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APPENDIX H ACS Selected Population Profiles 246

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ACS Selected Population Profiles 247 American Indian and Alaska Subject Total Population MOE Native Alone MOE Total population 5,633,997 ***** 270,662 +/-23,339 SEX AND AGE Male 49.6% +/-0.1 44.5% +/-1.8 Female 50.4% +/-0.1 55.5% +/-1.8 Under 5 years 8.0% +/-0.1 10.8% +/-2.2 5 to 17 years 19.3% +/-0.1 27.4% +/-1.7 18 to 24 years 9.7% +/-0.1 14.6% +/-1.7 25 to 34 years 14.1% +/-0.1 10.7% +/-2.0 35 to 44 years 14.0% +/-0.1 12.7% +/-2.1 45 to 54 years 12.7% +/-0.1 12.0% +/-1.4 55 to 64 years 9.6% +/-0.1 6.7% +/-1.3 65 to 74 years 7.0% +/-0.1 4.3% +/-0.8 75 years and over 5.6% +/-0.1 0.8% +/-0.3 Median age (years) 34.1 +/-0.2 22.8 +/-1.2 18 years and over 72.6% +/-0.1 61.8% +/-1.1 21 years and over 68.6% +/-0.2 53.6% +/-1.8 62 years and over 15.2% +/-0.2 6.3% +/-1.3 65 years and over 12.6% +/-0.1 5.1% +/-1.1 18 years and over 4,092,291 +/-2,181 167,331 +/-14,171 Male 49.1% +/-0.2 44.4% +/-1.6 Female 50.9% +/-0.2 55.6% +/-1.6 65 years and over 709,031 +/-4,011 13,918 +/-3,700 Male 45.1% +/-0.2 59.4% +/-10.9 Female 54.9% +/-0.2 40.6% +/-10.9 RELATIONSHIP Householder or spouse 58.3% +/-0.4 40.9% +/-1.8 Child 29.9% +/-0.4 36.2% +/-4.2 Other relatives 6.4% +/-0.5 17.5% +/-2.5 Nonrelatives 5.4% +/-0.4 5.3% +/-1.3 Unmarried partner 2.5% +/-0.2 2.4% +/-0.7 HOUSEHOLDS BY TYPE Households 2,131,534 +/-32,767 77,767 +/-5,789 Family households 67.3% +/-1.0 74.4% +/-4.4 With own children under 18 years 31.8% +/-0.9 38.8% +/-6.7 Married-couple families 51.1% +/-1.1 36.9% +/-7.7 With own children under 18 years 21.9% +/-1.0 17.0% +/-5.6 Female householder, no husband present 12.1% +/-0.8 29.6% +/-6.3 With own children under 18 years 7.6% +/-0.9 17.7% +/-8.0 Nonfamily households 32.7% +/-1.0 25.6% +/-4.4 Figure H.1. Example of an ACS Selected Population Profile. (continued on next page)

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248 A Guidebook for Using American Community Survey Data for Transportation Planning American Indian and Alaska Subject Total Population MOE Native Alone MOE Male householder 16.4% +/-0.9 14.1% +/-6.0 Living alone 12.8% +/-1.0 12.4% +/-6.0 Not living alone 3.5% +/-0.4 1.7% +/-1.7 Female householder 16.3% +/-0.6 11.6% +/-5.5 Living alone 13.5% +/-0.6 7.7% +/-4.1 Not living alone 2.8% +/-0.3 3.9% +/-2.4 Average household size 2.64 +/-0.04 3.49 +/-0.29 Average family size 3.22 +/-0.05 4.07 +/-0.24 MARITAL STATUS Population 15 years and over 4,331,652 +/-7,093 185,082 +/-14,671 Now married, except separated 54.4% +/-0.8 39.6% +/-3.5 Widowed 5.4% +/-0.3 3.6% +/-0.8 Divorced 11.3% +/-0.4 7.6% +/-1.0 Separated 1.9% +/-0.2 2.4% +/-1.2 Never married 27.0% +/-0.5 46.7% +/-3.2 SCHOOL ENROLLMENT Population 3 years and over enrolled in school 1,535,188 +/-37,120 101,227 +/-16,153 Nursery school, preschool 5.2% +/-0.6 10.4% +/-6.4 Kindergarten 5.4% +/-0.6 4.1% +/-1.9 Elementary school (grades 1-8) 44.0% +/-1.0 42.8% +/-4.2 High school (grades 9-12) 20.8% +/-0.6 25.7% +/-6.4 College or graduate school 24.7% +/-0.9 17.0% +/-4.1 EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT Population 25 years and over 3,548,365 +/-3,883 127,812 +/-12,175 Less than high school diploma 16.3% +/-0.8 29.4% +/-4.9 High school graduate (includes equivalency) 26.7% +/-1.0 31.1% +/-5.6 Some college or associate's degree 32.3% +/-0.7 33.5% +/-3.6 Bachelor's degree 15.5% +/-0.7 2.4% +/-1.0 Graduate or professional degree 9.2% +/-0.7 3.7% +/-0.9 High school graduate or higher 83.7% +/-0.8 70.6% +/-4.9 Male, high school graduate or higher 83.0% +/-0.9 64.4% +/-6.0 Female, high school graduate or higher 84.4% +/-0.8 75.7% +/-11.8 Bachelor's degree or higher 24.7% +/-1.1 6.0% +/-1.3 Male, bachelor's degree or higher 26.6% +/-1.3 3.8% +/-1.9 Female, bachelor's degree or higher 22.9% +/-1.2 7.9% +/-1.9 FERTILITY Women 15 to 50 years 1,391,938 +/-14,192 79,031 +/-7,842 Women 15 to 50 years who had a birth in the past 12 months 90,214 +/-7,757 3,111 +/-868 Unmarried women 15 to 50 years who had a birth in the past 12 months 23,732 +/-5,773 2,037 +/-686 As a percent of all women with a birth in the past 12 months 26.3% +/-6.4 65.5% +/-24.1 RESPONSIBILITY FOR GRANDCHILDREN UNDER 18 YEARS Population 30 years and over 3,152,337 +/-4,107 114,986 +/-12,624 Living with grandchild(ren) in the household 3.9% +/-0.3 13.3% +/-3.2 Responsible for grandchild(ren) 47.6% +/-4.5 45.4% +/-6.3 VETERAN STATUS Civilian population 18 years and over 4,083,706 +/-3,375 167,331 +/-14,171 Civilian veteran 13.4% +/-0.4 9.4% +/-3.1 DISABILITY STATUS Civilian population 5 years and over 5,173,508 +/-4,279 241,375 +/-21,659 With any disability 14.0% +/-0.5 19.0% +/-2.9 Civilian population 5 to 15 years 932,976 +/-12,506 61,931 +/-12,028 Figure H.1. (Continued).

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American Indian and Alaska Subject Total Population MOE Native Alone MOE With any disability 6.2% +/-0.9 10.4% +/-4.2 Civilian population 16 to 64 years 3,531,501 +/-12,578 165,526 +/-11,962 With any disability 11.3% +/-0.7 19.1% +/-4.3 No disability 88.7% +/-0.7 80.9% +/-4.3 Civilian population 65 years and over 709,031 +/-4,011 13,918 +/-3,700 With any disability 37.4% +/-1.9 55.0% +/-23.7 RESIDENCE 1 YEAR AGO Population 1 year and over 5,542,711 +/-7,589 263,048 +/-22,605 Same house 78.8% +/-1.0 81.2% +/-5.9 Different house in the U.S. 20.2% +/-1.0 17.6% +/-5.7 Same county 14.1% +/-0.8 13.9% +/-2.9 Different county 6.1% +/-0.7 3.7% +/-3.4 Same state 1.5% +/-0.7 N N Different state 4.6% +/-0.7 N N Abroad 0.9% +/-0.2 1.2% +/-1.4 PLACE OF BIRTH, CITIZENSHIP STATUS AND YEAR OF ENTRY Total population 5,633,997 ***** 270,662 +/-23,339 Native 4,823,670 +/-52,769 266,244 +/-22,884 Foreign born 810,327 +/-52,769 4,418 +/-3,121 Entered U.S. 2000 or later 24.9% +/-3.1 53.0% +/-33.8 Entered U.S. 1990 to 1999 34.8% +/-3.1 24.3% +/-22.2 Entered U.S. before 1990 40.3% +/-3.1 22.7% +/-18.5 Naturalized U.S. citizen 27.9% +/-2.0 18.4% +/-23.0 Not a U.S. citizen 72.1% +/-2.0 81.6% +/-23.0 WORLD REGION OF BIRTH OF FOREIGN BORN Foreign-born population excluding population born at sea 810,327 +/-52,769 4,418 +/-3,121 Europe 9.6% +/-1.3 N N Asia 12.0% +/-1.2 N N Africa 2.3% +/-0.9 N N Oceania 0.4% +/-0.3 N N Latin America 71.3% +/-1.9 N N Northern America 4.4% +/-1.1 N N LANGUAGE SPOKEN AT HOME AND ABILITY TO SPEAK ENGLISH Population 5 years and over 5,182,093 +/-5,624 241,375 +/-21,659 English only 74.6% +/-1.0 52.2% +/-5.0 Language other than English 25.4% +/-1.0 47.8% +/-5.0 Speak English less than "very well" 10.5% +/-0.8 8.7% +/-2.0 EMPLOYMENT STATUS Population 16 years and over 4,249,117 +/-8,582 179,444 +/-14,160 In labor force 63.2% +/-0.6 60.7% +/-2.2 Civilian labor force 63.0% +/-0.6 60.7% +/-2.2 Employed 58.8% +/-0.7 49.2% +/-3.0 Unemployed as a percent of civilian labor force 6.7% +/-0.5 18.9% +/-4.1 Armed Forces 0.2% +/-0.1 0.0% +/-0.3 Not in labor force 36.8% +/-0.6 39.3% +/-2.2 Females 16 years and over 2,161,167 +/-11,984 98,448 +/-8,017 In labor force 55.2% +/-0.9 60.8% +/-7.3 Civilian labor force 55.2% +/-0.9 60.8% +/-7.3 Employed 51.2% +/-1.0 49.1% +/-4.5 Unemployed as a percent of civilian labor force 7.3% +/-0.7 19.3% +/-6.6 COMMUTING TO WORK Workers 16 years and over 2,427,059 +/-29,693 85,232 +/-9,022 Car, truck, or van drove alone 76.0% +/-1.1 65.7% +/-3.6 Figure H.1. (Continued). (continued on next page)

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250 A Guidebook for Using American Community Survey Data for Transportation Planning American Indian and Alaska Subject Total Population MOE Native Alone MOE Car, truck, or van carpooled 14.4% +/-0.9 23.5% +/-4.1 Public transportation (excluding taxicab) 1.8% +/-0.3 2.9% +/-2.2 Walked 2.0% +/-0.3 5.6% +/-2.0 Other means 2.2% +/-0.3 1.5% +/-1.4 Worked at home 3.6% +/-0.4 0.8% +/-0.5 Mean travel time to work (minutes) 23.4 +/-0.8 24.6 +/-2.2 Employed civilian population 16 years and over 2,497,460 +/-31,724 88,349 +/-9,678 OCCUPATION Management, professional, and related occupations 32.2% +/-1.4 23.6% +/-5.6 Service occupations 17.4% +/-0.6 31.0% +/-7.8 Sales and office occupations 28.1% +/-1.5 23.5% +/-3.3 Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations 0.5% +/-0.2 0.2% +/-1.0 Construction, extraction, and maintenance occupations 11.2% +/-0.8 12.4% +/-3.8 Production, transportation, and material moving occupations 10.6% +/-0.6 9.3% +/-3.7 INDUSTRY Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and mining 1.0% +/-0.2 1.4% +/-0.2 Construction 10.0% +/-0.8 9.7% +/-4.2 Manufacturing 8.6% +/-0.6 4.7% +/-2.7 Wholesale trade 3.6% +/-0.4 0.6% +/-0.6 Retail trade 12.2% +/-0.7 10.7% +/-2.6 Transportation and warehousing, and utilities 5.8% +/-0.5 3.1% +/-2.3 Information 1.9% +/-0.3 2.6% +/-2.8 Finance, insurance, real estate and rental and leasing 8.2% +/-0.6 1.1% +/-0.7 Professional, scientific, management, administrative and waste management 10.0% +/-0.6 4.3% +/-2.3 services Educational services, health care and social assistance 18.8% +/-1.5 32.0% +/-4.7 Arts, entertainment, recreation, accommodation and food services 9.8% +/-0.6 13.2% +/-4.1 Other services (except public administration) 4.7% +/-0.4 3.1% +/-2.0 Public administration 5.4% +/-0.4 13.4% +/-2.1 CLASS OF WORKER Private wage and salary workers 78.1% +/-1.5 53.5% +/-4.2 Government workers 15.2% +/-1.7 44.8% +/-4.4 Self-employed workers in own not incorporated business 6.5% +/-0.5 1.4% +/-0.7 Unpaid family workers 0.2% +/-0.1 0.4% +/-0.4 INCOME IN THE PAST 12 MONTHS (IN 2004 INFLATION-ADJUSTED DOLLARS) Households 2,131,534 +/-32,767 77,767 +/-5,789 Median household income (dollars) 41,995 +/-747 26,224 +/-2,609 With earnings 79.0% +/-0.7 85.0% +/-3.6 Mean earnings (dollars) 57,283 +/-1,123 35,238 +/-5,200 With Social Security income 27.7% +/-0.6 14.8% +/-4.5 Mean Social Security income (dollars) 13,689 +/-257 9,241 +/-927 With Supplemental Security Income 3.0% +/-0.6 8.0% +/-3.4 Mean Supplemental Security Income (dollars) 7,472 +/-399 6,952 +/-2,350 With cash public assistance income 2.5% +/-0.3 11.2% +/-3.0 Mean cash public assistance income (dollars) 2,484 +/-279 2,632 +/-559 With retirement income 18.5% +/-0.6 11.2% +/-6.7 Mean retirement income (dollars) 18,892 +/-708 9,855 +/-1,774 With Food Stamp benefits 7.8% +/-0.7 28.1% +/-10.0 Families 1,434,980 +/-21,518 57,840 +/-5,195 Median family income (dollars) 48,995 +/-1,036 28,176 +/-3,898 Individuals 5,633,997 ***** 270,662 +/-23,339 Per capita income (dollars) 22,105 +/-385 10,218 +/-570 Figure H.1. (Continued).

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ACS Selected Population Profiles 251 American Indian and Alaska Subject Total Population MOE Native Alone MOE With earnings for full-time, year-round workers: Male 1,037,494 +/-18,914 23,736 +/-4,118 Female 653,472 +/-22,348 33,507 +/-5,118 Mean earnings (dollars) for full-time, year-round workers: Male 50,679 +/-1,579 34,956 +/-3,562 Female 36,596 +/-984 28,618 +/-2,695 Median earnings (dollars) full-time, year-round workers: Male 37,516 +/-1,552 26,892 +/-3,482 Female 30,196 +/-552 25,851 +/-1,380 POVERTY RATES FOR FAMILIES AND PEOPLE FOR WHOM POVERTY STATUS IS DETERMINED All families 10.9% +/-1.6 30.6% +/-14.8 With related children under 18 years 16.8% +/-2.5 36.8% +/-13.8 With related children under 5 years only 21.5% +/-4.7 57.1% +/-15.1 Married couple families 6.7% +/-0.9 19.4% +/-12.8 With related children under 18 years 10.5% +/-1.6 21.5% +/-13.1 With related children under 5 years only 10.5% +/-2.6 20.8% +/-15.1 Families with female householder, no husband present 26.8% +/-4.8 41.6% +/-14.2 With related children under 18 years 32.9% +/-5.5 51.2% +/-10.6 With related children under 5 years only 52.9% +/-10.2 79.2% +/-10.4 All people 14.2% +/-1.1 34.8% +/-4.1 Under 18 years 20.3% +/-2.0 42.6% +/-5.4 Related children under 18 years 19.6% +/-1.9 40.3% +/-5.2 Related children under 5 years 24.0% +/-3.2 45.6% +/-9.9 Related children 5 to 17 years 17.7% +/-1.9 38.2% +/-5.8 18 years and over 12.0% +/-0.8 30.0% +/-3.9 18 to 64 years 12.9% +/-0.8 30.3% +/-3.7 65 years and over 7.5% +/-1.3 27.3% +/-13.7 People in families 13.3% +/-1.3 33.7% +/-5.5 Unrelated individuals 15 years and over 22.2% +/-1.2 53.2% +/-14.5 Occupied housing units 2,131,534 +/-32,767 77,767 +/-5,789 HOUSING TENURE Owner-occupied housing units 68.7% +/-1.0 42.4% +/-3.4 Renter-occupied housing units 31.3% +/-1.0 57.6% +/-3.4 Average household size of owner-occupied unit 2.69 +/-0.05 4.17 +/-0.25 Average household size of renter-occupied unit 2.53 +/-0.07 2.99 +/-0.49 UNITS IN STRUCTURE 1-unit, detached or attached 66.9% +/-1.8 60.7% +/-12.7 2 to 4 units 4.7% +/-0.8 7.9% +/-8.7 5 or more units 16.4% +/-0.6 17.0% +/-5.2 Mobile home, boat, RV, van, etc. 11.9% +/-1.2 14.4% +/-7.1 YEAR STRUCTURE BUILT 2000 or later 12.9% +/-0.9 4.5% +/-2.4 1990 to 1999 26.0% +/-1.1 31.4% +/-8.1 1980 to 1989 21.0% +/-1.1 17.9% +/-4.4 1960 to 1979 29.1% +/-1.3 32.3% +/-5.5 1940 to 1959 9.4% +/-0.8 11.7% +/-7.1 1939 or earlier 1.6% +/-0.4 2.2% +/-0.7 VEHICLES AVAILABLE None 6.3% +/-0.4 15.5% +/-2.8 1 or more 93.7% +/-0.4 84.5% +/-2.8 Figure H.1. (Continued). (continued on next page)

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252 A Guidebook for Using American Community Survey Data for Transportation Planning American Indian and Alaska Subject Total Population MOE Native Alone MOE HOUSE HEATING FUEL Gas 39.9% +/-2.6 32.6% +/-13.2 Electricity 57.5% +/-3.1 44.4% +/-10.8 All other fuels 2.2% +/-0.7 22.3% +/-4.0 No fuel used 0.5% +/-0.1 0.7% +/-0.7 SELECTED CHARACTERISTICS No telephone service available 4.8% +/-0.5 20.0% +/-5.9 1.01 or more occupants per room 4.4% +/-0.5 13.4% +/-2.1 Owner-occupied housing units 1,463,860 +/-22,489 32,968 +/-3,832 SELECTED MONTHLY OWNER COSTS AS A PERCENTAGE OF HOUSEHOLD INCOME IN THE PAST 12 MONTHS Less than 30 percent 73.1% +/-1.8 76.2% +/-16.0 30 percent or more 26.9% +/-1.8 23.8% +/-16.0 OWNER CHARACTERISTICS Median value (dollars) 145,741 +/-2,513 87,053 +/-7,117 Median selected monthly owner costs with a mortgage (dollars) 1,130 +/-13 896 +/-73 Median selected monthly owner costs without a mortgage (dollars) 284 +/-13 146 +/-28 Renter-occupied housing units 667,674 +/-28,708 44,799 +/-3,975 GROSS RENT AS A PERCENTAGE OF HOUSEHOLD INCOME IN THE PAST 12 MONTHS Less than 30 percent 52.7% +/-2.1 59.5% +/-8.4 30 percent or more 47.3% +/-2.1 40.5% +/-8.4 GROSS RENT Median gross rent (dollars) 691 +/-11 614 +/-53 Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2004 American Community Survey. Data are based on a sample and are subject to sampling variability. The degree of uncertainty for an estimate arising from sampling variability is represented through the use of a margin of error. The value shown here is the 90 percent margin of error. The margin of error can be interpreted roughly as providing a 90 percent probability that the interval defined by the estimate minus the margin of error and the estimate plus the margin of error (the lower and upper confidence bounds) contains the true value. In addition to sampling variability, the ACS estimates are subject to nonsampling error (for a discussion of nonsampling variability, see http://www.census.gov/acs/www/ Downloads/ACS/accuracy2004.pdf). The effect of nonsampling error is not represented in these tables. Notes: Data for the households, families, occupied housing units, owner-occupied housing units, and renter-occupied housing units lines refer to the specified race, Hispanic or Latino, American Indian or Alaska Native, or ancestry of the householder shown in the table. Data in the "Total population" column is shown regardless of the race, Hispanic or Latino, American Indian or Alaska Native, or ancestry of the person. See the Glossary for more information on the definition of the following population groups: Arab, Arab/Arabic, European, Sub-Saharan African, African, United States or American, and All Other Hispanic or Latino. Explanation of Symbols: 1. An `*' entry in the margin of error column indicates that too few sample observations were available to compute a standard error and thus the margin of error. A statistical test is not appropriate. 2. An `**' entry in the margin of error column indicates that no sample observations were available to compute a standard error and thus the margin of error. A statistical test is not appropriate. 3. An `-' entry in the estimate column indicates that no sample observations were available to compute an estimate, or a ratio of medians cannot be calculated because one or both of the median estimates falls in the lowest interval or upper interval of an open-ended distribution. 4. An `-' following a median estimate means the median falls in the lowest interval of an open-ended distribution. 5. An `+' following a median estimate means the median falls in the upper interval of an open-ended distribution. 6. An `***' entry in the margin of error column indicates that the median falls in the lowest interval or upper interval of an open-ended distribution. A statistical test is not appropriate. 7. An `*****' entry in the margin of error column indicates that the estimate is controlled. A statistical test for sampling variability is not appropriate. 8. An `N' entry in the estimate and margin of error columns indicates that data for this geographic area cannot be displayed because the number of sample cases is too small. 9. An `(X)' means that the estimate is not applicable or not available. Figure H.1. (Continued).