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SECTION III--TYPE OF PROBLEM BEING ADDRESSED · Single-vehicle crashes accounted for more than half of all work zone fatal crashes. · Rear-end fatal crashes were about 2.7 times as common in work zones as in all fatal crashes. Other points regarding work zone safety include the following: · Ninety percent of work zone fatal crashes involved vehicle drivers or occupants. Approximately 10 percent were pedestrians and bicyclists (FARS, 2003). · Heavy trucks were involved in more than 20 percent of fatal work zone crashes (FMCSA, 2004). · Alcohol was involved in 39 percent of fatal work zone crashes in 2003 (National Work Zone Safety Information Clearinghouse, http://wzsafety.tamu.edu/index.stm). A broad range of engineering enforcement, education, and agency policy strategies are available (and discussed in Section V) and the potential to significantly improve work zone safety for workers, motorists, and other highway users. These safety strategies also link to guides in the NCHRP Report 500 series already developed (or being developed) to address other priority areas in the SHSP. Key References AARTBA (American Road and Transportation Builders Association). April 6, 2004. "Roadway Construction Workers at Higher Risk Federal Government Data Show, ARTBA Programs Aim to Improve Worker Safety." News Release. http://www.artba.org/news/press_releases/ 2004/04-06-04.htm Cambridge Systematics, Inc. (with Texas Transportation Institute). July 19, 2004. Traffic Congestion and Reliability: Linking Solutions to Problems, prepared for Federal Highway Administration, final report. http://www.ops.fhwa.dot.gov/congestion_report/ congestion_report.pdf DHHS/NIOSH (Department of Health and Human Services/National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health). Building Safer Highway Work Zones--Measures to Prevent Worker Injuries from Vehicles. Publication No. 2001-128. FARS (Fatality Analysis Reporting System). January 2005. Web-Based Encyclopedia. National Highway Transportation Safety Administration. http://www-fars.nhtsa.dot.gov FARS (Fatality Analysis Reporting System). 1994-2003. 1994-2003 Alcohol Related Work Zone Fatalities. NHTSA. http://wzsafety.tamu.edu/crash_data/alcohol_fatality.stm FHWA (Federal Highway Administration). September 1998. Meeting the Customer's Needs for Mobility and Safety During Construction and Maintenance Operations. Office of Program Quality Coordination, FHWA-PR-98-01-A. FHWA (Federal Highway Administration). 2004. Work Zone Facts and Statistics. http://ops.fhwa.dot.gov/wz/resources/facts_stats.htm FMCSA (Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration). April 2004. Large Truck Crash Facts 2002. U.S. DOT. Analysis Division. III-5
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SECTION III--TYPE OF PROBLEM BEING ADDRESSED Keever, D.B., K. Weiss, and R.C. Quarles. 2001. Moving Ahead: The American Public Speaks on Roadways and Transportation in Communities. FHWAOP-01-017. National Transportation Library, FHWA, U.S. Department of Transportation. http://ntl.bts.gov/lib/10000/10300/10320/movingahead.pdf Laborers' Health and Safety Fund of North America. August 1998. "Road Construction Hazards Fact Sheet." Washington, D.C. http://wzsafety.tamu.edu/files/factsheet.stm Wunderlich, K., and D. Hardesty. 2003. "A Snapshot of Summer 2001 Work Zone Activity Based on Information Reported on State Road Closure and Construction Websites." EDL 13793. National Transportation Library, FHWA, U.S. Department of Transportation. http://www.itsdocs.fhwa.dot.gov//JPODOCS/REPTS_TE//13793.html III-6