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Preface I n July 2004 approximately 70 people assembled in CONFERENCE PROGRAM Baltimore, Maryland, to participate in the Confer- ence on Integrating Sustainability into the Trans- The conference program was designed to maximize the portation Planning Process. The conference, organized exchange of information and perspectives among par- and conducted by the Transportation Research Board ticipants. To gain a better understanding of all of the (TRB), brought together individuals from across the viewpoints presented, the reader is encouraged to read transportation, energy, environmental, land use, plan- the report in its entirety. ning, and public policy communities--at national, state, The program began with a general session (General and local levels and from the public and the private sec- Session 1) that included a welcome from the Federal tors. The public sector was represented by officials from Highway Administration, a sponsor of the conference; the U.S. Department of Transportation, the Federal the presentation of the conference charge by the confer- Highway Administration, the Federal Transit Adminis- ence committee chair, David Greene; a keynote address tration, and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency by Thomas Deen; and presentation of the first of two as well as from state and regional organizations. Pri- resource papers developed for the conference--"Sus- vate-sector participants included members of academia, tainable Transport: Definitions and Responses" by individuals from trade associations, automotive indus- William Black. try professionals, and consultants. In General Session 2, participants heard from experts Sponsored by TRB, the Federal Highway Adminis- on six indicators of sustainability: health, climate change, tration, and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, energy, equity, land/community, and habitats/ecosystems. the conference was conducted under the auspices of In General Session 3, the second resource paper was pre- TRB's parent organizaton, the National Research Coun- sented--"What Are the Challenges to Creating Sustain- cil (NRC). A specially appointed NRC committee devel- able Transportation? How Can Transportation Systems oped the conference as a forum to exchange perspectives Become More Sustainable?" by Martin Wachs. on the challenges and potential solutions to the chal- The conference program then separated the partici- lenges of integrating sustainability concerns into the pants into four concurrent panel sessions organized into transportation planning process. Drawing on the substantive tracks. Each concurrent session included a resource papers, presentations, and conference discus- facilitator who served to energize and spur discussion sions, the conference committee evaluated the current and a rapporteur who recapped the discussion high- state of the practice, considered strategies for integrat- lights. Concurrent Sessions I focused on the challenges ing sustainability concepts into transportation planning, of sustainable transportation, and Concurrent Sessions and identified areas for further research. II requested the participants to discuss potential solu- vii
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viii I N T E G R AT I N G S U S TA I N A B I L I T Y I N T O T H E T R A N S P O RTAT I O N P L A N N I N G P R O C E S S tions to the challenges. In General Sessions 4 and 6 the responsiveness to the study charge. The review comments rapporteurs provided summaries of the concurrent ses- and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the sion discussions to stimulate the exchange of views integrity of the deliberative process. among conference participants. The conference committee thanks the following indi- In General Session 5 industry experts participated on viduals for their review of this report: David J. Forken- a panel in which they presented approaches to the chal- brock, University of Iowa, Iowa City; Francis B. lenges of sustainable transportation. In addition to the Francois, Consultant, Washington, D.C.; Charles E. general and concurrent sessions described above, the Howard, Jr., Puget Sound Regional Council, Seattle, conference included two luncheon speakers and a poster Washington; Ashby Johnson, HoustonGalveston Area session. By the close of the conference, participants not Council, Houston, Texas; Lee Schipper, World Resources only had collected a significant amount of information Institute, Washington, D.C.; and Sarah J. Siwek, Sarah J. but also had exchanged perspectives. Siwek and Associates, Inc., Los Angeles, California. Although the reviewers listed above provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they were not ACKNOWLEDGMENTS asked to endorse the conclusions or recommendations, nor did they see the final draft of the report before its This report has been reviewed in draft form by individuals release. The review of this report was overseen by C. chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical exper- Michael Walton, University of Texas at Austin. Appointed tise, in accordance with procedures approved by NRC's by NRC, he was responsible for making certain that an Report Review Committee. The purposes of this indepen- independent examination of this report was carried out in dent review are to provide candid and critical comments accordance with institutional procedures and that all that will assist the institution in making its published review comments were carefully considered. Responsibil- report as sound as possible and to ensure that the report ity for the final content of this report rests entirely with the meets institutional standards for objectivity, evidence, and authoring committee and the institution.