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70 Ground Access to Major Airports by Public Transportation San Francisco (23% Market Share) Market Share U.S. Rank Airport Total Rail Bus/Van 1 San Francisco International 23% 7% 16% Airport SOURCE: Surveys (12) The Airport. San Francisco International Airport is located about 14 miles from Union Square in downtown San Francisco, with a driving time of 18 minutes possible with no traffic. The airport served nearly 33 MAP in 2005; of these, nearly 9 million were originating passengers. San Francisco International Airport remains one of the strongest markets in the United States for publicly available modes of transportation. Connections at the Airport. The airport has two major terminal buildings: a traditional horseshoe configuration to the east and a new international terminal to the west. The Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART) station is located within the structure of the international terminal, but requires a transfer to the automated people mover for most connections to the original airport terminals. Rail. In June 2003, the long-planned extension of the BART system into San Francisco was opened. Airport managers report a 7% market share for the new BART service in 2006. Bus. San Francisco International Airport also has a strong tradition of regional bus operations with direct service to the airport, designed for airport users. In the North Bay, three companies operate service; in the East Bay, one company operates service; and there are two operators to the South. The long-operated dedicated bus to downtown, which made or con- nected to a hotel loop, was abandoned after the opening of the direct BART service to the airport. Together, buses directly serving the airport capture about 5% of the ground trans- portation market. The Marin Airporter express bus service was developed by private entrepreneurs, who have successfully operated the service between Marin County (located across the Golden Gate Bridge, north of San Francisco) and San Francisco International Airport. Consistent with other suc- cessful long-distance bus routes, the Marin Airporter operates from the airport every half hour from 4:30 a.m. to midnight. Shared-Ride Van. Shared-ride vans continue to dominate the public transportation mar- ket to San Francisco International Airport, capturing about 11% of the market in 2006. San Francisco International Airport advertises two distinct kinds of van services. For "door- to-door vans," the members of the public can walk up to the service operator at the airport and purchase a ride without reservation. In the return direction, some form of reservation is required. For "pre-arranged" vans, reservations are required for all services, to or from the airport. Over time, the airport management has analyzed a variety of methods to limit the number of shuttle operators carving up the same geographic market. At the present time, however, multiple operators go after the same shared-ride market, which degrades the services. For example, to the city of San Francisco, the San Francisco International Airport website lists 11 service providers offering services to the same area. To the East Bay, three companies pro- vide service, with two companies providing service to the south, to Santa Clara and San Mateo counties.