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OCR for page 147
SECTION VI--NCHRP PROJECT 17-18(3) GUIDANCE FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF THE AASHTO STRATEGIC HIGHWAY SAFETY PLAN Implementation Step 4: Develop Program Policies, Guidelines, and Specifications General Description A foundation and framework are needed for solving the identified safety problems. The implementation process will need to be guided and evaluated according to a set of goals, objectives, and related performance measures. These will formalize what the intended result is and how success will be measured. The overlying crash reduction goal, established in Step 3, will provide the context for the more specific goals established in this step. The goals, objectives, and performance measures will be used much later to evaluate what is implemented. Therefore, they should be jointly outlined at this point and agreed to by all program stakeholders. It is important to recognize that evaluating any actions is an important part of the process. Even though evaluation is not finished until some time after the strategies have been implemented, it begins at this step. The elements of this step may be simpler for a specific project or location than for a comprehensive program. However, even in the simpler case, policies, guidelines, and specifications are usually needed. Furthermore, some programs or projects may require that some guidelines or specifications be in the form of limits on directions taken and types of strategies considered acceptable. Specific Elements 1. Identify high-level policy actions required and implement them (legislative and administrative) 2. Develop goals, objectives, and performance measures to guide the program and use for assessing its effect 2.1. Hold joint meetings of stakeholders 2.2. Use consensus-seeking methods 2.3. Carefully define terms and measures 2.4. Develop report documenting results and validate them 3. Identify specifications or constraints to be used throughout the project 3.1. Budget constraints 3.2. Time constraints 3.3. Personnel training 3.4. Capacity to install or construct 3.5. Types of strategies not to be considered or that must be included 3.6. Other VI-12