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Committee Member Biographical Information David L. Greene, Chair, is Corporate Research Fellow articles in professional journals, contributed to books at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. He has long been and technical reports, and authored or edited three regarded as a leader in sustainability as it pertains to books (Transportation and Energy, Transportation and transportation. He has spent 25 years in researching Global Climate Change, and The Full Costs and Bene- transportation energy and environmental policy issues. fits of Transportation). He served as the first editor-in- His research interests include analysis of policies to mit- chief of the Joumal of Transportation and Statistics and igate greenhouse gas emissions from transportation, the currently serves on a number of editorial boards, includ- development of theory and methods for measuring the ing that of Energy Policy. sustainability of transportation systems, the modeling of energy demand, economic analysis of petroleum William R. Black is Professor of Geography and Public dependence, and the modeling of market responses to and Environmental Affairs at Indiana University. After advanced transportation technologies and alternative receiving his doctorate from the University of Iowa, he fuels. Dr. Greene has been active in the Transportation joined the faculty of the Department of Geography at Research Board (TRB) and the National Research Indiana University. He also taught at Miami University Council for more than 25 years and has served on sev- of Ohio and Purdue University. At Indiana University he eral standing and ad hoc committees dealing with served as Director of the Center for Urban and Regional energy and environmental issues and research needs. He Analysis, Chairman of the Urban and Regional Analysis is past chair and an emeritus member of TRB's Energy Faculty, Chairman of the Department of Geography, Committee, past chair of the Section on Environmental and Acting Director of the Transportation Research and Energy Concerns, and a recipient of the TRB Pyke Center. He is currently serving a second term as Chair- Johnson Award. Dr. Greene is a lifetime National Asso- man of the Department of Geography. He directed rail ciate of the National Academies. He was a U.S. partici- planning for the state of Indiana during the rail restruc- pant in the second and third assessments of the turing in the Midwest and Northeast United States in Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change as a lead the 1970s. Subsequently, he served as a member of the and contributing author. Philadelphia-based activation task force that created the Dr. Greene received a B.A. from Columbia Univer- Consolidated Rail Corporation (better known as Con- sity, an M.A. from the University of Oregon, and a rail) in 1976. He served as the first Director of the Indi- Ph.D. in geography and environmental engineering ana Department of Transportation in 1980. from the Johns Hopkins University. After joining Oak Dr. Black has been a transport adviser to the state of Ridge National Laboratory, he founded the Transporta- Indiana for the past 30 years, and he is the recipient of tion Energy Group and later established the Transporta- a Sagamore of the Wabash Award from that state for his tion Research Section. He has published more than 150 public service. He has been a member of TRB for more 53

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54 I N T E G R AT I N G S U S TA I N A B I L I T Y I N T O T H E T R A N S P O RTAT I O N P L A N N I N G P R O C E S S than 30 years. He served for 6 years as Chairman of the worked most of his life in transportation or general gov- TRB Social and Economic Factors of Transportation ernment. In a career that spans more than 30 years, he Committee. He continues as a member of that commit- has served in general government as a city manager in tee, the International Activities Committee, and the the Midwest, as a White House Fellow, and as City Task Force on Sustainable Transportation. He served Administrator of Washington, D.C. In transportation two terms as Chairman of the Transport Research he has served as an Executive Assistant to the U.S. Sec- Group of the Association of American Geographers retary of Transportation, as Associate Administrator of (AAG) and is the 1995 recipient of that group's Edward the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) for Plan- L. Ullman Award for contributions to transport geogra- ning and Budget, as Executive Director of the Federal phy. He presented the Fleming Transportation Lecture Transit Administration, and as Director of the Washing- at the 2000 meeting of AAG. From 1995 to 1998 he ton, D.C., Department of Transportation. He has served was North American Associate Editor of the Journal of as Chair of the Washington Transportation Planning Transport Geography. Board, the metropolitan planning organization for the Dr. Black continues to serve on the journal's editorial Washington metropolitan area. board as well as the boards of two international environ- Dr. Downs left the Washington area in 1988 to mental journals. He is currently Coordinator of STAR, a become the President of the Triborough Bridge and Tun- National Science Foundation thematic research network nel Authority in New York City. He later served as the on sustainable transport, and North American Coordina- Commissioner of Transportation for the State of New tor of STELLA, a thematic research network on sustain- Jersey. In that role he also served as Chairman of the able transport of the European Commission. He has New Jersey Transit Corporation. During this time he directed 20 research projects for state and federal trans- also served as Chairman of the Northeast Association of port agencies. He is the author or coauthor of five books State Transportation Officials and as a member of the and the principal author of more than 150 research Executive Committee of the American Association of papers and reports. His current research interests are in State Highway and Transportation Officials. He has the areas of sustainable transportation, indicators of sus- also served as a member of the Executive Committee of tainability, environmental impacts of transport, state and TRB and on numerous advisory committees at TRB and regional flow modeling, the use of network autocorrela- the U.S. Department of Transportation. He was one of tion analysis for examining motor vehicle accidents, and the founders of the I-95 Corridor Coalition and the full-cost analysis of alternative modes. regional E-ZPass coalition in New York. In 1993 Dr. Downs was appointed Chairman and David G. Burwell is a Senior Fellow in the Prague Insti- CEO of Amtrak, the nation's passenger railroad. He tute of Global Urban Development, a Washington think substantially completed the electrification of the North- tank, where he is an observer of transportation and envi- east Corridor and completed the purchase of high-speed ronmental policy. He was President and CEO of the Sur- train sets. He helped Congress create a $2.4 billion trust face Transportation Policy Project (STPP), a nationwide fund for the railroad. After leaving Amtrak, he became network of more than 250 organizations devoted to the CEO of the National Association of Home Builders improving the nation's transportation system. He directed (NAHB). He left NAHB to join the faculty of the Uni- STPP's New Directions Initiative, a multiyear campaign versity of Maryland, where he served as Professor and that makes federal and state transportation policies better Director of the National Center for Smart Growth. serve families and communities. Mr. Burwell cofounded He is a Fellow of the National Academy of Public STPP and served as its chair from 1990 to 1997. Administration and is the author of numerous articles Mr. Burwell was cofounder of the Rails-to-Trails and monographs. He has advanced degrees from the Conservancy, a nonprofit organization devoted to the University of Missouri and the University of Kansas. conversion of abandoned rail corridors to public trail use, and served as its president for 15 years. Mr. Burwell Richard Gilbert is an urban issues consultant who worked as legal counsel for the National Wildlife Feder- focuses on transportation, waste management, energy ation, where he specialized in transportation, land use, systems, and urban governance, with clients in North and air quality issues. He has authored several books America, Europe, and Asia. He serves as transport con- and articles on transportation law and policy. He was sultant to the Paris-based Organisation for Economic the initial recipient of the Transportation Achievement Co-operation and Development (OECD) and to Civic Award, an annual STPP award for outstanding achieve- Exchange, a Hong Kongbased think tank; as part-time ment in transportation policies. research director of the Toronto-based Centre for Sus- tainable Transportation (CST); and as adjunct profes- Thomas M. Downs was appointed President and CEO sor in the University of Sherbrooke's Faculty of of the Eno Transportation Foundation in 2003. He has Administration.

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C O M M I T T E E M E M B E R B I O G R A P H I C A L I N F O R M AT I O N 55 Dr. Gilbert received a Ph.D. in 1966 in experimental committees and on the Group 1 Council. He is founding psychology and in an earlier career was a psychology chair of the Task Force on Transportation and Sustain- professor and researcher. He taught at universities in the ability. He is a Fellow of the American Society of Civil 1960s and 1970s in Ireland, Scotland, the United States, Engineers and serves on the membership advisory review Mexico, and Canada and was associated with the committee. He has been a member of the Road Gang Addiction Research Foundation of Ontario from 1968 since 1984 and was its chairman in 1998. He has been a to 1991. In the 1990s he taught graduate courses in member of Lambda Alpha, an international honorary planning and urban governance at York University's land economics society, since 1990. He is a registered Faculty of Environmental Studies. Professional Engineer in the District of Columbia. He served as a member of the councils of the City of Mr. Heanue recently served on the International Toronto and Metropolitan Toronto from 1976 to 1991 Steering Group for the World Bank. He directed the and as president of the Federation of Canadian Munici- Dublin, Ireland, Transportation Study from 1970 to palities from 1986 to 1987. On retiring as a municipal 1971; in 1986 he served as a consultant to the World politician, he became the first president and CEO of the Bank in China. Mr. Heanue has traveled extensively on Canadian Urban Institute, a position he held from 1991 FHWA missions to Mexico, England, France, and Ger- to 1993, and has worked as an independent consultant many. Between 1989 and 1995, he represented the since then. United States as a member of the Permanent Interna- Major reports published during the past 2 years tional Association of Road Congresses Committee on include Electrifying Hong Kong: Making Transport Sus- Urban Roads. He served as the U.S. representative on tainable for Civic Exchange; Soft Measures and Trans- the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Urban Trans- port Behaviour for Umweltbundesamt, the German port Forum from 1996 to 1998. Federal Environment Agency, and OECD; Energy and Mr. Heanue is the coauthor of a recently published Smart Growth for the Neptis Foundation and the gov- textbook, Road Ecology: Science and Solutions. He ernment of Ontario; Policy Instruments for Achieving received his B.S. in civil engineering from Tufts Univer- Environmentally Sustainable Transport for OECD; and sity (cum laude) and his M.S. in civil engineering from Sustainable Transportation Performance Indicators for Georgia Institute of Technology. CST (supported by four departments of the government of Canada). Marianne Millar Mintz is Transportation Systems Engi- neer at Argonne National Laboratory. She has worked Kevin E. Heanue consults on transportation planning, with several offices of the U.S. Department of Energy environmental analysis, organizational development, and and with the Federal Emergency Management Agency. related issues. He began his consulting practice after a 40- She is focused on evaluating opportunities and investi- year career with FHWA. Clients have included TRB, the gating the impacts associated with the deployment of Eno Transportation Foundation, Cambridge Systematics, advanced engine and fuel technologies into the light- the Northern Virginia Planning District Commission, the and heavy-duty vehicle fleet, expanding and recalibrat- American Highway Users Alliance, OECD, the Civil ing transportation energy forecasting and impact assess- Engineering Research Foundation, and FHWA. Mr. ment models, and developing methods to identify Heanue has consulted on topics including induced travel, market segments and estimate the likely penetration of a bridge feasibility study, transportation research priori- alternative- and flexibly fueled vehicles into the U.S. ties, international freight movement, intermodal trans- transportation fleet. She is Chair of TRB's Transporta- portation, and the role of metropolitan planning tion Energy Committee. Ms. Mintz received a B.A. from organizations in planning for freight movements. the University of California and an M.A. from Loyola In his most recent assignment with FHWA, Mr. University, Los Angeles. Heanue served for 8 years as Director of the Office of Environment. During this time he administered the Arthur (Chris) Nelson is Professor and Founding Direc- statewide, intermodal, and urban planning programs of tor of Graduate Studies in Urban Affairs and Planning the agency, as well as the environmental programs and at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University's requirements relating to the National Environmental Alexandria Center. Before this appointment, he served Policy Act, the Clean Air Acts, and the Clean Water for 15 years as Professor of City and Regional Planning Acts. In addition, he had a major role in the develop- in the College of Architecture at Georgia Tech, where he ment and implementation of the Intermodal Surface was also appointed to the faculties in public policy and Transportation Efficiency Act and in the development international affairs in the Ivan Allen College. In addi- of the Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century. tion, he served in the Transportation Research and Edu- Mr. Heanue is active in TRB. He has served on numer- cation Center in the College of Engineering. He was an ous committees, research panels, and conference steering Adjunct Professor of Law at Georgia State University.

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56 I N T E G R AT I N G S U S TA I N A B I L I T Y I N T O T H E T R A N S P O RTAT I O N P L A N N I N G P R O C E S S Dr. Nelson is recognized broadly for his work on member of the National Research Council's Surface the relationship between metropolitan development Transportation Environmental Cooperative Research patterns and economic development, use and depen- Program Advisory Board. dency on alternative transportation modes, and social He is the recipient of a 1996 Environmental Fellow- equity. His work in metropolitan governance has ship from the German Marshall Fund of the United States shown the benefits of federal-style governance systems to study European approaches to full-cost accounting of in managing growth and investment at the metropoli- transportation impacts. From 1991 to 1992 he was Direc- tan scale. That has led to current work on the rela- tor of the Urban Planning Section of the New York State tionship between metropolitan planning organization Department of Transportation (NYSDOT) as part of an voting structure and transit investment, with implica- executive exchange between CDTC and NYSDOT. In tions for long-term metropolitan economic develop- 1988 he was honored by NYSDOT, and in 1989 honored ment, social justice, and fiscal stability. Dr. Nelson is by New York State County Highway Superintendents. In one of the world's leading experts on impact fees, espe- 2003 Mr. Poorman was named "Ally of the Year" by A cially transportation impact fees, and he has pioneered Regional Enterprise to Support Empowerment, Albany. methods of calibrating impact fees to account for Mr. Poorman has a bachelor of arts in economics social and economic equity, location efficiency, and from Haverford College and a master of science in economic development. transportation from Northwestern University. Over the past two decades, Dr. Nelson's work has been supported by such organizations as the National Daniel Sperling is Professor of Civil Engineering and Science Foundation; TRB; the Federal Transit Adminis- Environmental Science and Policy and is founding tration and other federal agencies; the Brookings Insti- Director of the Institute of Transportation Studies (ITS- tution; the Lincoln Institute of Land Policy; the Davis) at the University of California, Davis. He is also American Planning Association; numerous foundations; codirector of the Fuel Cell Vehicle Center and Hydrogen and local, regional, and state agencies. He has more Pathways research program at the University of Califor- than 150 publications to his credit. Dr. Nelson's stu- nia, Davis. ITS-Davis specializes in advanced trans- dents have won numerous national awards in planning, portation technologies, energy and environmental policy, and design, and he has won awards as teacher of impacts, and travel behavior. It was selected as a finalist the year, professional educator of the year, and for the 2003 World Technology Energy Award. researcher of the year. Dr. Sperling is recognized as a leading international expert on transportation, energy, and environmental John P. Poorman has 30 years of experience in trans- policy, particularly with respect to advanced vehicle portation planning with the Capital District Trans- technology and alternative fuels. In the past 20 years, he portation Committee (CDTC), where he has been Staff has authored or coauthored more than 160 technical Director since 1981. CDTC is the designated metropol- papers and eight books. itan planning organization for the four counties con- Dr. Sperling is Associate Editor of Transportation taining the Albany and Saratoga Springs, New York, Research D (Environment) and is a current or recent edi- urbanized areas. CDTC was selected by the Association torial board member of five other scholarly journals. He of Metropolitan Planning Organizations for its 1997 is a recent member of 10 National Academies commit- National Award for Outstanding Achievement and was tees, including Hydrogen Production and Use, Highway selected as the 1997 Employer of the Year by the Finance, Biomass Fuels Research and Development, and Women's Transportation Seminar of New York's Capi- Transportation and a Sustainable Environment. tal District. He is founding chair and emeritus member of the Mr. Poorman has been Chairman of the New York Alternative Transportation Fuels Committee of TRB State Metropolitan Planning Organizations (NYSMPOs) and serves on many advisory committees and boards of since 1995. NYSMPOs was selected by the Association directors for environmentally oriented organizations. of Metropolitan Planning Organizations for the 2000 He consults for international automotive and energy National Award for Outstanding Achievement in Special companies, major environmental groups, and several Projects for its statewide shared-cost initiatives. He was national governments. a member of the Board of Directors from 1995 to 1998 Dr. Sperling has testified numerous times to Con- and was Vice Chairman from 1996 to 1997. gress. He has provided advice to various government Mr. Poorman has been an adjunct faculty member in agencies and has provided keynote presentations and the State University of New York at Albany's graduate invited talks in recent years at international conferences Urban and Regional Planning Program, a member of in Asia, Europe, and North America. the Board of Advisors of the Eno Transportation Foun- Dr. Sperling was nominated for the 2003 World Tech- dation, a member of TRB's Executive Committee, and a nology Energy Award (individual). He was awarded the

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C O M M I T T E E M E M B E R B I O G R A P H I C A L I N F O R M AT I O N 57 2002 Carl Moyer Memorial Award for Scientific Lead- Before obtaining his Ph.D. in transportation engi- ership and Technical Excellence by the Coalition for neering from the University of California, Berkeley Clean Air; the 1998 Employer of the Year Award by the (with minors in economics and energy and resources), Women's Transportation Seminar of Sacramento; the Dr. Sperling worked 2 years as an environmental plan- 1997 Clean Air Award by the American Lung Associa- ner for the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and 2 tion of Sacramento; the 1996 Distinguished Public Ser- years as an urban planner in the Peace Corps in Hon- vice Award by the University of California, Davis; and duras. He earned an undergraduate degree in engineer- the 1993 Gilbert F. White Fellowship by Resources for ing and urban planning from Cornell University. the Future, Washington, D.C.