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6 interest was protected in PPP transactions and how these con- · Tools used by state DOTs to evaluate PPP proposals; cerns were addressed by decision makers, project sponsors, and and other stakeholders. The literature review included docu- · Information provided to decision makers, including who ments suggested by the review panel, in addition to papers provides the information. and studies previously compiled by the authors. Some of the information sources reviewed included: The survey was developed as a collaborative effort among AASHTO, NCHRP, and FHWA, to avoid duplication and to · A Cambridge Systematics's report on long-term lease limit the potential burden on DOTs for responding to multiple agreements and public concerns prepared for the Uni- surveys on a similar subject. In 2005, FHWA and AASHTO versity of Southern California, Keston Institute; conducted a survey that investigated state DOT experience · Studies by states, regions, and toll road authorities inves- with, their readiness to undertake and professional capacity tigating PPP options; needs related to PPPs, and it was scheduled to be updated dur- · U.S. House of Representatives--Testimonies on PPPs ing the spring 2008. The full survey included 15 questions, of before the House Transportation and Infrastructure which 9 were specifically related to this NCHRP synthesis. Committee; Overall, 65 surveys were distributed and 49 responses were · Several GAO studies, including a recent report about received for a 78% response rate. Forty-four state responses protecting the public interest in PPPs; were received, a response rate of 85%, and five Canadian · FHWA: provinces responded. Appendices A and B contain the survey PPP website; questionnaire and the results summaries, including separate International Scan Report on Asset Management; summaries for U.S. and Canadian transportation departments. PPP User Guidebook and Case Studies; and PPP legislation survey prepared by Nossaman, Guthner, Knox & Elliot, LLP. Survey of Other Individuals and Organizations · Publications from the Organization for Economic Coop- eration and Development (OECD), the European Union, A second survey about public concerns related to PPPs was and the World Bank; distributed to individuals and organizations that are known · TRB papers presented at its annual meetings in recent to have an interest in the subject. The distribution list was years; developed by the principal investigators in collaboration · Academic and industry papers; with NCHRP staff and Topic Panel members. The survey · Books on PPPs: Nuevos Sistemas de Gestión y Finan- was also publicized at the January 2008 TRB 87th Annual ciación de Infratructuras de Transporte (New Systems Meeting. This survey was qualitative, and sought to specifi- of Management and Financing for Transportation Infra- cally find the perceived benefits of PPPs, the most common structure), by Izquierdo and Vassallo (2004); and concerns, and how these concerns might be mitigated. A total · Newspapers and Internet newsletters/blogs on PPPs and of 24 individuals responded to the survey, representing sev- toll roads. eral groups including legislature, state DOTs, transportation consultants, financial advisors, investment banks, interest groups, and academia. The full questionnaire can be found in Survey of U.S. State and Canadian Provincial Appendix C, and a summary of the responses is provided in Departments of Transportation Appendix D. A web-based survey was sent to all U.S. state DOTs (includ- ing the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico) and to their REPORT ORGANIZATION 13 Canadian provincial counterparts to assess various aspects of PPP decision making, covering: Chapter two of this synthesis provides an overview of the dif- ferent ways that PPPs are defined, some history about PPPs · Criteria used to select PPP projects; in the United States, and addresses some common miscon- · Measures and/or strategies used to protect the public ceptions about PPPs. Chapter three addresses a broad range interest; of topics of concern related to PPPs, and chapter four has con- · Level of importance of public concerns related to PPPs; clusions and suggestions for further research.