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CHAPTER 4 Public Transportation Market Share by Airport This chapter presents an airport-by-airport summary of air traveler ground access mode share by public transportation services. The modes included in this summary are rail, bus, and shared- ride vans; modes excluded from this summary are hotel and rental car vans, limousines, and charter buses. In Part 1, the public transportation mode share data for 27 U.S. airports are presented, along with a discussion of trends and patterns for each of the modes. In Part 2, the public transportation mode shares for 19 European/Asian airports are presented with a brief description of the salient characteristics of the services provided. Certain information is provided for the European and Asian airports, such as their baggage-handling strategies and the relation- ship of ground services to national services, which is not provided for the U.S. airports because of a lack of relevance. The available mode choice (i.e., market share) data for originating airline passengers at large U.S. airports are discussed below. (Unless otherwise noted in the following sections, "passen- gers" refers to originating airline passengers.) Part 1: Best Practices at U.S. Airports This section presents brief, factual overviews of the 27 U.S. airports covered in this report in terms of the characteristics of the airport itself, the nature of its configuration relative to ground transportation services, and the role played by rail and bus services. Finally, observations are presented about the market characteristics of the airport ground access services when they are relevant to the emphasis areas of this report. The factors that contribute to the success of the ground access systems are examined in five categories: The airport: Each U.S. airport is summarized in terms of its location, its traffic in terms of annual enplanements in 2005, and the number of those enplanements representing originat- ing passengers. Automobile travel times to downtown are presented, along with a reasonable approximation of the taxi fares, which will vary by the actual destination of the trip. Connections at the airport: The discussion of this category examines the nature of the airport configuration and design, which influence the ability of both bus and rail services to serve the airport efficiently. Rail: Rail services to the U.S. airports are described when they exist. Bus: Bus services that are specific to the airport market (i.e., "airporters") and more traditional public transportation services by bus are summarized. In the case of Boston, bus rapid tran- sit is discussed as a separate mode. Shared-ride vans: Shared-ride vans are included in the analysis, but services such as limou- sines and "black cars" designed to transport single parties are excluded whenever the original data will allow. 68