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APPENDIX C ACS Data Profiles 185

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186 A Guidebook for Using American Community Survey Data for Transportation Planning DP: General Characteristics: 2004 Data Set: 2004 American Community Survey Geographic Area: Hudson County, New Jersey NOTE. Data are limited to the household population and exclude the population living in institutions, college dormitories, and other group quarters. For information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, and definitions, see Survey Methodology General Demographic Characteristics: 2004 Estimate Lower Bound Upper Bound Total population 596,790 ***** ***** SEX AND AGE Male 291,685 288,898 294,472 Female 305,105 302,318 307,892 Under 5 years 42,883 ***** ***** 5 to 9 years 36,289 31,715 40,863 10 to 14 years 39,812 35,168 44,456 15 to 19 years 34,669 31,166 38,172 20 to 24 years 37,365 33,663 41,067 25 to 34 years 99,893 96,238 103,548 35 to 44 years 107,814 103,303 112,325 45 to 54 years 80,215 76,318 84,112 55 to 59 years 30,193 25,132 35,254 60 to 64 years 23,485 19,317 27,653 65 to 74 years 33,741 31,267 36,215 75 to 84 years 19,957 17,004 22,910 85 years and over 10,474 8,048 12,900 Median age (years) 35.8 35.2 36.4 18 years and over 456,334 ***** ***** 21 years and over 435,689 431,169 440,209 62 years and over 76,101 71,690 80,512 65 years and over 64,172 61,471 66,873 Figure C.1. Example of an ACS data profile, general characteristics.

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ACS Data Profiles 187 General Demographic Characteristics: 2004 Estimate Lower Bound Upper Bound 18 years and over 456,334 ***** ***** Male 221,090 ***** ***** Female 235,244 ***** ***** 65 years and over 64,172 61,471 66,873 Male 25,923 24,057 27,789 Female 38,249 37,014 39,484 RACE One race 590,437 587,536 593,338 Two or more races 6,353 3,452 9,254 Total population 596,790 ***** ***** One race 590,437 587,536 593,338 White 298,602 285,049 312,155 Black or African American 78,638 75,394 81,882 American Indian and Alaska Native 1,072 0 2,480 Cherokee tribal grouping N N N Chippewa tribal grouping N N N Navajo tribal grouping N N N Sioux tribal grouping N N N Asian 64,783 63,913 65,653 Asian Indian 28,345 21,642 35,048 Chinese, except Taiwanese 9,563 5,231 13,895 Filipino 16,139 10,228 22,050 Japanese 719 0 1,880 Korean 3,659 988 6,330 Vietnamese 5,705 1,304 10,106 Other Asian 653 0 1,752 Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 0 0 538 Native Hawaiian N N N Guamanian or Chamorro N N N Samoan N N N Other Pacific Islander N N N Figure C.1. (Continued). (continued on next page)

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188 A Guidebook for Using American Community Survey Data for Transportation Planning General Demographic Characteristics: 2004 Estimate Lower Bound Upper Bound Some other race 147,342 133,523 161,161 Two or more races 6,353 3,452 9,254 White and Black or African American 588 0 1,346 White and American Indian and Alaska Native 0 0 538 White and Asian 926 56 1,796 Black or African American and American Indian 890 0 2,360 and Alaska Native Race alone or in combination with one or more other races: Total population 596,790 ***** ***** White 303,500 289,876 317,124 Black or African American 80,732 77,955 83,509 American Indian and Alaska Native N N N Asian 65,845 65,614 66,076 Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander N N N Some other race 151,291 137,476 165,106 HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE Total population 596,790 ***** ***** Hispanic or Latino (of any race) 247,792 ***** ***** Mexican 13,886 7,329 20,443 Puerto Rican 40,321 29,113 51,529 Cuban 29,432 23,314 35,550 Other Hispanic or Latino 164,153 151,153 177,153 Not Hispanic or Latino 348,998 ***** ***** White alone 205,170 204,715 205,625 Black or African American alone 75,431 73,156 77,706 American Indian or Alaska Native alone 247 0 672 Asian alone 64,783 63,913 65,653 Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone 0 0 538 Some other race alone 818 0 1,840 Two or more races: 2,549 414 4,684 Two races, including Some other race 145 0 398 Figure C.1. (Continued).

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ACS Data Profiles 189 General Demographic Characteristics: 2004 Estimate Lower Bound Upper Bound Two races, excluding Some other race, and Three 2,404 299 4,509 or more races RELATIONSHIP Household population 596,790 ***** ***** Householder 233,191 223,646 242,736 Spouse 99,945 92,196 107,694 Child 168,363 158,603 178,123 Other relatives 53,799 41,297 66,301 Nonrelatives 41,492 34,117 48,867 Unmarried partner 16,956 12,716 21,196 HOUSEHOLDS BY TYPE Total households 223,946 219,175 228,717 Family households (families) 133,121 125,383 140,859 With own children under 18 years 63,642 56,962 70,322 Married-couple families 92,567 84,281 100,853 With own children under 18 years 44,567 38,037 51,097 Female householder, no husband present 30,809 25,857 35,761 With own children under 18 years 17,133 13,122 21,144 Nonfamily households 90,825 83,474 98,176 Householder living alone 68,611 61,570 75,652 65 years and over 18,451 14,387 22,515 Households with one or more people under 18 71,146 64,101 78,191 years Households with one or more people 65 years 46,013 42,211 49,815 and over Average household size 2.66 2.60 2.72 Average family size 3.46 3.33 3.59 Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2004 American Community Survey. Data are based on a sample and are subject to sampling variability. The degree of uncertainty for an estimate arising from sampling variability is represented through the use of a confidence interval. The interval shown here is a 90 percent confidence interval. The stated range can be interpreted roughly as providing a 90 percent probability that the interval defined by the lower and upper bounds contains the true value. In addition to sampling variability, the ACS estimates are subject to nonsampling error (for a discussion of nonsampling variability, see http://www.census.gov/acs/www/ Downloads/ACS/accuracy2004.pdf). The effect of nonsampling error is not represented in these tables. Notes: The number of householders does not necessarily equal the number of households because of differences in the weighting schemes for the population and occupied housing units. For more information on understanding race and Hispanic origin data, please see the Census 2000 Brief entitled, http://www.census.gov/prod/2001pubs/c2kbr01-1.pdf, issued March 2001. (pdf format) Explanation of Symbols: 1. An `*' entry in the lower and upper bound columns indicates that too few sample observations were available to compute a standard error and thus the lower and upper bounds. A statistical test is not appropriate. 2. An `**' entry in the lower and upper bound columns indicates that no sample observations were available to compute a standard errora nd thus the lower and upper bounds. A statistical test is not appropriate. 3. An `-' entry in the estimate column indicates that no sample observations were available to compute an estimate. 4. An `-' following a median estimate means the median falls in the lowest interval of an open-ended distribution. 5. An `+' following a median estimate means the median falls in the upper interval of an open-ended distribution. 6. An `***' entry in the lower and upper bound columns indicates that the median falls in the lowest interval or upper interval of an open-ended distribution. A statistical test is not appropriate. 7. An `*****' entry in the lower and upper bound columns indicates that the estimate is controlled. A statistical test for sampling variability is not appropriate. 8. An `N' entry in the estimate, lower bound, and upper bound columns indicates that data for this geographic area cannot be displayed because the number of sample cases is too small. Figure C.1. (Continued).

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190 A Guidebook for Using American Community Survey Data for Transportation Planning DP: Social Characteristics: 2004 Data Set: 2004 American Community Survey Geographic Area: Hudson County, New Jersey NOTE. Data are limited to the household population and exclude the population living in institutions, college dormitories, and other group quarters. For information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, and definitions, see Survey Methodology. Selected Social Characteristics: 2004 Estimate Lower Bound Upper Bound SCHOOL ENROLLMENT Population 3 years and over enrolled in school 148,663 142,192 155,134 Nursery school, preschool 14,231 10,183 18,279 Kindergarten 5,637 2,962 8,312 Elementary school (grades 1-8) 65,300 61,462 69,138 High school grade (grades 9-12) 28,211 25,707 30,715 College or graduate school 35,284 29,539 41,029 EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT Population 25 years and over 405,772 402,500 409,044 Less than 9th grade 44,600 37,116 52,084 th th 9 to 12 grade, no diploma 43,044 36,321 49,767 High school graduate (including equivalency) 125,122 114,005 136,239 Some college, no degree 55,787 47,770 63,804 Associate degree 13,407 9,527 17,287 Bachelor's degree 89,399 79,051 99,747 Graduate or professional degree 34,413 27,666 41,160 Percent high school graduate or higher 78.4 76.0 80.8 Percent bachelor's degree or higher 30.5 27.4 33.6 MARITAL STATUS Males 15 years and over 232,660 231,154 234,166 Never married 87,915 81,326 94,504 Now married, except separated 107,904 99,549 116,259 Separated 5,855 3,436 8,274 Widowed 9,185 5,379 12,991 Figure C.2. Example of an ACS data profile, social characteristics.

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ACS Data Profiles 191 Selected Social Characteristics: 2004 Estimate Lower Bound Upper Bound Divorced 21,801 16,222 27,380 Females 15 years and over 245,146 243,582 246,710 Never married 83,349 75,419 91,279 Now married, except separated 106,252 98,603 113,901 Separated 4,903 2,363 7,443 Widowed 24,552 20,683 28,421 Divorced 26,090 20,935 31,245 FERTILITY Number of women 15 to 50 years old who had a 6,083 3,297 8,869 birth in the past 12 months Unmarried women (widowed, divorced, and never 1,679 466 2,892 married) Per 1,000 unmarried women 18 5 31 Per 1,000 women 15 to 50 years old 37 20 54 Per 1,000 women 15 to 19 years old 0 0 38 Per 1,000 women 20 to 34 years old 65 27 103 Per 1,000 women 35 to 50 years old 20 6 34 GRANDPARENTS Number of grandparents living with own 8,595 5,318 11,872 grandchildren under 18 years in households Responsible for grandchildren 3,958 1,742 6,174 Years responsible for grandchildren Less than 1 year 1,755 74 3,436 1 or 2 years 550 0 1,208 3 or 4 years 895 62 1,728 5 or more years 758 0 1,720 Characteristics of grandparents responsible for own grandchildren under 18 years Who are female 70.2 39.0 100.0 Who are married 55.1 23.6 86.6 Who are in labor force 56.9 31.7 82.1 Who are in poverty 32.7 0.0 67.8 Figure C.2. (Continued). (continued on next page)

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192 A Guidebook for Using American Community Survey Data for Transportation Planning Selected Social Characteristics: 2004 Estimate Lower Bound Upper Bound VETERAN STATUS Civilian population 18 years and over 456,334 456,331 456,337 Civilian veterans 18,687 14,900 22,474 DISABILITY STATUS of the civilian noninstitutionalized population Population 5 years and over 553,907 553,903 553,911 With a disability 63,712 55,093 72,331 Population 5 to 15 years 82,384 79,941 84,827 With a disability 2,633 1,090 4,176 Population 16 to 64 years 407,351 403,600 411,102 With a disability 40,232 33,171 47,293 Population 65 years and over 64,172 61,471 66,873 With a disability 20,847 17,199 24,495 RESIDENCE 1 YEAR AGO Population 1 year and over 590,133 586,738 593,528 Same house 516,605 501,974 531,236 Different house in the U.S. 70,205 55,914 84,496 Same county 46,424 33,146 59,702 Different county 23,781 16,718 30,844 Same state 12,749 6,759 18,739 Different state 11,032 7,177 14,887 Abroad 3,323 968 5,678 PLACE OF BIRTH Total population 596,790 ***** ***** Native 368,835 353,344 384,326 Born in United States 347,256 332,263 362,249 State of residence 259,359 246,088 272,630 Different state 87,897 77,063 98,731 Born in Puerto Rico, U.S. Island areas, or born 21,579 14,187 28,971 abroad to American parent(s) Foreign born 227,955 212,464 243,446 Figure C.2. (Continued).

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ACS Data Profiles 193 Selected Social Characteristics: 2004 Estimate Lower Bound Upper Bound U.S. CITIZENSHIP STATUS Foreign-born population 227,955 212,464 243,446 Naturalized U.S. citizen 113,499 101,703 125,295 Not a U.S. citizen 114,456 102,247 126,665 YEAR OF U.S. ENTRY Population born outside the United States 249,534 234,541 264,527 Native 21,579 14,187 28,971 Foreign Born 227,955 212,464 243,446 Native 21,579 14,187 28,971 Entered U.S. 2000 or later 833 0 1,725 Entered U.S. before 2000 20,746 13,543 27,949 Foreign Born 227,955 212,464 243,446 Entered U.S. 2000 or later 38,970 28,153 49,787 Entered U.S. before 2000 188,985 176,790 201,180 WORLD REGION OF BIRTH OF FOREIGN BORN Foreign-born population excluding population 227,955 212,464 243,446 born "At sea" Europe 25,464 17,926 33,002 Asia 41,213 35,104 47,322 Africa 10,027 5,123 14,931 Oceania 691 0 1,427 Latin America 147,974 133,601 162,347 Northern America 2,586 0 5,282 LANGUAGE SPOKEN AT HOME Population 5 years and over 553,907 ***** ***** English only 242,408 228,480 256,336 Language other than English 311,499 297,571 325,427 Speak English less than "very well" 159,281 144,585 173,977 Spanish 214,460 207,526 221,394 Speak English less than "very well" 115,277 105,845 124,709 Other Indo-European languages 58,476 45,448 71,504 Speak English less than "very well" 27,883 19,272 36,494 Figure C.2. (Continued). (continued on next page)

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194 A Guidebook for Using American Community Survey Data for Transportation Planning Selected Social Characteristics: 2004 Estimate Lower Bound Upper Bound Asian and Pacific Islander languages 28,329 22,151 34,507 Speak English less than "very well" 9,661 5,888 13,434 Other languages 10,234 4,488 15,980 Speak English less than "very well" 6,460 2,126 10,794 ANCESTRY (TOTAL REPORTED) Total Population 596,790 ***** ***** American 4,012 1,834 6,190 Arab 7,827 3,183 12,471 Czech 1,158 66 2,250 Danish 155 0 418 Dutch 2,555 475 4,635 English 10,431 7,278 13,584 French (except Basque) 4,842 2,060 7,624 French Canadian 210 0 587 German 28,369 23,134 33,604 Greek 3,067 1,170 4,964 Hungarian 3,170 1,333 5,007 Irish 44,941 38,238 51,644 Italian 69,983 59,002 80,964 Lithuanian 773 128 1,418 Norwegian 990 253 1,727 Polish 28,135 19,229 37,041 Portuguese 14,252 7,978 20,526 Russian 9,389 4,940 13,838 Scotch-Irish 4,156 2,064 6,248 Scottish 2,644 1,221 4,067 Slovak 1,600 547 2,653 Sub-Saharan African 4,509 0 9,073 Swedish 2,567 1,234 3,900 Swiss 1,034 0 2,315 Ukrainian 1,639 153 3,125 Welsh 730 22 1,438 West Indian (excluding Hispanic origin groups) 6,569 3,168 9,970 Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2004 American Community Survey. Figure C.2. (Continued).

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ACS Data Profiles 195 Data are based on a sample and are subject to sampling variability. The degree of uncertainty for an estimate arising from sampling variability is represented through the use of a confidence interval. The interval shown here is a 90 percent confidence interval.The stated range can be interpreted roughly as providing a 90 percent probability that the interval defined by the lower and upper bounds contains the true value. In addition to sampling variability, the ACS estimates are subject to nonsampling error (for a discussion of nonsampling variability, see http://www.census.gov/acs/www/Downloads/ACS/accuracy2004.pdf). The effect of nonsampling error is not represented in these tables. Notes: Ancestry listed in this table refers to the total number of people who responded with a particular ancestry; for example, the estimate given for Russian represents the number of people who listed Russian as either their first or second ancestry. This table lists only the largest ancestry groups; see the Detailed Tables for more categories. Race and Hispanic origin groups are not included in this table because official data for those groups come from the Race and Hispanic origin questions rather than the ancestry question (see Demographic Table). The Census Bureau introduced a new skip pattern for the disability questions in the 2003 ACS questionnaire. This change mainly affected two individual items go-outside-home disability and employment disability and the recode for disability status, which includes the two items. Accordingly, comparisons of data from 2003 or later with data from prior years are not recommended for the relevant questions. For more information, see the http:/www./census.goc/acs/www.UseData/Def.htm for Disability. Data for year of entry of the native population reflect the year of entry into the U.S. by people who were born in Puerto Rico, U.S. Island Areas or born outside the U.S. to a U.S. citizen parent and who subsequently moved to the United States. Explanation of Symbols: 1. An `*' entry in the lower and upper bound columns indicates that too few sample observations were available to compute a standard error and thus the lower and upper bounds. A statistical test is not appropriate. 2. An `**' entry in the lower and upper bound columns indicates that no sample observations were available to compute a standard error and thus the lower and upper bounds. A statistical test is not appropriate. 3. An `-' entry in the estimate column indicates that no sample observations were available to compute an estimate. 4. An `-' following a median estimate means the median falls in the lowest interval of an open-ended distribution. 5. An `+' following a median estimate means the median falls in the upper interval of an open-ended distribution. 6. An `***' entry in the lower and upper bound columns indicates that the median falls in the lowest interval or upper interval of an open-ended distribution. A statistical test is not appropriate. 7. An `*****' entry in the lower and upper bound columns indicates that the estimate is controlled. A statistical test for sampling variability is not appropriate. 8. An `N' entry in the estimate, lower bound, and upper bound columns indicates that data for this geographic area cannot be displayed because the number of sample cases is too small. Figure C.2. (Continued).

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196 A Guidebook for Using American Community Survey Data for Transportation Planning DP: Economic Characteristics: 2004 Data Set: 2004 American Community Survey Geographic Area: Hudson County, New Jersey NOTE. Data are limited to the household population and exclude the population living in institutions, college dormitories, and other group quarters. For information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, and definitions, see Survey Methodology. Selected Economic Characteristics: 2004 Estimate Lower Bound Upper Bound EMPLOYMENT STATUS Population 16 years and over 471,523 469,080 473,966 In labor force 312,313 303,085 321,541 Civilian labor force 312,313 303,085 321,541 Employed 291,831 282,051 301,611 Unemployed 20,482 15,861 25,103 Armed Forces 0 0 538 Not in labor force 159,210 149,940 168,480 Civilian labor force 312,313 303,085 321,541 Unemployed 6.6 5.1 8.1 Females 16 years and over 242,827 241,327 244,327 In labor force 139,040 131,422 146,658 Civilian labor force 139,040 131,422 146,658 Employed 131,001 123,311 138,691 Own children under 6 years 47,250 44,295 50,205 All parents in family in labor force 25,578 20,131 31,025 Own children 6 to 17 years 83,586 78,790 88,382 All parents in family in labor force 49,705 42,423 56,987 Population 16 to 19 years 28,386 24,516 32,256 Not enrolled in school and not a H.S. graduate 1,052 0 2,114 Unemployed or not in the labor force 511 0 1,157 Figure C.3. Example of an ACS data profile, economic characteristics.

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ACS Data Profiles 197 Selected Economic Characteristics: 2004 Estimate Lower Bound Upper Bound COMMUTING TO WORK Workers 16 years and over 286,893 276,867 296,919 Car, truck, or van drove alone 113,303 102,200 124,406 Car, truck, or van carpooled 20,660 15,130 26,190 Public transportation (excluding taxicab) 114,630 103,401 125,859 Walked 22,744 16,969 28,519 Other means 2,659 873 4,445 Worked at home 12,897 8,085 17,709 Mean travel time to work (minutes) 31.0 29.3 32.7 Employed civilian population 16 years and over 291,831 282,051 301,611 OCCUPATION Management, professional, and related 97,131 86,127 108,135 occupations Service occupations 48,007 40,465 55,549 Sales and office occupations 75,847 66,711 84,983 Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations 246 0 634 Construction, extraction, maintenance and repair 27,656 21,372 33,940 occupations Production, transportation, and material moving 42,944 34,813 51,075 occupations INDUSTRY Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and 0 0 538 mining Construction 21,471 15,497 27,445 Manufacturing 21,092 15,955 26,229 Wholesale trade 10,152 6,183 14,121 Retail trade 27,353 20,106 34,600 Transportation and warehousing, and utilities 23,350 18,149 28,551 Information 12,605 8,844 16,366 Finance and insurance, and real estate and rental 35,880 28,274 43,486 and leasing Professional, scientific, and management, and 36,708 30,299 43,117 administrative and waste management services Educational services, and health care, and social 61,914 51,679 72,149 assistance Figure C.3. (Continued). (continued on next page)

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198 A Guidebook for Using American Community Survey Data for Transportation Planning Selected Economic Characteristics: 2004 Estimate Lower Bound Upper Bound Arts, entertainment, and recreation, and 19,016 13,499 24,533 accommodation, and food services Other services, except public administration 12,108 8,512 15,704 Public administration 10,182 6,724 13,640 CLASS OF WORKER Private wage and salary workers 236,769 226,524 247,014 Government workers 38,872 32,704 45,040 Self-employed workers in own not incorporated 16,190 12,176 20,204 business Unpaid family workers 0 0 538 INCOME AND BENEFITS (IN 2004 INFLATION-ADJUSTED DOLLARS) Total households 223,946 219,175 228,717 Less than $10,000 18,273 13,953 22,593 $10,000 to $14,999 16,344 11,508 21,180 $15,000 to $24,999 23,318 18,689 27,947 $25,000 to $34,999 22,337 18,100 26,574 $35,000 to $49,999 35,741 30,144 41,338 $50,000 to $74,999 42,760 35,549 49,971 $75,000 to $99,999 27,032 22,185 31,879 $100,000 to $149,999 24,310 19,374 29,246 $150,000 to $199,999 8,809 6,196 11,422 $200,000 or more 5,022 3,147 6,897 Median household income (dollars) 48,142 44,575 51,709 Mean household income (dollars) 61,153 57,641 64,665 With earnings 185,107 179,237 190,977 Mean earnings (dollars) 64,963 61,321 68,605 With Social Security 47,418 42,598 52,238 Mean Social Security income (dollars) 11,693 10,768 12,618 With retirement income 23,628 19,470 27,786 Mean retirement income (dollars) 13,235 10,577 15,893 With Supplemental Security Income 12,014 8,181 15,847 Mean Supplemental Security Income (dollars) 7,009 6,170 7,848 With cash public assistance income 5,304 3,197 7,411 Figure C.3. (Continued).

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ACS Data Profiles 199 Selected Economic Characteristics: 2004 Estimate Lower Bound Upper Bound Mean cash public assistance income (dollars) 4,585 2,815 6,355 With Food Stamp benefits in the past 12 months 9,135 5,914 12,356 Families 133,121 125,383 140,859 Less than $10,000 4,528 2,024 7,032 $10,000 to $14,999 6,507 3,425 9,589 $15,000 to $24,999 13,082 9,450 16,714 $25,000 to $34,999 16,416 12,450 20,382 $35,000 to $49,999 20,010 15,290 24,730 $50,000 to $74,999 26,025 20,487 31,563 $75,000 to $99,999 19,722 15,541 23,903 $100,000 to $149,999 17,083 13,286 20,880 $150,000 to $199,999 6,520 4,041 8,999 $200,000 or more 3,228 1,547 4,909 Median family income (dollars) 52,958 47,240 58,676 Mean family income (dollars) 68,186 63,545 72,827 Per capita income (dollars) 24,275 23,033 25,517 Nonfamily households 90,825 83,474 98,176 Median nonfamily income (dollars) 38,550 32,221 44,879 Mean nonfamily income (dollars) 48,700 43,722 53,678 Median earnings: 31,622 30,371 32,873 Male full-time, year-round workers (dollars) 41,380 39,753 43,007 Female full-time, year-round workers (dollars) 35,692 33,105 38,279 PERCENTAGE OF FAMILIES AND PEOPLE WHOSE INCOME IN THE PAST 12 MONTHS IS BELOW THE POVERTY LEVEL All families 10.3 7.3 13.3 With related children under 18 years 13.9 9.1 18.7 With related children under 5 years only 12.7 0.9 24.5 Married couple families 7.7 4.7 10.7 With related children under 18 years 8.6 3.8 13.4 With related children under 5 years only 9.1 0.0 21.4 Families with female householder, no husband 19.0 10.4 27.6 present With related children under 18 years 26.0 13.8 38.2 With related children under 5 years only 20.6 0.0 49.2 Figure C.3. (Continued). (continued on next page)

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200 A Guidebook for Using American Community Survey Data for Transportation Planning Selected Economic Characteristics: 2004 Estimate Lower Bound Upper Bound All people 14.6 11.6 17.6 Under 18 years 20.7 14.2 27.2 Related children under 18 years 20.4 13.8 27.0 Related children under 5 years 27.8 16.3 39.3 Related children 5 to 17 years 17.0 10.5 23.5 18 years and over 12.7 10.2 15.2 18 to 64 years 12.0 9.3 14.7 65 years and over 17.3 12.4 22.2 People in families 13.2 9.5 16.9 Unrelated individuals 15 years and over 21.3 17.7 24.9 Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2004 American Community Survey. Data are based on a sample and are subject to sampling variability. The degree of uncertainty for an estimate arising from sampling variability is represented through the use of a confidence interval. The interval shown here is a 90 percent confidence interval.The stated range can be interpreted roughly as providing a 90 percent probability that the interval defined by the lower and upper bounds contains the true value. In addition to sampling variability, the ACS estimates are subject to nonsampling error (for a discussion of nonsampling variability, see http://www.census.gov/acs/www/Downloads/ACS/accuracy2004.pdf). The effect of nonsampling error is not represented in these tables. Notes: The number of householders does not necessarily equal the number of households because of differences in the weighting schemes for the population and occupied housing units. Employment and unemployment estimates may vary from the official labor force data released by the Bureau of Labor Statistics because of differences in survey design and data collection. For guidance on differences in employment and unemployment estimates from different sources go tohttp://www.census.gov/hhes/www/aborfprlaborguideance0825004.html Workers include members of the Armed Forces and civilians who were at work last week. Occupation codes are four-digit codes, but are still based on Standard Occupational Classification 2000. Industry codes are four-digit codes and are based on the North American Industry Classification System 2002. However, the Industry categories adhere to the guidelines issued in Clarification Memorandum No. 2, "NAICS Alternate Aggregation Structure for Use By U.S. Statistical Agencies," issued by the Office of Management and Budget. Explanation of Symbols: 1. An `*' entry in the lower and upper bound columns indicates that too few sample observations were available to compute a standard error and thus the lower and upper bounds. A statistical test is not appropriate. 2. An `**' entry in the lower and upper bound columns indicates that no sample observations were available to compute a standard error and thus the lower and upper bounds. A statistical test is not appropriate. 3. An `-' entry in the estimate column indicates that no sample observations were available to compute an estimate. 4. An `-' following a median estimate means the median falls in the lowest interval of an open-ended distribution. 5. An `+' following a median estimate means the median falls in the upper interval of an open-ended distribution. 6. An `***' entry in the lower and upper bound columns indicates that the median falls in the lowest interval or upper interval of an open-ended distribution. A statistical test is not appropriate. 7. An `*****' entry in the lower and upper bound columns indicates that the estimate is controlled. A statistical test for sampling variability is not appropriate. 8. An `N' entry in the estimate, lower bound, and upper bound columns indicates that data for this geographic area cannot be displayed because the number of sample cases is too small. Figure C.3. (Continued).

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ACS Data Profiles 201 DP: Housing Characteristics: 2004 Data Set: 2004 American Community Survey Geographic Area: Hudson County, New Jersey NOTE. Data are limited to the household population and exclude the population living in institutions, college dormitories, and other group quarters. For information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, and definitions, see Survey Methodology. Selected Housing Characteristics: 2004 Estimate Lower Bound Upper Bound HOUSING OCCUPANCY Total housing units 244,332 ***** ***** Occupied housing units 223,946 219,175 228,717 Vacant housing units 20,386 15,615 25,157 Homeowner vacancy rate 1.2 0.0 2.4 Rental vacancy rate 5.5 3.3 7.7 UNITS IN STRUCTURE 1-unit, detached 26,287 21,929 30,645 1-unit, attached 14,267 9,686 18,848 2 units 57,125 50,237 64,013 3 or 4 units 35,637 29,278 41,996 5 to 9 units 25,518 20,064 30,972 10 to 19 units 23,505 18,853 28,157 20 or more units 61,837 54,399 69,275 Mobile home 156 0 420 Boat, RV, van, etc. 0 0 538 YEAR STRUCTURE BUILT 2000 or later 12,888 9,236 16,540 1995 to 1999 7,919 5,143 10,695 1990 to 1994 5,158 3,018 7,298 1980 to 1989 11,361 8,124 14,598 1970 to 1979 17,308 13,182 21,434 Figure C.4. Example of an ACS Data Profile, housing characteristics. (continued on next page)

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202 A Guidebook for Using American Community Survey Data for Transportation Planning Selected Housing Characteristics: 2004 Estimate Lower Bound Upper Bound 1960 to 1969 19,844 15,765 23,923 1950 to 1959 19,676 15,559 23,793 1940 to 1949 23,341 18,827 27,855 1939 or earlier 126,837 119,362 134,312 ROOMS 1 room 6,920 4,102 9,738 2 rooms 20,463 15,481 25,445 3 rooms 53,342 46,305 60,379 4 rooms 60,870 52,728 69,012 5 rooms 49,009 42,118 55,900 6 rooms 26,782 21,049 32,515 7 rooms 9,762 6,876 12,648 8 rooms 5,122 3,237 7,007 9 rooms or more 12,062 9,147 14,977 Median (rooms) 4.2 4.0 4.4 BEDROOMS No bedroom 8,620 5,270 11,970 1 bedroom 66,603 59,584 73,622 2 bedrooms 91,992 83,335 100,649 3 bedrooms 56,007 48,733 63,281 4 bedrooms 11,934 8,565 15,303 5 bedrooms or more 9,176 6,293 12,059 Occupied housing units 223,946 219,175 228,717 HOUSING TENURE Owner-occupied 78,820 71,565 86,075 Renter-occupied 145,126 137,301 152,951 Average household size of owner-occupied unit 3.08 2.91 3.25 Average household size of renter-occupied unit 2.44 2.32 2.56 Figure C.4. (Continued).

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ACS Data Profiles 203 Selected Housing Characteristics: 2004 Estimate Lower Bound Upper Bound YEAR HOUSEHOLDER MOVED INTO UNIT 2000 or later 107,072 99,089 115,055 1995 to 1999 38,042 32,431 43,653 1990 to 1994 23,599 19,366 27,832 1980 to 1989 25,008 20,702 29,314 1970 to 1979 15,767 12,415 19,119 1969 or earlier 14,458 11,122 17,794 VEHICLES AVAILABLE No vehicles available 71,893 64,025 79,761 1 vehicle available 95,555 87,906 103,204 2 vehicles available 43,147 36,798 49,496 3 or more vehicles available 13,351 9,753 16,949 HOUSE HEATING FUEL Utility gas 160,554 154,070 167,038 Bottled, tank, or LP gas 2,438 1,228 3,648 Electricity 28,375 24,066 32,684 Fuel oil, kerosene, etc. 30,451 25,601 35,301 Coal or coke 0 0 538 Wood 0 0 538 Solar energy 0 0 538 Other fuel 753 137 1,369 No fuel used 1,375 240 2,510 SELECTED CHARACTERISTICS Lacking complete plumbing facilities 183 0 498 Lacking complete kitchen facilities 890 163 1,617 No telephone service available 14,539 10,495 18,583 Figure C.4. (Continued). (continued on next page)

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204 A Guidebook for Using American Community Survey Data for Transportation Planning Selected Housing Characteristics: 2004 Estimate Lower Bound Upper Bound OCCUPANTS PER ROOM 1.00 or less 211,731 205,668 217,794 1.01 to 1.50 8,352 5,093 11,611 1.51 or more 3,863 1,850 5,876 Owner-occupied units 78,820 71,565 86,075 VALUE Less than $50,000 885 118 1,652 $50,000 to $99,999 2,729 1,312 4,146 $100,000 to $149,999 5,217 3,018 7,416 $150,000 to $199,999 8,428 5,714 11,142 $200,000 to $299,999 20,333 16,167 24,499 $300,000 to $499,999 35,270 29,630 40,910 $500,000 to $999,999 5,641 3,182 8,100 $1,000,000 or more 317 0 684 Median (dollars) 307,045 290,180 323,910 MORTGAGE STATUS AND SELECTED MONTHLY OWNER COSTS Housing units with a mortgage 56,206 49,607 62,805 Less than $300 0 0 538 $300 to $499 223 0 588 $500 to $699 551 0 1,104 $700 to $999 3,206 1,858 4,554 $1,000 to $1,499 10,237 7,705 12,769 $1,500 to $1,999 13,015 9,823 16,207 $2,000 or more 28,974 23,853 34,095 Median (dollars) 2,030 1,913 2,147 Figure C.4. (Continued).

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ACS Data Profiles 205 Selected Housing Characteristics: 2004 Estimate Lower Bound Upper Bound Housing units without a mortgage 22,614 18,381 26,847 Less than $100 164 0 441 $100 to $199 0 0 538 $200 to $299 299 0 666 $300 to $399 274 0 624 $400 or more 21,877 17,588 26,166 Median (dollars) 809 729 889 SELECTED MONTHLY OWNER COSTS AS A PERCENTAGE OF HOUSEHOLD INCOME Housing unit with a mortgage 56,206 49,607 62,805 Less than 20.0 percent 14,109 10,596 17,622 20.0 to 24.9 percent 6,854 4,288 9,420 25.0 to 29.9 percent 4,635 2,956 6,314 30.0 to 34.9 percent 4,414 1,993 6,835 35.0 percent or more 25,088 19,597 30,579 Not computed 1,106 0 2,358 Housing unit without a mortgage 22,614 18,381 26,847 Less than 10.0 percent 4,545 2,464 6,626 10.0 to 14.9 percent 4,718 2,840 6,596 15.0 to 19.9 percent 2,382 1,101 3,663 20.0 to 24.9 percent 2,471 1,139 3,803 25.0 to 29.9 percent 1,295 229 2,361 30.0 to 34.9 percent 771 103 1,439 35.0 percent or more 6,432 3,877 8,987 Not computed 0 0 538 Renter-occupied units 145,126 137,301 152,951 Figure C.4. (Continued). (continued on next page)

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206 A Guidebook for Using American Community Survey Data for Transportation Planning Selected Housing Characteristics: 2004 Estimate Lower Bound Upper Bound GROSS RENT Less than $200 5,692 3,515 7,869 $200 to $299 3,145 1,358 4,932 $300 to $499 13,032 9,235 16,829 $500 to $749 32,030 27,235 36,825 $750 to $999 43,863 37,459 50,267 $1,000 to $1,499 25,082 20,977 29,187 $1,500 or more 18,678 14,429 22,927 No cash rent 3,604 1,438 5,770 Median (dollars) 852 820 884 GROSS RENT AS A PERCENTAGE OF HOUSEHOLD INCOME Less than 15.0 percent 20,550 16,434 24,666 15.0 to 19.9 percent 24,047 19,354 28,740 20.0 to 24.9 percent 21,867 16,815 26,919 25.0 to 29.9 percent 13,620 10,059 17,181 30.0 to 34.9 percent 9,460 5,932 12,988 35.0 percent or more 48,948 41,410 56,486 Not computed 6,634 3,740 9,528 Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2004 American Community Survey. Data are based on a sample and are subject to sampling variability. The degree of uncertainty for an estimate arising from sampling variability is represented through the use of a confidence interval. The interval shown here is a 90 percent confidence interval. The stated range can be interpreted roughly as providing a 90 percent probability that the interval defined by the lower and upper bounds contains the true value. In addition to sampling variability, the ACS estimates are subject to nonsampling error (for a discussion of nonsampling variability, see http://www.census.gov/acs/www/Downloads/ACS/accuracy2004.pdf). The effect of nonsampling error is not represented in these tables. Notes: The median gross rent excludes no cash renters. Explanation of Symbols: 1. An `*' entry in the lower and upper bound columns indicates that too fewsample observations were available to compute a standard error and thus the lower and upper bounds. A statistical test is not appropriate. 2. An `**' entry in the lower and upper bound columns indicates that no sample observations were available to compute a standard error and thus the lower and upper bounds. A statistical test is not appropriate. 3. An `-' entry in the estimate column indicates that no sample observations were available to compute an estimate. 4. An `-' following a median estimate means the median fallsin the lowest interval of an open-ended distribution. 5. An `+' following a median estimate means the median falls in the upper intervalof an open-ended distribution. 6. An `***' entry in the lower and upper bound columns indicates that the median falls in the lowest interval or upper interval of an open-ended distribution. A statistical test is not appropriate. 7. An `*****' entry in the lower and upper bound columns indicates that the estimate is controlled. A statistical test for sampling variability is not appropriate. 8. An `N' entry in the estimate, lower bound, and upper bound columns indicates that data for this geographic area cannot be displayed because the number of sample cases is too small. Figure C.4. (Continued).