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Transportation Research Board Conference Proceedings 37 ISSN 1073-1652 ISBN 0-309-09418-6 Subscriber Category IA planning and administration IB energy and environment Transportation Research Board publications are available by ordering individual publications directly from the TRB Business Office, through the Internet at national-academies.org/trb, or by annual subscription through organizational or individual affiliation with TRB. Affiliates and library subscribers are eligible for substantial discounts. For further information, contact the Transportation Research Board Business Office, 500 Fifth Street, NW, Washington, DC 20001 (telephone 202-334-3213; fax 202-334-2519; or email TRBsales@nas.edu). Printed in the United States of America. NOTICE: The conference that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the com- mittee responsible for the report were chosen for their special competencies and with regard for appropri- ate balance. This report has been reviewed by a group other than the authors according to the procedures approved by a Report Review Committee consisting of members of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The views expressed in the presentations and papers contained in this report are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the committee, the Transportation Research Board, the National Research Council, or the sponsors of the conference. The conference was sponsored by the Transportation Research Board, the Federal Highway Administration of the U.S. Department of Transportation, and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Committee for the Conference on Introducing Sustainability into Surface Transportation Planning David L. Greene, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Chair William R. Black, Indiana University David G. Burwell, Prague Institute for Global Urban Development Thomas M. Downs, Eno Transportation Foundation Richard Gilbert, Centre for Sustainable Transportation Kevin E. Heanue, Consultant Ysela Llort, Florida Department of Transportation Marianne Millar Mintz, Argonne National Laboratory Arthur (Chris) Nelson, Virginia Polytechnic Institute at Alexandria John P. Poorman, Capital District Transportation Committee Daniel Sperling, Institute of Transportation Studies, University of California at Davis Liaison Members Michael Savonis, Federal Highway Administration Kirsten Oldenburg, Bureau of Transportation Statistics Transportation Research Board Staff Mark R. Norman, Director, Technical Activities Claire L. Felbinger, Transportation Policy and Management Specialist Martine Micozzi, Management and Policy Specialist Mary Kissi, Senior Program Assistant Janille Smith, National Research Council Intern Karin DeMoors, TransTech Management, Inc., Consultant TRB Publications Office Staff Norman Solomon, Senior Editor Mary McLaughlin, Proofreader Jennifer J. Weeks, Editorial Services Specialist