Click for next page ( 38


The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement



Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.

OCR for page 37
37 REFERENCES 1. AASHTO LRFD Bridge Design Specifications, 3rd ed., 16. Fisher, J.W., "The Evolution of Fatigue-Resistant American Association of State Highway and Transporta- Steel Bridges," 1997 Distinguished Lectureship, Paper tion Officials, Washington, D.C., 2004. No. 971520, 76th Annual Meeting of the Transporta- 2. Bridge Welding Code, Report AASHTO/AWS-D1.5M/ tion Research Board, Washington, D.C., Jan. 1216, D1.5:2002, American Association of State Highway and 1997, pp. 122. Transportation Officials, Washington, D.C., 2002, 383 pp. 17. Barsom, J.M. and S.T. Rolfe, Fracture and Fatigue Con- 3. Manual for Condition Evaluation and Load and Resis- trol in Structures: Applications of Fracture Mechanics, tance Factor Rating (LRFR) of Highway Bridges, 3rd ed., American Society for Testing and Materials, American Association of State Highway and Trans- West Conshohocken, Pa., 1999. portation Officials, Washington, D.C., 2004. 18. Schilling, C.G., K.H. Klippstein, J.M. Barsom, S.R. 4. 23 CFR 650, Subpart C National Bridge Inspection Novak, and G.T. Blake, Low Temperature Tests of Sim- Standards, Federal Highway Administration, Washing- ulated Bridge Members, Report No. 97.021-001(3), ton, D.C., Apr. 2001. American Iron and Steel Institute, Washington, D.C., 5. "Collapse of U.S. 35 Bridge, Point Pleasant, West Vir- 1972. ginia, December 15, 1967," Report NTSB-HAR-71-1, 19. Roberts, R., G.R. Irwin, G.V. Krishna, and B.T. Yen, National Transportation Safety Board, Washington, D.C., Fracture Toughness of Bridge Steels--Phase II, Report 1971. FHWA-RD-74-59, Federal Highway Administration, 6. Dicker, D., "Point Pleasant Bridge Collapse Mechanism Washington, D.C., 1974, 418 pp. Analyzed," Civil Engineering, Vol. 41, No. 7, July 1971, 20. Roberts, R. and G.V. Krishna, Fracture Behavior of A36 pp. 6166. Bridge Steels, Report FHWA-RD-77-156, Federal High- 7. Scheffey, C.F., "Pt. Pleasant Bridge Collapse: Conclu- way Administration, Washington, D.C., 1977, 59 pp. sions of the Federal Study," Civil Engineering, Vol. 41, 21. Roberts, R., et al., Determination of Tolerable Flaw Sizes No. 7, July 1971. in Full Size Welded Bridge Details, Report FHWA-RD- 8. Bennett, J.A. and H. Mindlin, "Metallurgical Aspects of 77-170, Federal Highway Administration, Washington, the Failure of the Point Pleasant Bridge," ASTM Jour- D.C., Dec. 1977, 427 pp. nal of Testing and Evaluation, Vol. 1, No. 2, Mar. 1973, 22. Guide Specifications for Fracture Critical Non-Redundant pp. 152161. Steel Bridge Members, American Association of State 9. Barsom, J.M., "The Development of the AASHTO Highway and Transportation Officials, Washington, D.C., Fracture Toughness Requirements for Bridge Steels," 1989 (with interims), originally published in 1978. Proceedings, USJapan Cooperative Science Seminar, 23. Standard Specification for Carbon and High-Strength American Iron and Steel Institute, Washington, D.C., Low-Alloy Structural Steel Shapes, Plates, and Bars and 1974. Quenched-and-Tempered Alloy Structural Steel Plates 10. Frank, K.H. and C.F. Galambos, "Application of Frac- for Bridges, ASTM A709, ASTM International, West ture Mechanics to Analysis of Bridge Failure," Proceed- Conshohocken, Pa., 2004. ings, Specialty Conference on Safety and Reliability of 24. Standard Specification for Carbon and High-Strength Metal Structures, American Society of Civil Engineers, Low-Alloy Structural Steel Shapes, Plates, and Bars and New York, N.Y., 1972. Quenched-and-Tempered Alloy Structural Steel Plates 11. Fisher, J.W., Fatigue and Fracture in Steel Bridges: for Bridges, AASHTO M270, Standard Specifications Case Studies, John Wiley and Sons, New York, N.Y., for Transportation Materials and Methods of Sampling 1984, 336 pp. and Testing, Part 1, Materials, 21st ed., American Asso- 12. Dexter, R.J., W.J. Wright, and J.W. Fisher, "Fatigue and ciation of State Highway and Transportation Officials, Fracture of Steel Girders," Journal of Bridge Engineer- Washington, D.C., 2001. ing, Vol. 9, No. 3, May/June 2004, pp. 278286. 25. Failla, K.S., "New Mianus Bridge Report Disputes Ear- 13. Wright, W.J., H. Tjiang, J. Hartmann, and P. Albrecht, lier Study," Civil Engineering, Vol. 55, No. 4, Apr. 1985. "Fracture Resistance of Modern Bridge Steels," Proceed- 26. "Anatomy of Fracture: Mianus River Bridge," Engineer- ings, ASCE Structures Congress, Philadelphia, Pa., 2000. ing News Record, Vol. 218, No. 8, Feb. 1987. 14. Dexter, R.J., M.J. Mutziger, and C.B. Osberg, NCHRP 27. Park, S.H., Bridge Inspection and Structural Analysis: Report 467: Performance Testing for Modular Bridge Handbook of Bridge Inspection, Park, Trenton, N.J., 1980. Joint Systems, Transportation Research Board, National 28. Harland, J.W., R.L. Purvis, D.R. Graber, P. Albrecht, and Research Council, Washington, D.C., 2002, 92 pp. T.S. Flournoy, Inspection of Fracture Critical Bridge 15. Dexter, R.J. and J.W. Fisher, "Fatigue and Fracture," In Members: Supplement to the Bridge Inspector's Training Handbook of Bridge Engineering, W.F. Chen, Ed., CRC Manual (final report), Report FHWA-IP-86-26, Federal Press, Boca Raton, Fla., 1999. Highway Administration, McLean, Va., Sep. 1986.

OCR for page 37
38 29. Bridge Inspectors Reference Manual, FHWA NHI 03- 43. Frangopol, D.M. and J.P. Curley, "Effects of Damage 002, Federal Highway Administration, Washington, D.C., and Redundancy on Structure Reliability," ASCE Spring Oct. 2002. Convention, Washington, D.C., Apr. 710, 1986. 30. Harper, J., "Underbridge Equipment," Bridge Builder, 44. Frangopol, D.M. and J.P. Curley, "Effects of Redun- Oct.Dec. 2003, p. 25. dancy Deterioration on the Reliability of Truss Systems 31. Zettler, R., "Crisis Averted," Bridge Builder, Mar.Apr. and Bridges," Conference Proceedings, In Effects of 2004, pp. 2426. Deterioration on Safety and Reliability of Structures, 32. Hearn, G., et al., Bridge Management Systems, Federal S. Marshall Ma, Ed., 1986. Highway Administration, Washington, D.C., to be 45. Frangopol, D.M. and R. Nakib, "Redundancy Evalua- published. tion of Steel Girder Bridges," 5th International Confer- 33. Verma, K., et al., Steel Bridge Fabrication Technolo- ence on Structural Safety and Reliability, San Francisco, gies in Europe and Japan, Report FHWA-PL-01-018, Calif., Aug. 711, 1989. Federal Highway Administration, Washington, D.C., 46. Frangopol, D.M. and K. Yoshida, "Loading and Material Mar. 2003. Behavior Effects on Redundancy," Proceedings of Struc- 34. Ghosn, M. and F. Moses, NCHRP Report 406: Redun- tures Congress, Chicago, Ill., Apr. 1518, 1996. dancy in Highway Bridge Superstructures, Trans- 47. Heins, C. and C.K. Hou, "Bridge Redundancy: Effect of portation Research Board, National Research Council, Bracing," Journal of the Structural Division, Vol. 106, Washington, D.C., 1998, 50 pp. No. 6, June 1980, pp. 13641367. 35. "Bridge Disasters in the United States," CNN, May 26, 48. Heins, C.P. and H. Kato, "Load Redistribution of 2002 [Online]. Available: http://www.cnn.com/2002/US/ Cracked Girders," Journal of the Structural Division, 05/26/bridge.accidents. Vol. 108, No. 8, Aug. 1982, pp. 19091915. 36. Fisher, J.W., A.W. Pense, and R. Roberts, "Evaluation of 49. Elza, P., T. Shkurti, and K. Price, "Redundancy Analy- Fracture of Lafayette Street Bridge," Journal of the Struc- sis," Marquette Interchange Final Design, Milwaukee tural Division, Vol. 103, No. 7, July 1977, pp. 13391357. Transportation Partners, Milwaukee, Wis., Mar. 2004. 37. Connor, R.J., E.J. Kaufmann, J. Jin, and C.H. Davies, 50. Lai, L.L.-Y., "Impulse Effect on Redundancy of a Tied- "Forensic Investigation of the SR422 Over the Schuylkill Arch Bridge," Computing in Civil Engineering, Proceed- River Girder Fracture," Proceedings of the Twenty-First ings of the First Congress held in conjunction with A/E/C International Bridge Conference, Pittsburgh, Pa., 2004. Systems `94, Washington, D.C., June 2022, 1994. 38. Wright, W.J., J.W. Fisher, and B. Sivakumar, Hoan 51. Michael Baker, Jr., Inc., "Investigation of Tie Beam Bridge Failure Investigation, Federal Highway Admin- Redundancy," July 10, 2003. istration, Washington, D.C., 2001. 52. Dexter, R.J., S.A. Altstadt, and C.A. Gardner, "Strength 39. Harper, J. and S. Lender, "Emergency Fix," Bridge and Ductility of HPS70W Tension Members and Tension Builder, Oct.Dec. 2003, pp. 2628. Flanges with Holes," Final Report to American Iron and 40. Idriss, R.L., K.R. White, C.B. Woodward, and D.V. Steel Institute, University of Minnesota, Twin Cities, Jauregui, "After-Fracture Redundancy of Two Girder Mar. 2002. Bridge: Testing I-40 Bridges Over Rio Grande," Con- 53. Dexter, R.J. and S.A. Altstadt, "Strength and Ductility ference Proceedings 7, Fourth International Bridge Engi- of Tension Flanges in Girders," Recent Developments neering Conference, Aug. 2830, 1995, San Francisco, in Bridge Engineering, K.M. Mahmoud, Ed., A.A. Calif., pp. 316326. Balkema/Swets & Zeitlinger, Exton, Pa., Oct. 2003, 41. Kritzler, R.W. and J. Mohammadi, "Probabilistic Eval- pp. 6781. uation of Redundancy of Bridge Structures," Proceed- 54. Manual for Condition Evaluation of Bridges, 2nd ed., ings of the Sixth Specialty Conference, Denver, Colo., American Association of State Highway and Trans- July 810, 1992. portation Officials, Washington, D.C., 2000, 148 pp. 42. Moses, F., "Evaluation of Bridge Safety and Remain- 55. Warne, T.R., NCHRP Synthesis of Highway Practice ing Life," Conference Proceeding, In Structural Design, 313: State DOT Outsourcing and Private-Sector Utiliza- Analysis, and Testing, Alfred H.S. Ang, Ed., 1989, pp. tion, Transportation Research Board, National Research 717726. Council, Washington, D.C., June 2003, 42 pp.