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OCR for page 167
Managing the Airport Landside System 167 Grant Anticipation Revenue Vehicles (GARVEEs) and Transit GARVEEs Other federal legislation also permits federal aid funds to be used for debt-service and debt- issuance costs, which permits states to raise funds for current projects by issuing bonds backed by future federal aid highway funds. Environmental Implications of Federal Funding for Airport Access Projects Funding for airport access projects is subject to the provisions of both the National Environ- mental Policy Act (NEPA), the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 (CAAA), and about 20 other federal environmental laws, regulations, and executive orders. NEPA is the basic national char- ter for the protection of the environment and establishes policies and sets goals. Regulations at 40 CFR Part 1500 et seq. provide means to carry out NEPA. For certain types of federally funded or federally approved transportation projects, NEPA will require the preparation of an Environ- mental Impact Statement. Moreover, certain types of transportation projects will require the determination of air quality conformity pursuant to CAAA (ensuring that the proposed project will not worsen or impede efforts to reduce violations of the National Ambient Air Quality Stan- dards in non-attainment or maintenance areas).