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7 Following the References, Bibliography, and Glossary are Post-workshop stage--follow-on activities after the value these three appendices: workshop, including implementation review and deci- sions, presentations, report preparation, and monitoring. Value analysis, value engineering, value management, Relevant Federal Value Engineering Requirements and value planning--all refer to value methodology. (Appendix A), Value community--practitioners and academics in agen- Survey Questionnaire (Appendix B), and Summary Responses to Questionnaire (Appendix C). cies, educational institutions, not-for-profit societies that promote VM [such as SAVE, Canadian Society of Value Analysis (CSVA), and Miles Value Foundation (MVF)], and the consulting industry specializing in value work. TERMINOLOGY USED IN THIS REPORT Value methodology--systematic (and structural) ap- plication of recognized techniques by a multidisci- VM has been used for almost 60 years. During this time, the plined team to identify the functions of a (project), terminology used to describe aspects and process steps of the product, or (process), establish a worth for that func- methodology has varied to the point that clear and consistent tion, generate alternatives through the use of creative definitions do not exist between agencies and others in the thinking, and provide the needed functions to accom- value community. The terms value analysis, value engi- plish the original purpose of the project, reliably and at neering, value planning, value management, and other value the lowest life-cycle cost without sacrificing safety, variants refer to the same methodology, and are often used necessary quality, and environmental attributes of the interchangeably (2). The debate on the "proper" methodology project (also referred to as value analysis, value engi- name has raged for decades. Resolving the terminology issue neering, value planning, and value management). is well beyond the scope of this synthesis. However, for the Workshop stage--activities undertaken during a value purposes of this report, the following definitions will apply: workshop following the six-phase Job Plan, including the Information Phase, Function Analysis Phase, Cre- Job Plan--structured agenda or plan describing the ativity Phase, Evaluation Phase, Development Phase, sequence of value study activities. and Presentation Phase (3). Pre-workshop stage--preparatory activities that precede a value workshop, including scope refinement, data col- The Glossary includes a broad range of VE-specific terms lection, VE team member selection, and resolving venue that have been taken from SAVE's Value Methodology logistics. Standard (3).