Mixtures Employing Accelerated Testing Facility. Aggregate 56. Masad E., J.W. Button, and T. Papagiannakis. "Fine-Aggregate Contribution to Hot Mix Asphalt (HMA) Performance, ASTM Angularity: Automated Image Analysis Approach." Trans- STP 1412, American Society for Testing and Materials, West portation Research Record 1721, Transportation Research Conshohocken, PA, 2001. Board, National Research Council, Washington, DC, 2000; pp. 6672. 68. Laboratoire Central des Ponts et Chausses. P18-556: Mea- surement of Particle Size Distribution of Granular Mixtures. 57. Wang, L.B., and L.N. Mohammad. "Quantification of Mor- Laboratoire Central des Ponts et Chausses, Paris. 1994. phology Characteristics of Aggregate Profile Images," Pre- print: Papers Presented at the 82nd Annual Meeting of the 69. Chowdhury, A., J.W. Button, D. Wilson, E. Masad, and B.D. Transportation Research Board, Washington, DC, 2003. Prowell. Image Analysis Techniques to Determine Fine Aggre-

OCR for page 77
80 gate Angularity, Aggregate Contribution to Hot Mix Asphalt Annual Symposium, International Center for Aggregates (HMA) Performance, ASTM STP 1412, American Society for Research, St. Louis, MO, 1998. Testing and Materials, West Conshohocken, PA, 2001. 81. Rao, C., and E. Tutumluer. "Determination of Volume of 70. Stakston, A.D., J.J. Bushek, and H.U. Bahia. "Effect of Fine Aggregates: New Image Analysis Approach," Transporta- Aggregate Angularity on Compaction and Shearing Resis- tion Research Record 1721, Transportation Research Board, tance of Asphalt Mixtures," Transportation Research Record National Research Council, Washington, DC, 2000; pp. 7380. 1789, Transportation Research Board of the National Acade- mies, Washington, DC, 2002; pp. 1424. 82. Rao, C., E. Tutumluer, and I.T. Kim. "Quantification of Coarse Aggregate Angularity Based on Image Analysis," Transporta- 71. AASHTO Materials Reference Library. PSP--Fine Aggre- tion Research Record 1787, Transportation Research Board of gate Proficiency Sample, (n.d.). Retrieved July 17, 2003, from the National Academies, Washington, DC, 2002; pp. 117124. Patapsco.nist.gov/amrl/psp/Sect2a.asp#31 83. Masad, E. "The Development of a Computer Controlled 72. Watson, D., and M. Issa. Southeastern Asphalt User/Producer Image Analysis System for Measuring Aggregate Shape Group Fine Aggregate Angularity Round Robin. Georgia Properties." NCHRP-IDEA Program Project Final Report, DOT, Forest Park, GA, 1999. NCHRP-IDEA Project 77, National Research Council, Wash- ington, DC, 2003. 73. Maerz, N.H. "Technical and Computational Aspects of the Measurement of Aggregate Shape by Digital Image Analy- 84. Masad, E., and J. Button. "Unified Imaging Approach for sis." Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering, Vol. 18, No. Measuring Aggregate Angularity and Texture," Journal of 1, American Society for Civil Engineers; January 2004. Computer-Aided Civil and Infrastructure Engineering, Vol. 15, No. 4; 2000; pp. 273280. 74. National Cooperative Highway Research Council. NCHRP Project 4-30A, "Test Methods for Characterizing Aggregate 85. Kim, H., C.T. Haas, A.F. Rauch, and C. Browne. "A Proto- Shape, Texture and Angularity," (n.d.). Retrieved December type Laser Scanner for Characterizing Size and Shape Para- 9, 2003, from www4.nationalacademies.org/trb/crp.nsf/ meters in Aggregates." Proceedings of the 9th Annual Sym- e7bcd526f5af4a2c8525672f006245fa/951ef5e1eb36f4fc852 posium, International Center for Aggregates Research, Austin, 56cdf005715e1?OpenDocument TX, 2001. 75. Barksdale, R.D., M.A. Kemp, W.J. Sheffield, and J.L. Hub- 86. Kim, H., C.T. Haas, A.F. Rauch, and C. Browne. "Wavelet- bard. "Measurement of Aggregate Shape, Surface Area, and based Three-Dimensional Descriptors of Aggregate Parti- Roughness," Transportation Research Record 1301, Trans- cles," Transportation Research Record 1787, Transportation portation Research Board, National Research Council, Wash- Research Board of the National Academies, Washington, DC, ington, DC, 1991; pp. 107116. 2002; pp. 109116. 76. Frost, J.D., and J.S. Lai. "Digital Analysis of Aggregate Parti- 87. Rauch, A.F., C.T. Hass, K. Hyoungkwan, and C. Browne. cle Shape." Proceeding of the International Center for Aggre- Rapid Test to Establish Grading of Unbound Aggregate Prod- gate Research, Fourth Annual Symposium, Atlanta, GA, 1995. ucts, Report No. ICAR 503-1, International Center for Aggre- gate Research, Austin, TX, 2000. 77. Kuo, C.-Y., and R.B. Freeman. "Image Analysis Evaluation of Aggregates for Asphalt Concrete Mixtures." Transporta- 88. Rauch, A.F., C.T. Haas, C. Browne, and H. Kim. Rapid Test tion Research Record 1615, Transportation Research Board, to Establish Grading of Unbound Aggregate Products: An National Research Council, Washington, DC, 1998; pp. 6571. Evaluation of Automated Devices to Replace and Augment Manual Sieve Analyses in Determining Aggregate Gradation, 78. Broyles, D.A., G.T. Adel, and H.W. Rimmer. "Rapid Shape Report No. ICAR 503-2, International Center for Aggregate Analysis of Crushed Stone by Computerized Image Process- Research, Austin, TX, 2002. ing," Automation in the Aggregate Industry: The Key to Future Profitability, National Stone Association Automation 89. Masad, E., D. Olcott, T. White, and L. Tashman. "Correlation Conference, Columbus, OH, 1994. of Imaging Shape Indices of Fine Aggregate with Asphalt Mixture Performance." Transportation Research Record 79. Weingart, R., and B.D. Prowell. "Specification Development 1757, Transportation Research Board, National Research Using the VDG-40 Videograder for Shape Classification of Council, Washington, DC, 2001; pp. 148156. Aggregates." Proceedings of the Seventh Annual Symposium, International Center for Aggregate Research. College Sta- 90. Carr, J.R., G.M. Norris, and D.E. Newcomb. "Characteriza- tion, TX, 1999. tion of Aggregate Shape Using Fractal Dimension," Trans- portation Research Record 1278, Transportation Research 80. Maerz, N.H. "Aggregate Sizing and Shape Determination Board, National Research Council, Washington, DC, 1990; Using Digital Imaging Processing." Proceedings of the Sixth pp. 4350.

OCR for page 77
81 91. Li, L., P. Chan, D.G. Zollinger, and R.L. Lytton. "Quantita- 104. Cheng, D.-X., D.N. Little, R.L. Lytton, and J.C. Holste. "Sur- tive Analysis of Aggregate Based on Fractals," ACI Materials face Energy Measurement of Asphalt and Its Application to Journal, Vol. 90, No. 4; 1993; pp. 357365. Adhesion and Moisture Damage of Asphalt-Aggregate Sys- tem," Proceedings of the 9th Annual Symposium of the Inter- 92. O'Hara, W.G. "Evaluation of the California Sand-Equivalent national Center for Aggregate Research, College Station, Test," Proceedings of the Highway Research Board, TX, 2001. Vol. 34, 1955. 105. Cheng, D.-X., D.N. Little, R.L. Lytton, and J.C. Holste. 93. Stroup-Gardiner, M., D. Newcomb, W. Kussman, and R. Olson. "Surface Energy Measurement of Asphalt and Its Applica- "Characteristics of Typical Minnesota Aggregates," Trans- tion to Predicating Fatigue and Healing in Asphalt Mix- portation Research Record 1583, Transportation Research tures," Transportation Research Record, 1810, Transporta- Board, National Research Council, Washington, DC, 1997; tion Research Board of the National Academies, Washington, pp. 110. DC, 2002; pp. 4453. 94. Alhozaimy, A.M. "Correlation between Materials Finer than 106. Curtis, C.W., K. Ensley, and J. Epps. Fundamental Properties No.200 Sieve and Sand Equivalent Tests for Natural and of Asphalt-Aggregate Interactions Including Adhesion and Crushed Stone Sands," Journal of the American Society for Absorption, SHRP-A-341, Strategic Highway Research Pro- Testing and Materials, Vol. 20, Issue 2; 1998. gram, National Research Council, Washington, DC, 1993. 95. Kandhal, P.S., C. Lynn, and F. Parker. Test for Plastic Fines 107. Hicks, R.G., F.N. Finn, C.L. Monismith, and R.B. Leahy. in Aggregates Related to Stripping in Asphalt Paving Mix- "Validation of SHRP Binder Specification Through Mix Test- tures, National Center for Asphalt Technology, Report No. ing," Journal of the Association of Asphalt Paving Technolo- 98-3, 1998. gists, Vol. 62; 1993. 96. International Slurry Seal Association. "Test Method for Deter- 108. Terrel, R.L., T. V. Scolz, A. Al-Jacob, and S. Al-Swailmi. mination of Methylene Blue Absorption Value (MVB) of Min- "Validation of Binder Properties Used to Predict Sensitivity eral Aggregate Filler and Fines," ISSA Bulletin No. 145; 1989. of Asphalt Mixtures," Journal of the Association of Asphalt Paving Technologists, Vol. 62; 1993. 97. Hosking, R. "Road Aggregates and Skidding," Transporta- tion Research Laboratory, State-of-the-Art Review 4, HMSO, 109. Woodward, W.D.H. "Laboratory Predication of Surfacing London, 1992. Aggregate Performance," Ph.D. Thesis, University of Ulster at Jordanstown, Newtownabbey, County Antrim, Northern 98. Cross, S.A., and M.D. Voth. "Evaluation of Anti-Stripping Ireland, 1995. Agents Using the Asphalt Pavement Analyzer," University of Kansas Report KU-99-3, 2001. 110. Woolf, D. O. "The Relation Between Los Angeles Abrasion 99. Aschenbrener, T., and R. Zamora. "Evaluation of Specialized Test Results and the Service Records of Coarse Aggregates," Tests for Aggregates Used in Hot Mix Asphalt Pavements in Proceedings of the Highway Research Board, Vol. 17; 1937; Colorado," Transportation Research Record 1486, Trans- pp. 350359. portation Research Board, National Research Council, Wash- ington, DC, 1995; 130136. 111. Melville, P.L. "Weathering Study of Some Aggregates," Pro- ceedings of the Highway Research Board, Vol. 28; 1948. 100. Harders, O., and I. Noesler. "Influence of the Surface Energy Status of Aggregates on the Performance of Asphalt Hot 112. Wu, Y., F. Parker, and P.S. Kandhal. "Aggregate Toughness/ Mix," 9th International Conference on Asphalt Pavements, Abrasion Resistance and Durability/Soundness Tests Related International Society for Asphalt Pavements, Copenhagen, to Asphalt Concrete Performance in Pavements," Transporta- Denmark, 2002. tion Research Record 1638, Transportation Research Board, National Research Council, Washington, DC, 1998; pp. 8593. 101. Cheng, D.-X., D.N. Little, R.L. Lytton, and J.C. Holste. "Use of Surface Free Energy Properties of the Asphalt-Aggregate 113. Amirkhanian, S.N., D. Kaczmarek, and J.L. Burati, Jr. System to Predict Damage Potential," Journal of the Associ- "Effects of Los Angeles Abrasion Test Values on the ation of Asphalt Paving Technologists, Vol. 71; 2002. Strengths of Laboratory Prepared Marshall Specimens," Transportation Research Record 1301, Transportation 102. Elphingstone, G.M. "Adhesion and Cohesion in Asphalt- Research Board, National Research Council, Washington, Aggregate Systems," Ph.D. Dissertation, Texas A&M Uni- DC, 1991; pp. 7786. versity, 1997. 114. Xie, H., and D.E. Watson. "Lab Study on Degradation of 103. Li, W. "The Measurement of Surface Free Energy for Aggre- Stone Matrix Asphalt Mixtures." Paper presented at 83rd gates SHAP RB," Final report of Cahn Balance Thermo- Annual Meeting of the Transportation Research Board, Wash- gravimetry Gas Adsorption Experiments, 1997. ington, DC, 2004.

OCR for page 77
82 115. Senior, S.A., and C.A. Rogers. "Laboratory Tests for Pre- on Voids in the Mineral Aggregate," Journal of the Associa- dicting Coarse Aggregate Performance in Ontario," Trans- tion of Asphalt Paving Technologists, Vol. 70; 2001. portation Research Record 1301, Transportation Research Board, National Research Council, Washington, DC, 1991; 127. Anderson, M.R., and H.U. Bahia. "Evaluation and Selection pp. 97106. of Aggregate Gradations for Asphalt Mixtures Using Super- pave," Transportation Research Record 1583,Transportation 116. Ruth, B.E., and M. Tia. "Aggregate Degradation Testing by Research Board, National Research Council, Washington, Gyratory Testing Machine," Transportation Research Record DC, 1997; pp. 9197. 1619, Transportation Research Board, National Research Council, Washington, DC, 1998; pp. 310. 128. Hveem, F.N. "Gradation of Mineral Aggregates for Dense Graded Bituminous Mixtures," Proceedings of the Associa- 117. Rogers, C.A., M.L. Bailey, and B. Price. "Micro-Deval Test tion of Asphalt Paving Technologists, Vol. 11; 1940. for Evaluating the Quality of Fine Aggregate for Concrete and Asphalt" Transportation Research Record 1301, Transporta- 129. Nijboer, L.W. Plasticity as a Factor in the Design of Dense tion Research Board, National Research Council, Washing- Bituminous Road Carpets. Elsevier Publishing Company, ton, DC, 1991; pp. 6876. Inc., 1948. 118. Cooley, L.A., Jr., M.H. Huner, and R.S. James. Micro-Deval 130. Cooley, L.A., J. Zhang, P.S. Kandhal, A.J. Hand, and A.M. Testing of Aggregates in the Southeast" NCAT Report 2002-09, Epps. Transportation Research Circular E-C043: Signifi- National Center for Asphalt Technology, Auburn, AL, 2002. cance of Restricted Zone in Superpave Aggregate Gradation Specification, Transportation Research Board of the National 119. Rogers, C., B. Gorman, and B. Lane. "Skid-Resistant Aggre- Academies, Washington, DC, September 2002. gates in Ontario." Proceedings of the 10th Annual Sympo- sium, International Center for Aggregates Research, College 131. Watson, D.E., A. Johnson, and D. Jared. "The Superpave Gra- Station, TX, 2002. dation Restricted Zone and Performance Testing with the Geor- gia Loaded Wheel Tester," Transportation Research Record 120. Tarefder, R.A., M. Zaman, and K. Hobson. "Micro-Deval 1583, Transportation Research Board, National Research Test for Evaluating Properties of Roadway Aggregate" Inter- Council, Washington, DC, 1997; 106111. national Journal of Pavements, Vol. 2, Nos. 1 and 2, 2003; pp. 819. 132. Van de Ven, M., A.F. Smit, R. Loris, and R.B. McGennis. "Validation of Some Superpave Design Parameters by Wheel 121. Huber, G.A., and T.S. Shuler. Providing Sufficient Void Space Testing with the Scale Model Mobile Load Simulator," Pro- for Asphalt Cement: Relationship of Mineral Aggregate Voids ceedings of the 8th International Conference on Asphalt and Aggregate Gradation, ASTM SPT 1147, Philadelphia, Pavements, Vol. II, University of Washington, Seattle, WA; PA, 1992. August 1997. 122. Hubbard, P., and F.C. Field. "Adaptation of the Stability Test 133. Roque, R., S.C. Huang, and B. Ruth. "Maximizing Shear to Include Coarse Aggregate Asphalt Paving Mixtures," Pro- Resistance of Asphalt Mixtures by Proper Selection of Aggre- ceedings of the Technical Sessions of the Association of gate Gradation," Proceedings of the 8th International Con- Asphalt Paving Technologist, 1932. ference on Asphalt Pavements, Vol. I, University of Wash- ington, Seattle, WA; August 1997. 123. Goode, J.F., and L.A. Lufsey. "A New Graphical Chart for Evaluating Aggregate Gradations," Proceedings of the Asso- 134. McGennis, R.B. "Evaluation of Materials from Northeast ciation of Asphalt Paving Technologists, Vol. 31; 1962. Texas Using Superpave Mix Design Technology," Trans- portation Research Record 1583, Transportation Research 124. Transportation Research Circular E-C044: Bailey Method Board, National Research Council, Washington, DC, 1997; for Gradation Selection in Hot-Mix Asphalt Design, Trans- 98105. portation Research Board of the National Academies, Wash- ington, DC, October 2002. 135. Sebaaly, P.E., D. Ridolfi, R. Gangavaram, and J. Epps. "Selection of the Most Desirable HMA Mixtures," Trans- 125. Vavrik, W.R., W.J. Pine, and S.H. Carpenter. "Aggregate portation Research Record 1590, Transportation Research Blending for Asphalt Mix Design: Bailey Method," Trans- Board, National Research Council, Washington, DC, 1997; portation Research Record 1789, Transportation Research pp. 99107. Board of the National Academies, Washington, DC, 2002; pp. 146153. 136. Sousa, J.B., J.C. Pais, M. Prates, R. Barros, P. Langlois, and A.-M. Leclerc. "Effect of Aggregate Gradation on Fatigue 126. Vavrik, W.R., W.J. Pine, G. Huber, S.H. Carpenter, and R. Life of Asphalt Concrete Mixes," Paper presented at the 76th Bailey. "The Bailey Method of Gradation Evaluation: The Annual Meeting of the Transportation Research Board, Wash- Influence of Aggregate Gradation and Packing Characteristics ington, DC, 1997.

OCR for page 77
83 137. Haddock, J., C. Pan, A. Feng, and White, T.D. "Effect of Board, National Research Council, Washington, DC, 1996; Gradation on Asphalt Mixture Performance," Transporta- pp. 8694. tion Research Record 1681,Transportation Research Board, National Research Council, Washington, DC, 1999; pp. 5968. 149. Cooley, L.A., M. Stroup-Gardiner, E.R. Brown, and D.I. Hanson. "Characterization of Asphalt Filler Mortars with 138. El-Basyouny, M., and M.S. Mamlouk. "Effect of Aggregate Superpave Binder Tests," Journal of the Asphalt Paving Tech- Gradation on the Rutting Potential of Superpave Mixes," nologists, Vol. 67; 1998. Paper presented at the 78th Annual Meeting of the Trans- portation Research Board, Washington, DC, 1999. 150. Buttlar, W.G., D. Bozkurt, G.G. Al-Khateeb, and A.S. Waldhoff. "Understanding Asphalt Mastic Behavior through 139. Kandhal, P.S., and R.B. Mallick. "Effect of Mix Gradation on Micromechanics," Transportation Research Record 1681, Rutting Potential of Dense Graded Asphalt Mixtures," Trans- Transportation Research Board, National Research Council, portation Research Record 1767, Transportation Research Washington, DC, 1999; pp. 157169. Board, National Research Council, Washington, DC, 2001; pp. 146151. 151. Ishai, I., and J. Craus. "Effects of Some Aggregate and Filler Characteristics on Behavior and Durability of Asphalt Paving 140. Kandhal, P.S., K.Y. Foo, and R.B. Mallick. "Critical Review of Mixtures," Transportation Research Record 1530, Trans- Voids in Mineral Aggregate Requirements in Superpave." portation Research Board, National Research Council, Wash- Transportation Research Record 1609, Transportation Research ington, DC, 1996; pp. 7585. Board, National Research Council, Washington, DC, 1998; pp. 2127. 152. Shashidhar, N., and P. Romero. "Factors Affecting the Stiff- ening Potential of Mineral Fillers," Transportation Research 141. Kandhal, P.S. "Evaluation of Baghouse Fine for Hot Mix Record 1638, Transportation Research Board, National Research Council, Washington, DC, 1998; pp. 94100. Asphalt," National Asphalt Pavement Association Informa- tion Series, No. 127; 1999. 153. Shashidhar, N., S.P. Needham, B.H. Chollar, and P. Romero. "Prediction of the Performance of Mineral Fillers in Stone 142. Anderson, D.A., and W.H. Goetz. "Mechanical Behavior and Matrix Asphalt." Journal of the Asphalt Paving Technolo- Reinforcement of Mineral Filler-Asphalt Mixtures," Pro- gists, Vol. 68; 1999; pp. 222251. ceedings of the Association of Asphalt Paving Technologists, Vol. 42; 1973. 154. Harms, T. "Crushers Teamed to Make Better Manufactured Sand." 2000. Retrieved August 12, 2003, from www. 143. Rigden, P.J. "The Use of Filler in Bituminous Road Surfacing," rockproducts.com/mag/rock_crushers_teamed_better_2/ Journal of the Society of Chemical Industry, Vol. 66; 1947. 155. Kelley, E.G., and D.J. Spotiswood. Introduction to Mineral 144. Anderson, D.A., R. Dongre, and D.W. Christensen III. "Effect Processing. John Wiley and Sons, New York, NY, 1982. of Minus No.200-Sized Aggregate on Fracture Behavior of Dense-Graded Hot-Mix Asphalt," Effects of Aggregates and 156. Personal communication with David Jahn, 2003. Mineral Fillers on Asphalt Mixture Performance: ASTM STP 1147, Philadelphia, 1992. 157. Personal communication with Randy Weingart, Luck Stone Corporation, 2003. 145. Anderson, D.A., H.U. Bahia, and R. Dongre. "Rheological Properties of Mineral Filler-Asphalt Mastics and Its Impor- 158. Plummer, C.C., and D. McGeary. Physical Geology, 4th Edi- tance to Pavement Performance," Effects of Aggregates and tion. WM. C. Brown Publishers, Dubuque, IA, 1988. Mineral Fillers on Asphalt Mixture Performance: ASTM STP 1147, Philadelphia, 1992. 159. Personal communication with NCHRP Project 9-35 Aggre- gate Industry Advisory Panel: David Jahn, Don Powell, and 146. Gubler, R., Y. Liu, D.A. Anderson, and M.N. Partl. "Investi- Randy Weingart, June 2003. gation of the System Filler and Asphalt Binders by Rheolog- ical Means," Journal of the Asphalt Paving Technologists, 160. Kojovic, T. "Crushing Aggregate: Shape and Control." Quarry Vol. 68, 1999; pp. 284304. Australia Magazine, Vol. 3, No. 6; June 1995. 147. Brown, E.R, J.E. Haddock, and C. Crawford. "Investigation 161. Magerowski, T. "Superpave--The Shape of Stone to Come." of Stone Matrix Asphalt Mortars," Transportation Research Aggregates and Roadbuilding Contractor, 1999. Retrieved Record 1530, Transportation Research Board, National August 12, 2003, from www.rocktoroad.com/superpave3.html Research Council, Washington, DC, 1996; pp. 95102. 162. Personal communication with Jurg Schwinger, 2003. 148. Mogawer, W.S., and K.D. Stuart. "Effects of Mineral Fillers on Properties of Stone Matrix Asphalt Mixtures," Trans- 163. Jahn, D.W. "Evaluation of Aggregate Particle Shapes Through portation Research Record 1530, Transportation Research Multiple Ratio Analysis," Presentation made to Transporta-

OCR for page 77
84 tion Research Board Superpave Mixture and Aggregate Expert Journal of the Association of Asphalt Paving Technologists, Task Group, 2000. Vol. 68; 1999; pp. 613660. 164. Shergold, F.A. "A Study of the Granulations Used in the Pro- 173. U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Admin- duction of Road-Making Aggregate," Road Research Paper istration. DataPave 3.0, FHWA-RD-01-148, 2001. No. 44, Department of Scientific and Industrial Research, Her Majesty's Stationary Office, London, England, 1959. 174. Stroup-Gardiner, M., and D.E. Newcomb. Investigation of Hot Mix Asphalt Mixtures at Mn/Road. MN/RC-97/06, Min- 165. Personal communication with John Hinrichson, 2003. nesota DOT, St. Paul, MN, 1997. 166. Jahn, D.W. "Evolving Influence of Superpave on Coarse 175. U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Admin- Aggregate Particle Shape: Changing Flat and Elongated istration. Performance of Coarse-Graded Mixes at Wes- Requirements." Proceedings of the 6th Annual Symposium, Track--Premature Rutting, Final Report. FHWA, Washing- International Center for Aggregates Research, College Sta- ton, DC, 1998. tion, TX, 1998. 176. Hand, A.J., A.E. Epps, and J.A. Epps. "Effects of Aggregate 167. Jahn, D.W. "A Closer Look at Superpave Aggregate Speci- Variability on WesTrack HMA Performance." Paper pre- fications." Proceedings of the 4th Annual Symposium, Inter- sented at 8th Annual Symposium of the International Center national Center for Aggregates Research, College Station, for Aggregate Research, 2000. TX, 1996. 177. Brown, E.R., L.A. Cooley, Jr., D. Hanson, C. Lynn, R.B. 168. Manning, A. "Particle Shape--Manufactured Sand Use of Powell, B.D. Prowell, and D. Watson. NCAT Test Track: Varied Crushers." Proceedings of the 3rd Annual Symposium, Design, Construction and Performance, NCAT 02-12. National International Center for Aggregates Research, College Sta- Center for Asphalt Technology, Auburn, AL, 2002. tion, TX, 1995. 178. Powell, R.B. As-Built Properties of Experimental Test Sec- 169. Ahn, N.-S., and D.W. Fowler. An Experimental Study on the Guidelines for Using Higher Contents of Aggregate Microfines tions on 2000 NCAT Pavement Test Track. Report No. 01-02, in Portland Cement Concrete, Report ICAR 102-1F, Inter- National Center for Asphalt Technology, Auburn, AL, 2001. national Center for Aggregates Research, College Station, Texas, 2001. 179. Brown, E.R., B.D. Prowell, L.A. Cooley, Jr., J. Zhang, and R.B. Powell. "Evaluation of Rutting Performance on the 2000 170. Kandhal, P.S., F. Parker, Jr., and R.B. Mallick. Transporta- NCAT Test Track," Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of tion Research Circular 479: Aggregate Tests for Hot-Mix the Association of Asphalt Paving Technologists, 2004. Asphalt: State of the Practice. Transportation Research Board, National Research Council, Washington, DC, 1997. 180. Saeed, A.R., and J.W. Hall, Jr. NCHRP Report 512: Pavement Testing: Data Guidelines. Transportation Research Board of 171. Anderson, R.M., G.A. Huber, D.E. Walker, and X. Zhang. the National Academies, Washington, DC, 2003. "Mixture Testing, Analysis, and Field Performance of the Pilot Superpave Projects: The 1992 SPS-9 Mixtures." Journal 181. Gudimettla, J.M., L.A. Cooley, Jr., and E.R. Brown. Work- of the Association of Asphalt Paving Technologists, Vol. 69; ability of Hot Mix Asphalt, NCAT Report 03-03. National 2000; pp. 177211. Center for Asphalt Technology, Auburn, AL, 2003. 172. Brown, E.R., D. Decker, R. Mallick, and J. Bukowski. "Super- 182. Collins, R., and K. Vaughan. "Warm Asphalt Study," Progress pave Construction Issues and Early Performance Evaluation," Report, Pavement Technology, Inc. 2003.