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16 the booklets on Boston's "Big Dig" (19) and an introduction the Missouri DOT invited local citizens to participate in to Vermont archaeology based on archaeological work along parts of the site's data recovery. More than 400 people, the Chittenden County Circumferential Highway (20). The including students, participated in the excavation. As a creation of publications and other public outreach efforts are result, the local community learned about the history of the often included in the Section 106 agreement documents and site and why the DOT was involved in such historic preser- budgets associated with data recovery projects. These types vation efforts (4). of publications share the results of publicly funded archaeol- ogy with the public, demonstrating to the public the value of this work. SUMMARY TxDOT's public outreach efforts have been very suc- Good, consistent communication among parties is clearly the cessful; so successful that the SHPO strongly endorses the key to productive archaeological investigations. Effective inclusion of public outreach as an integral part of all data communication practices include recovery projects in the state. One of the DOT's key public outreach efforts was the development of two history mod- Having regular meetings that review ongoing and future ules for use in schools, based on transportation-related data projects; recovery projects. Each of the agencies' data recovery proj- Participating in collaborative, proactive efforts; ects includes contract deliverables that feed information into Establishing joint objectives, goals, and processes; and the modules. The DOT has also funded the authoring of Having upper management support and directives to manuscripts for professional and avocational publications improve and maintain good relations. (these publications are included as one of the deliverables for data recovery projects). Discussions and consultations held outside of the require- ments of individual projects are an effective means of build- The Georgia DOT has created "educational trunks" on ing trust and communication. This is certainly the case with archaeology for high school and 8th grade students, and the tribal consultation, where general discussions on protocols agency is in the process of developing one for 4th graders. and important issues are best held without the constraints and The DOT is also in the process of developing an African potential conflicts inherent in specific transportation projects. American archaeology educational trunk for high school As discussed, several FHWA offices, state DOTs, and tribes students. Funding for these trunks comes from data recovery have codified these protocols in MOUs and PAs. projects, and they are given to county school systems where the projects take place. These trunks are also available on loan Poor communication among agencies and between agen- from the DOT to other county school districts throughout cies and tribes results in conflict, mistrust, project delays, and the state and the Southeast region. Consultants performing the increased project costs. Practices that improve and maintain data recovery projects developed the trunks. good communication, however, take time and a commitment from all parties involved. They also require activities that are Another example of outreach to school children is the not linked to specific projects. It is often difficult for DOT West Virginia DOT's "Kids Dig Reed," an educational web- staff to participate in nonproject-specific activities given site on the Reed Farmstead property. This interactive website scheduling constraints and agency priorities. DOT, SHPO, includes a history of the property, information on the prop- FHWA, and tribal representative responses to the NCHRP erty's archaeology and artifacts, games, and a place for chil- synthesis survey demonstrate, however, the long-term bene- dren to submit questions about archaeology (21). The North fits of these nonproject-specific efforts. Dakota DOT is using Transportation Enhancement funds to produce an educational video and curriculum based on a data Few states have strategically placed public outreach as an recovery project at an earthlodge village near Bismarck. This important component of their archaeological investigations. public outreach effort also includes interpretive displays at Rather, the majority of public outreach efforts are project- the Mandan Public Library. specific and often ad hoc. The survey responses did not pro- vide specific information on why this was the case. It can be A few DOTs also seek the active involvement of the inferred from the responses, however, that the need to keep public during archaeological investigations. On a bridge project costs low is most likely the primary reason (see replacement project that affected a circa 3000750 B.C. site, chapter six).