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OCR for page 105
Public Transportation Market Share by Airport 105 Paris Orly (26% Market Share) Market Share European/Asian Rank Airport Total Rail Bus 18 Paris Orly Airport 26% 14% 12% SOURCE: Aroports de Paris (31) The Airport. Orly Airport is 9 miles south of the center of Paris and serves the southern suburbs of Paris. The airport served more than 25 MAP in 2006. Travel time between the airport and the center of Paris on a combination of motorway and local streets can be as short as 25 min- utes but can fluctuate significantly. A taxi ride to the city center can cost $30. Connections at the Airport. The OrlyVal people mover has two stops at the airport, allow- ing elevated pedestrian bridge connections to both passenger terminals. On the trip to the airport, passengers can transfer from the RER Line B to the people mover without changing platforms; however, on the return trip, passengers must change platforms to connect from the people mover to RER Line B. The connection to the RER Line C is via a 5-minute shuttle bus, which operates on a short reserved right-of-way segment to avoid traffic congestion. Rail. Orly Airport is served by connecting services to two separate metropolitan rail lines. A people mover connects the two air terminals with the newer RER Line B. At the cost of about $12, a combined ticket is issued through to Paris on the OrlyVal people mover. A shuttle bus connects to the older RER Line C. Baggage-Handling Strategy. As noted for Charles de Gaulle Airport, the RER Line B is poorly structured to handle the baggage of airline passengers. Initially, the OrlyVal people mover did not have any baggage storage space; they were redesigned to provide some space for baggage. Bus lines operated by Air France have ample baggage storage capacity under the floor of the coach; other buses have only a moderate amount of storage area in the vehicle. Bus. A variety of bus services are offered, including an Air France bus with service through Paris's Left Bank. This service is provided every 20 minutes all day between the center of Paris and Orly. Dsseldorf (22% Market Share) Market Share European/Asian Rank Airport Total Rail Bus 19 Dsseldorf International 22% 18% 4% Airport SOURCE: "DUS Rail Access, History Development, Experiences" (38) The Airport. Dsseldorf International Airport is the third largest airport in Germany, serv- ing more than 15 MAP in 2005. The airport serves a distinctly polycentric region, with many smaller cities clustered relatively close together; the airport is less than 5 miles from the center of Dsseldorf, 27 miles from Cologne, and 22 miles from Essen. More than 18 million residents live within 65 miles of the airport. Connections at the Airport. Dsseldorf airport has been served by the S-Bahn, regional com- muter rail, direct to Central Station in downtown Dsseldorf since 1975. In the 1990s, an indirect service was added that consisted of an automated people mover to take airline passengers to a new

OCR for page 105
106 Ground Access to Major Airports by Public Transportation station along a major trunk of Germany's high-speed rail system. Thus, the deplaning airline pas- senger can go downstairs for a no-transfer service to the CBD or take the people mover to the edge of the airport where many trains offer direct service to a wide variety of destinations in the mul- ticentered region. The decision to abandon off-site baggage check-in at the high-speed rail station is discussed in Chapter 5. Rail. Given that the airport market is not particularly focused on the single central city (only about 17% of the market), a transfer somewhere in the system is needed by most travelers. The people mover connection (4 minutes) provides a faster connection to the main rail system than does the commuter service (12 minutes). The high-frequency commuter rail service to the air- port itself (55 trains a day) combines with the cross section of services on the high-speed line (345 train departures a day) to yield 400 departures by rail a day from the airport. The people mover to the regional trunk line captures about 13% of the market, while the slower direct ser- vice to downtown captures about 5% of the total market. (38). Bus. Buses capture about 4% of the market. Four bus lines serve the airport at the arrivals terminal, including a specialty service "Airport-Aixpress" from Aachen, Germany. Three regional bus services stop at the high-speed rail station, utilizing the people mover connection.