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37 REFERENCES 1. AASHTO LRFD Bridge Design Specifications, 3rd ed., 16. Fisher, J.W., "The Evolution of Fatigue-Resistant American Association of State Highway and Transporta- Steel Bridges," 1997 Distinguished Lectureship, Paper tion Officials, Washington, D.C., 2004. No. 971520, 76th Annual Meeting of the Transporta- 2. Bridge Welding Code, Report AASHTO/AWS-D1.5M/ tion Research Board, Washington, D.C., Jan. 1216, D1.5:2002, American Association of State Highway and 1997, pp. 122. Transportation Officials, Washington, D.C., 2002, 383 pp. 17. Barsom, J.M. and S.T. Rolfe, Fracture and Fatigue Con- 3. Manual for Condition Evaluation and Load and Resis- trol in Structures: Applications of Fracture Mechanics, tance Factor Rating (LRFR) of Highway Bridges, 3rd ed., American Society for Testing and Materials, American Association of State Highway and Trans- West Conshohocken, Pa., 1999. portation Officials, Washington, D.C., 2004. 18. Schilling, C.G., K.H. Klippstein, J.M. 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