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Attributes of Successful Ground Access Systems 63 PHOTO: M. A. Coogan. Figure 3-4. The future of the proposed Maglev from Munich Airport (shown here in a demonstration mock up at Terminal Two) is unclear. Paris Charles de Gaulle Airport For years, the access strategy between Charles de Gaulle airport and downtown Paris has been based on the use of standard regional rail services, which are shared with commuters. No spe- cialized service to the downtown was planned. Over the past decade, the French National Railways (SNCF) and Aroports de Paris (ADP) worked to develop a new dedicated high-speed service to the Gare de l'Est. Responsibility for leading the planning for the new service has recently shifted entirely to the national railway system. Thus, the French authorities are planning for Charles de Gaulle airport to have two services available at two separate price points: a shared commuter service along the RER-B with distribution services through downtown Paris and the suburbs to the south, and a second, non-stop dedicated train service to a terminal at Gare de l'Est, where a transfer to taxi or other mode would be needed to continue the onward journey. In one routing option, an expensive new tunnel was proposed between the airport and the city; more recently the rail authorities are examining more efficient use of the existing rail right-of- way currently used by the RER trains. At present, no downtown baggage check-in services are planned for the new dedicated rail service. While funding commitment for the project has been lacking, the ADP website reports that the French government is now committed to the project. Chicago Midway and O'Hare Airports The Chicago Transit Authority developed an ambitious plan to operate a dedicated airport train service from O'Hare International Airport to downtown and continuing on to Midway Interna- tional Airport. A central feature of the plan was the creation of bypass tracks at key stations along the Kennedy Expressway, which would allow for an elaborate skip-stop operation that would reduce travel time from about 45 minutes to perhaps 25 minutes. The plan proposes the creation of a new station at a downtown location (called "Block 37" on State Street) where a connector could be built from the present tunnel of the Blue Line (serving O'Hare) to that of the Orange Line (serv- ing Midway.) At this point a single station would be dedicated to the Blue/Orange train, with the