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APPENDIX A Housing and Population Questions From ACS and Census Long Form 151

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Table A.1. Housing and population questions-comparing the 2003 american community survey (acs) questionnaires. Census 2000 Census 1990 First 2003 ACS Description Long Form Long Form Used ACS 1999-2002 ACS 1996-1998 Housing Questions Which best describes this building? Units in Structure Identical to current First answer cate- 1940 Identical to current Identical to LF 1990 A mobile home, a one-family house detached from an other house, a ACS gory A mobile home ACS one-family house attached to one or more houses, a building with two "or trailer." Last apartments, a building with three or four apartments, a building with five category was "Other" to nine apartments, a building with 10 to 19 apartments, a building with rather than "Boat, RV, 20 to 49 apartments, a building with 50 or more apartments, boat, RV, van, etc." van, etc. About when was this building first built? Year Structure Built First answer category Included "Don't 1940 First answer category Response area 2000 or later, 1995 to 1999, 1990 to 1994, 1980 to 1989, 1970 to 1979, is: 1999 or 2000, Know" response is: 1999 or later was write-in space 1960 to 1969, 1950 to 1959, 1940 to 1949, 1939 or earlier. remaining categories category are identical When did Person 1 (listed in the List of Residents on page 2) move Year Householder Answer categories Question did not 1960 Identical to current Identical to LF 1990 into this house, apartment, or mobile home? Moved In provided include "or mobile ACS Month/Year (write-in space). home"; answer cate- gories provided How many acres is this house or mobile home on? Acreage Identical to current "Is this house on less 1970 Identical to current Identical to LF 1990 Less than one acre, one to 9.9 acres, 10 or more acres. ACS than one acre" ACS In the past 12 months, what were the actual sales of all agricultural Agricultural Sales Census uses "In Identical to LF 2000 1970 Identical to current "In the past 12 products from this property? 1999" rather than "In ACS months, were the None, $1 to $999; $1,000 to $2,499; $2,500 to $4,999; $5,000 to $9,999; past 12 months" sales of all agricul- and $10,000 or more. tural products form this property $1,000 or more?" Is there a business (such as a store or barber shop) or a medical Business or Medical Identical to current Identical to LF 2000 1970 Identical to current No parenthesis office on this property? Office on Property ACS ACS Yes/No. How many rooms are in this house, apartment, or mobile home? Number of Rooms Census uses "do you Question did not 1940 Identical to current Did not include "or One room, two rooms, three rooms, four rooms, five rooms, six rooms, have" rather than include "or mobile ACS mobile home"; seven rooms, eight rooms, nine or more rooms. "are in" home"; otherwise response area was identical to LF 2000 write-in

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Table A.1. (Continued). Census 2000 Census 1990 First 2003 ACS Description Long Form Long Form Used ACS 1999-2002 ACS 1996-1998 How many bedrooms are in this house, apartment, or mobile home; Bedrooms Census uses "do you Question did not 1960 Identical to current Identical to LF 1990 that is, how many bedrooms would you list if this house, apartment have" rather than include"or mobile ACS or mobile home were on the market for sale or rent? "does this house" home"; otherwise No bedroom, one bedroom, two bedrooms, three bedrooms, four bed- identical to LF 2000 rooms, five or more bedrooms. Does this house, apartment, or mobile home have complete Plumbing Census uses "do you Question did not 1980 Identical to current Identical to LF 1990 plumbing facilities; that is, 1) hot and cold piped water, 2) a flush have" rather than include"or mobile ACS toilet, and 3) a bathtub or shower? "does this house" home"; otherwise Yes has all three facilities/No. identical to LF 2000 Does this house, apartment, or mobile home have complete kitchen Kitchen Facilities Census uses "do you Answer categories 1960 Identical to current Did not include "or facilities; that is, 1) a sink with piped water, 2) a stove or range, and have" rather than Yes, No ACS mobile home"; 3) a refrigerator? "does this house" otherwise identical Yes has all three facilities/No. to current ACS Is there telephone service available in this house, apartment, or Telephone Services Identical to current "Do you have a tele- 1980 Identical to current Identical to LF 1990 mobile home from which you can both make and receive calls? ACS phone in this house or ACS Yes/No. apartment?" How many automobiles, vans, and trucks of one-ton capacity or Vehicles Available Identical to current Upper limit category 1960 Identical to current Response area less are kept at home for use by members of this household? ACS "seven or more" ACS was write-in space None, one, two, three, four, five, six or more. instead of "six or more" Which fuel is used most for heating this house, apartment, or House Heating Fuel Identical to current Question did not 1940 Identical to current Did not include "or mobile home? ACS include"or mobile ACS mobile home"; Gas from underground pipes serving the neighborhood; gas: bottled, home"; otherwise otherwise identical tank, or LP; electricity; fuel oil, kerosene, etc.; coal or coke; wood; solar identical to LF 2000 to current ACS energy; other fuel; no fuel used. Last month, what was the cost of electricity (gas; water and sewer; Cost of Utilities Census uses" What "What are yearly 1980 Identical to current Did not include "or oil, coal, kerosene, wood, etc.) for this house, apartment, or mobile are the annual costs" costs..." ACS mobile home"; home? otherwise identical Last month' s cost dollars (write-in space). to current ACS At any time during the past 12 months, did anyone in this house- Food Stamps Not in Census Missing 2000 Identical to current Identical to current hold receive food stamps? ACS ACS Yes what was the value of the food stamps received in the past 12 months? (write-in space); no. Is this house, apartment, or mobile home part of a condominium? Condominiums Instruction given, Question did not 1980 Identical to current Did not include "or Yes what is the monthly condominium fee? Monthly amount dollars answer only if this is a include"or mobile ACS mobile home"; (write-in space); no. condominium "What home"; otherwise otherwise identical is the..." identical to LF 2000 to current ACS (continued on next page)

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Table A.1. (Continued). Census 2000 Census 1990 First 2003 ACS Description Long Form Long Form Used ACS 1999-2002 ACS 1996-1998 Is this house, apartment, or mobile home? Tenure Identical to current Question did not 1890 Identical to current Did not include "or Owned by you or someone in this household with a mortgage or loan; ACS include"or mobile ACS mobile home"; owned by you or someone in this household free and clear (without a home"; otherwise otherwise identicalto mortgage or loan); rented for cash rent; occupied without payment of identical to LF 2000 current ACS cash rent. What is the monthly rent for this house, apartment, or mobile Rent Identical to current Answer categories 1930 Identical to current Did not include "or home? ACS provided; second part ACS mobile home"; Monthly amount dollars (write-in space). of question identical Otherwise identical to current ACS Does monthly rent include any meals? Yes/No. What is the value of this property; that is, how much do you think Value Answer categories Answer categories 1980 Identical to current Write-in space this house and lot, apartment, or mobile home and lot, would sell include: $250,000 to include: $250,000 to ACS for if it were for sale? $299,999; $300,000 to $299,999; $300,000 Less than $10,000; $10,000 to $14,999; $15,000 to $24,999; $25,000 to $399,999; $400,000 to to $399,999; $29,999; $30,000 to $34,999; $35,000 to $39,999; $40,000 to $49,999; $499,999; $500,000 to $400,000 to $50,000 to $59,999; $60,000 to $69,000; $70,000 to $79,999; $80,000 $749,999; $750,000 to $499,999; $500,000 to $89,999; $90,000 to $99,999; $100,000 to $124,999; $125,000 to $999,999; $1,000,000 or more $149,999; $150,000 to $174,999; $175,000 to $199,999; $200,000 to or more $249,999, $250,000 or more specify. What are the annual real estate taxes on this property? Real Estate Taxes "What were the real Identical to LF 2000 1980 Identical to current Identical to current Annual amount dollars (write-in space). estate taxes on this ACS ACS property last year" What is the annual payment for fire, hazard, and flood insurance on Insurance "What was the annual Identical to LF 2000 1980 Identical to current Identical to current this property? payment..." ACS ACS Annual amount dollars (write-in space). Do you or any member of this household have a mortgage, deed of Mortgages Identical to current Identical to LF 2000 1980 Identical to current Identical to current trust, contract to purchase, or similar debt on this property? ACS ACS ACS Yes Mortgage, deed of trust, or similar debt; yes contract to pur- chase; no. How much is your regular monthly mortgage payment on this property? Monthly amounts dollars (write-in space). Does your regular monthly mortgage payment include payments for real estate taxes? Yes taxes included in mortgage payment; no taxes paid separately or taxes not required.

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Table A.1. (Continued). Census 2000 Census 1990 First 2003 ACS Description Long Form Long Form Used ACS 1999-2002 ACS 1996-1998 Does your regular monthly mortgage payment include payments for fire, hazard, or flood insurance on this property? Yes insurance included in mortgage payment; no insurance paid separately or no insurance. Do you or any member of this household have a second mortgage Mortgages Identical "junior mortgage" 1980 Identical to current Identical to current or a home equity loan on this property? included in first ACS ACS Yes home equity loan; yes second mortgage; yes second mort- question gage and home equity loan; no. How much is the regular monthly payment on all second or junior Mortgages Identical "junior mortgage" 1980 Identical to current Identical to current mortgages and all home equity loans on this property? included in first ACS ACS Monthly amount dollars (write-in space). question What are the total annual costs for personal property taxes, site Mobile Home Costs Two-part question. "What was the total 1980 Identical to current Identical to current rent, registration fees, and license fees on this mobile home and its Instruction given, cost for personal ..." ACS ACS site? answer only if this is a Annual costs dollars (write-in space). mobile home. "Do you have an install- ment loan or contract on this mobile home?: If yes what was the total cost for the installment loan pay- ments, personal prop- erty taxes, site rent, registration fees, license fees on this mobile home and its site last year?" Do you or any member of this household live or stay at this Verification of Missing Missing 2003 "Do all persons listed "Do all persons address year round? Residence Status on pages two and staying in this Yes/No. (Seasonal three live at this house or apartment Residence) address year round? usually spend more How many months a year do members of this household stay at Of the persons listed than two consecu- this address? Months (write-in space). how many live some- tive months of the What is the main reason members of this household are staying at where else part of the year at another this address? year? Do you consider residence? Where this house, apartment, is that residence This is their permanent address; this is their seasonal or vacation or mobile home, that located? How long address; to be close to work; to attend school or college; looking for uses the address on does this house- permanent housing; other reasons. the front cover, hold usually spend your..." at that address?" (continued on next page)

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Table A.1. (Continued). Census 2000 Census 1990 First 2003 ACS Description Long Form Long Form Used ACS 1999-2002 ACS 1996-1998 Population Questions What is the person's sex? Sex Not matrix; answer Identical to LF 2000 1790 Identical to current Identical to current Male/Female. categories identical ACS ACS What is this person's age and what is this person's date of birth? Age Not matrix; age on Age at last birthday; 1790 Identical to current Identical to current Age (in years) month/day/year of birth (write-in space). April 1, 2000, month, year of birth. Write-in ACS ACS day, year of birth and also needed to fill (write-in space) in answer circles How is this person related to Person 1? Relationship Not matrix; answer Answer categories: 1880 Identical to current Identical to current Husband or wife; son or daughter; brother or sister; father or mother; categories: husband/wife; natural- ACS ACS grandchild; in-law; other relative; roomer, boarder; housemate, room- husband/wife, natural- born/adopted mate; unmarried partner; foster child; other non-relative. born son/daughter; son/daughter; adopted son/daughter; stepson/stepdaughter; stepson/stepdaughter; brother/sister; parent-in-law, son-in- father/mother; grand- law/daughter-in-law, child; other relative; other relative roomer, boarder, or foster child; house- mate, roommate; unmarried partner; other non-relative What is this person' s marital status? Marital Status Identical to current Identical to LF 2000 1880 Identical to current Identical to current Now married; widowed; divorced; separated; never married. ACS ACS ACS Is this person Spanish/Hispanic/Latino? Hispanic Origin Identical to current "Is this person of 1970 Identical to current Identical to current No not Spanish/Hispanic/Latino; yes Mexican, Mexican American, ACS Spanish/Hispanic ACS ACS Chicano; yes Puerto Rican; yes Cuban; yes other origin?" Spanish/Hispanic/Latino print group (write-in space). What is this person' s race? Race Identical to current Instructed to "Fill 1790 Identical to current Instructed to "Mark One or more races. White; Black or African American, American Indian ACS ONE circle for the ACS one box." or Alaskan Native (print name of enrolled or principal tribe); Asian Indian; race that the person Chinese; Filipino; Japanese; Korean; Vietnamese; other Asian print considers race; Native Hawaiian; Guamanian or Chamorro; Samoan; other Pacific himself/herself to be." Islander print race. Where was this person born? Place of Birth Identical to current "In what U.S. state or 1850 Identical to current " In what U.S. state, In the United States print name of state; outside the United States ACS foreign country was ACS territory, common- print name of foreign country. this person born?" wealth, or foreign Write-in space country was this person born?" Write-in space

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Table A.1. (Continued). Census 2000 Census 1990 First 2003 ACS Description Long Form Long Form Used ACS 1999-2002 ACS 1996-1998 Is this person a citizen of the United States? Citizenship Identical to current Identical 1820 Identical to current Identical to current Yes born in the United States; yes born in Puerto Rico, Guam, U.S. ACS ACS ACS Virgin Islands, or Northern Marianas; yes born abroad of American parent or parents; yes U.S. citizen by naturalization; no not a citizen of the United States. When did this person come to live in the United States? Year of Entry Identical to current Answer categories 1890 Identical to current Identical to current Year (write-in space) ACS provided ACS ACS At any time in the last three months, has this person attended School Enrollment "At any time since Identical to LF 2000; 1850 Identical to current Did not contain regular school or college? February 1, 2000..." second part of ques- ACS second part of No has not attended in the last three months; yes public school, tion missing question public college; yes private school, private college. What grade or level was this person attending? Nursery school, preschool, kindergarten, grade 1 to grade 4; grade 5 to grade 8; grade 9 to grade 12; college undergraduate years (freshman to senior); graduate or professional school. What is the highest degree or level of school this person has Educational Identical to current "How much school 1940 Identical to current Identical to current completed? Attainment ACS has this person ACS ACS No schooling completed; nursery school to fourth grade; fifth grade or completed?" sixth grade; seventh grade or eighth grade; ninth grade; 10th grade; 11th grade; 12th grade no diploma; high school graduate; some college credit, but less than one year; one or more years of college, no degree; Associate degree; Bachelor's degree; Master's degree; Professional degree; Doctorate degree. What is this person's ancestry or ethnic origin? Ancestry Identical to current Identical Pre Identical to current Identical to current Write-in space. ACS 1980 ACS ACS Does this person speak a language other than English at home? Language Spoken Identical to current Identical to LF 2000 1890 Identical to current Identical to current Yes/No. at Home ACS ACS ACS What is this language? Write-in space. How well does this person speak English? Very well, well, not well, not at all. Did this person live in this house or apartment one year ago? Residence One "Did this person live Question wording the Pre Identical to current Identical to LF 1990 Person is under one year old; yes this house; no outside the United Year Ago in this house or same as LF 2000, 1980 ACS States; no different house in the United States. apartment five years slightly different for- ago (on April 1, mat for capturing Where did this person live one year ago? 1995)?" Person is address information Name of city, town, or post office. under five years old; remaining answer categories identical. (continued on next page)

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Table A.1. (Continued). Census 2000 Census 1990 First 2003 ACS Description Long Form Long Form Used ACS 1999-2002 ACS 1996-1998 Did this person live inside the limits of the city of town? "Where did this person live five years Yes/No outside the city/town limits. Name of county, name of state, ago?" zip code (write-in space) Does this person have any of the following long-lasting Disability Question has two "Does this person 1830 Identical to current "If this person has conditions? parts not three as in have a physical men- ACS difficulty seeing, Blindness, deafness, or a severe vision or hearing impairment; a condi- ACS. Second and tal, or other health hearing, or walking, tion that substantially limits one or more basic physical activities such as third parts of ACS condition that has mark [X] the appro- walking, climbing stairs, reaching, lifting, or carrying. combined into one lasted for six or more priate boxes"; item months and which otherwise the same Because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition lasting six limits the amount of as current ACS months or more, does this person have any difficulty in doing any work this person of the following activities? can do at a job? Learning, remembering, or concentrating; dressing, bathing or getting Prevents this person around inside the home. from working at job?" "Because of a health Because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition lasting six condition that has months or more, does this person have any difficulty in doing any lasted for six or of the following activities? more months, does Going outside the home alone to shop or visit a doctor's office; working this person have any at a job or business. difficulty going out- side the home alone, for example, to shop or visit a doctor's office? Taking care of his or her own per- sonal needs such as bathing, dressing, or getting around inside the home?" Has this person given birth to any children in the past 12 months? Children born last Missing How many babies has 2000 Identical to current Identical to LF 1990 Yes/No. 12 months she had not counting ACS stillbirths? Does this person have any of his/her own grandchildren under the Grandparents as Identical to current Missing 2000 Identical to current Identical to current age of 18 living in this house or apartment? Caregivers ACS ACS ACS Yes/No. Is this grandparent currently responsible for most of the basic needs of any grandchildren under the age of 18 who lives in this house or apartment? Yes/No.

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Table A.1. (Continued). Census 2000 Census 1990 First 2003 ACS Description Long Form Long Form Used ACS 1999-2002 ACS 1996-1998 How long has this grandparent been responsible for the(se) grandchildren? Less than six months; six to 11 months; one or two years; three or four years; five or more years. Has this person ever served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Veteran Status For second part of "Has this person ever 1840 Identical to current Identical to LF 1990 Forces, military Reserves, or National Guard? question, first answer been on active-duty ACS Yes now on active duty; yes on active duty during the last 12 category is military service in the months, but not now; yes on active duty in the past, but not during the "April 1995 or later" Armed Forces of the last 12 months; no training for Reserves or National Guard only; no and slightly different United States or ever never served in the military. remaining categories been in the United States military When did this person serve on active duty in the U.S. Armed Reserves or the Forces? National Guard?" September 2001 or later; August 1990 to August 2001; September 1980 Yes now on active to July 1990; Vietnam era (August 1964 to April 1975); March 1961 to duty; yes on active July 1964; February 1955 to February 1961; Korean War (July 1950 to duty in past but not January 1955); January 1947 to June 1950; World War II now, yes service in (December 1941 to December 1946); November 1941 or earlier. Reserves or National Guard, no; write-in In total, how many years of active-duty military service has this space for how many person had? years of active-duty Less than two years; two years or more. military service Last week, did this person do any work for either pay or profit? Labor Force Status Identical to current "Did this person work 1970 Identical to current Identical to current Yes/No. ACS at any time last ACS ACS week?" At what location did this person work last week? Place of Work Identical to current Identical to LF 2000 1960 Identical to current Identical to current Address; city, town, or post office (write-in space). ACS ACS ACS Is the work location inside the limits of that city or town? Yes name of county, name of U.S. state or foreign country, zip code; no outside the city/town limits. How did this person usually get to work last week? Means of Identical to current Identical to LF 2000 1960 Identical to current Identical to current Car, truck, or van; bus or trolley bus; streetcar or trolley car; subway or Transportation to ACS ACS ACS elevated; railroad; ferryboat; taxicab; motorcycle; bicycle; walked; Work worked at home; other method. How many people, including this person, usually rode to work in Carpooling Answer categories Upper limit category 1960 Identical to current Identical to current the car, truck, or van last week? provided "10 or more" ACS ACS instead of "seven or Person(s) (write-in space). more" (continued on next page)

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Table A.1. (Continued). Census 2000 Census 1990 First 2003 ACS Description Long Form Long Form Used ACS 1999-2002 ACS 1996-1998 What time did this person usually leave home to go to work last Departure Time Identical to current Identical to LF 2000 1960 Identical to current Identical to current week? ACS ACS ACS Hour, minute a.m., p.m. (write-in space). How many minutes did it usually take this person to get from home to work last week? Minutes (write-in space) Last week, was this person on layoff from a job? Yes/No. Absence From Identical to current "Was this person 1970 Identical to current Identical to current Last week, was this person temporarily absent from a job or Work ACS temporarily absent or ACS ACS business? Yes/No. on layoff from a job or business last week?" Has this person been informed that he or she will be recalled to work within the next six months or been given a date to return to work? Yes/No. Has this person been looking for work during the last four weeks? Looking for work Subpart of question "Has this person 1970 Identical to current Identical to current Yes/No. above been looking for work ACS ACS during the last four weeks?" Last week, could this person have started a job if offered one, or Availability for Work Subparts of question "Could this person 1970 Identical to current "Last week, could returned to work if recalled? above have taken a job last ACS this person have Yes could have gone to work; no because of temporary illness; no week if one had been gone to work?" because of all other reasons (in school, etc.). offered?" When did this person last work even for few days? Work History Identical to current Identical to LF 2000 1970 Identical to current Identical to current Within the past 12 months; one to five years ago; over five years ago or ACS ACS ACS never worked. During the past 12 months, how many weeks did this person work? Work Last Year "Last year, 1999, did Identical to LF 2000 1970 Identical to current Identical to current Weeks (write-in space). this person work at a ACS ACS job or business at any time? How many weeks did this person work in 1999?" During the past 12 months, in the weeks worked, how many hours Hours Worked Per Subpart of question "How many hours did 1970 Identical to current Identical to current did this person usually work each week? Week above."During the this work last week?" ACS ACS Usual hours worked each week (write-in space). weeks worked in 1999, how many hours did this person usually work each week?"

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Table A.1. (Continued). Census 2000 Census 1990 First 2003 ACS Description Long Form Long Form Used ACS 1999-2002 ACS 1996-1998 Current or most recent job activity. Class Identical to current Identical to LF 2000 1910 Identical to Current Identical to Current Was this person...an employee of a private for profit company or busi- ACS ACS ACS ness, or of an individual, for wages, salary, or commissions; an employee of a private not for profit tax-exempt, or charitable organiza- tion; a local government employee (city, county, etc.), a state govern- ment employee; a Federal government employee; self-employed in own not incorporated business, professional practice, or farm; self-employed in own incorporated business, professional practice, or farm; working without pay in a family business or farm. For whom did this person work? Industry A third question part: Identical to LF 2000 1850 Identical to LF 2000 Identical to LF 2000 Name of company, business, or other employer (Write-in space) What Is this mainly kind of business or industry was this in? (Write-in space) manufacturing, whole- sale trade, retail trade, other What kind of work was this person doing? (Write-in space) Occupation Identical to current Identical to LF 2000 1850 Identical to current Identical to current What were this person's most important activities or duties? ACS ACS ACS (Write-in space) Income in the past 12 months. Income Identical to current Identical to LF 2000 1940 Identical to current Identical to current Separate items for: Wages, salary, commissions, bonuses, or tips from ACS ACS ACS all jobs. Self-employment income from own non-farm businesses or farm businesses, including proprietorships and partnerships. Interest, dividends, net rental income, royalty income, or income from estates and trusts. Social security or railroad retirement. Supplemental security income. Any public assistance or welfare payments from the state or local welfare office. Retirement, survivor, or disability pensions. Any other sources of income received regularly such as Veterans (VA) pay- ments, unemployment compensation, child support or alimony. Yes total amount for past 12 months (write-in space); no. What was this person' s total income during the past 12 months? Total Income What was this per- Identical to LF 2000 1940 Identical to current Identical to current None or total amount for past 12 months (write-in space). son's total income in ACS ACS 1999?