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OCR for page 39
Luncheon Speakers Lewis Dale, General Motors Emil Frankel, U.S. Department of Transportation L ewis Dale offered luncheon remarks to partici- The report outlines seven goals to reverse the indica- pants on the first day of the conference, and Emil tors that are looking worse: Frankel offered remarks on the second day. A summary of each speaker's remarks follows. Reduce transport-related emissions to levels where Lewis Dale discussed the final report of the World they cannot be considered a serious public health con- Business Council for Sustainable Development's Sus- cern anywhere in the world. tainable Mobility Project. Mobility 2030: Meeting the Limit transport-related greenhouse gas emissions Challenges to Sustainability reflects the collective efforts to sustainable levels. of more than 200 experts from a broad set of 12 indus- Significantly reduce the worldwide number of trial companies. The project was initiated because of the deaths and serious injuries from road crashes. growth in population and in motorization, especially in Reduce transport-related noise. developing countries. Mitigate transport-related congestion. Mr. Dale identified several achievements of the report Narrow the mobility "divides" that exist today but noted that consensus was not achieved on every between the average citizen of the world's poorest coun- point. The members did agree that action is required on tries and the average citizen of the wealthier countries sustainable mobility challenges. The report presents a and between disadvantaged groups and the average cit- definition of sustainability agreed on by the participants izen within most countries. and an assessment that concludes that current trends are Preserve and enhance mobility opportunities avail- not sustainable. The report also serves as a wake-up call able to the general population. for industry and identifies focus points for government and industry in moving toward sustainability. Actions that companies can take are still under dis- The report, which focuses on roads and motorized cussion, but to start they should continue with the vehicle transport, adopted 12 indicators: access to extensive activities that are planned or under way, serve mobility, user costs, travel time, reliability and comfort, as catalysts to advance the understanding of sustainable safety, security, greenhouse gas emissions, impacts on transportation within companies, continue the debate the environment and public well-being, resource use, internally, and encourage other industries to undertake impacts on public revenues and expenditures, equity similar studies. implications, and rate of return to private businesses. If Emil Frankel began with a brief update on the status present trends continue, some indicators, such as con- of the federal transportation funding reauthorization. ventional emissions, safety, and affordability of goods He noted that the issue of sustainability is not new to mobility, look better. However, others, such as green- the Transportation Research Board and cited precursors house gas emissions, congestion, and equity, look worse. to this conference. Continued efforts with regard to sus- 29

OCR for page 39
30 I N T E G R AT I N G S U S TA I N A B I L I T Y I N T O T H E T R A N S P O RTAT I O N P L A N N I N G P R O C E S S tainability are necessary because it is difficult to get a reduce their impacts on communities. The need to reduce democratic society to act unless there is an impending these impacts places a burden on the transportation plan- crisis, and in the case of sustainability, once there is a ning process. Metropolitan planning organizations are key crisis it will be too late. players in the planning process: they balance trade-offs, The U.S. Department of Transportation struggles to make decisions, and prioritize investments. However, they provide safe, efficient, and effective mobility while deal- lack geographic reach and resources. Significant achieve- ing with the intertwined issues of sprawl and urban ments have been made in transportation planning with growth patterns. The current pattern of development regard to integrating the National Environmental Policy was enabled by the automobile, technology, and per- Act and air quality conformity, but more improvements are sonal choice. While the sustainability of this develop- needed. Environmental stewardship must be incorporated ment pattern is often questioned, it is difficult to alter. In into all aspects of transportation planning. Planning must a democratic society it is nearly impossible to tell people focus more on systems operations management, strive for that low-density suburban development and depen- intermodality, and link to land use decisions. dence on the automobile must change. Mr. Frankel emphasized the importance of technol- As policies are made, trade-offs and the impacts on ogy to sustainable mobility. More efficient automobiles, all aspects of sustainability must be measured. The role new propulsion systems, greater use of hybrids, and of the U.S. Department of Transportation is to establish other technological advances are moving toward sus- a framework for decision making including financing, tainability objectives. The U.S. Department of Trans- planning requirements and processes, and market and portation, the Department of Energy, and the regulatory processes to achieve public policy goals. Mr. Environmental Protection Agency all have roles to play Frankel emphasized the importance of discussions and in driving technological change. broader debate and dialogue on how to invest in trans- The U.S. Department of Transportation is committed portation infrastructure. Capacity expansion is needed to and recognizes the significance of sustainable mobil- in all modes to handle goods coming into ports as well ity and sees transportation planning as an important as for mobility of people and freight. tool in addressing it. Transportation planning in combi- Automobiles and trucks are the predominant modes of nation with the use of priorities and indicators can assist transportation and are here to stay. It is important to in moving toward sustainability.